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GERMANY (DB AG) - A HOLDING COMPANY WITH 5 CORPORATE DIVISIONS. Corporate responsibility for operations is the province of the five limited companies: DB Regio (local passenger traffic) DB Reise und Touristik (long distance passenger traffic) DB Cargo (freight traffic)
Access rights may be claimed on the whole German networksubject to obtaining a licence from the Transport Ministry
FRANCE (SNCF/RFF) - SUPERVISED BY A BOARD OF ADMINISTRATION
SNCF is the operating company
RFF is the infrastructure company, with the same legal status as SNCF
Train paths granted only to companies located in France.
Foreign operators said not yet to be entitled to claim access rights.
Assigned to Ministry of Development
RENFE has not created two separate entities. Infrastructure management is still a key task of RENFE which remains an integrated company with separate accounting systems for infrastructure and operations
Under development (most lines have a different gauge than French railways)
SWEDEN (SJ) – (traffic operations) – A state business administration
with a high degree of managerial autonomy: expected to generate its revenue
and operate on a commercial basis. Also private companies.
BANVERKET (BV): responsible for track management. State grants for
maintenance andmajor investment
Exceed the compulsory requirements of EC Directives
Operations and infrastructure have separate accounting under OeBB.
A separate state-owned company, SCHIG, is responsible for infrastructure financing.
Granted under licence, for defined parts of the railway network, from the Minister of Transport. Open to international groupings and international combined transport operators.
DENMARK DSB (Danish State Railway) – an independent public corporation. Owns DSB Trains,
an operating company of rail services.
NRA (Danish National Railway Agency) – manages the infrastructure
DNRA is financed entirely by the State and revenue collected for usage is passed directly to the Government.
DSB operates public service transport on the basis of traffic contracts.
There are 13 integrated private railways mainly operating feeder and commuter services.
The Minister of Transport may let contracts to tender for PSO. All approved railway operators including DSB may bid. By 2003 15% of total passenger transport outside the suburban network will be put out to tender.
with full autonomy on decisions relating to the commercial sector.
Has separate accounting for operations and Infrastructure. Has a Government commissioner on the Board.
Available to SNCB for all passenger and freight operations. Also open to EU international groupings carrying out combined transport.
HOLLAND (NS) – NS is a holding company with shares 100% Government-owned.It incorporates NS Group (operations and commercial activities). The infrastructure
Is now owned by Railinfra Trust, under the Ministry of Transport
The Corporate Structure of NS Holding is as follows:
NS Cargo; NS Stations; NS Real Estate; NS Passenger; NS Rolling Stock
Railinfra Trust was separated from NS in 2001, with ownership of assets andthree task organisations:
RIB: Technical rail infrastructure management, maintenance and construction;
Railned BV (RBV): Regulates access,allocates track capacity and supervisessafety;
NSBV: Day-to-day network/train control, operational management,signalling andcontrol systems.
At present there is no infrastructure fee (to compensate for a ‘non-level playing field’ between road and rail transport)
RBV must grant access and transit rights to international groupings and railway undertakings of other member states for combined transport.
ITALY (FS) – From 1997, ajoint stock company100% state-owned.
Trenitalia will pay track charges based on operating costs, not investment costs. Investment is paid by the Government
Open bidding for network access began in 2001, with invitations for bids to operate on five international corridors
IRELAND (CIE) – a national statutory authority – all public surface transport.
Under development : track gauge 1600 mm is incompatible with other EU railways
2. Train operating companies (TOCs): All passenger rail services are franchised.
There are 25 franchised TOCs.There is no national carrier. Private freight operators are running on a commercial basis, with reduced access fees.
3. Rolling Stock Operating Companies (ROSCOs): private companies for the supply and maintenance of rolling stock to the TOCs.
4. Office of the Rail Regulator (ORR): responsible for the issue and enforcement of licencesto operate trains, networks and stations. Approves agreements for access by operators to track and stations
5. Strategic Rail Authority (SRA): A Government-sponsored agency responsible for
the issuing of franchises and long term strategic planning