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Module 8: TB Recording and Reporting. Learning Objectives. Define surveillance Accurately complete the orange Tuberculosis Treatment Card Accurately complete the TB register Explain the flow of TB data from the health facilities up to the national level. What is Surveillance?.

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Module 8: TB Recording and Reporting

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Module 8 tb recording and reporting

Module 8:TB Recording and Reporting


Learning objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Define surveillance

  • Accurately complete the orange Tuberculosis Treatment Card

  • Accurately complete the TB register

  • Explain the flow of TB data from the health facilities up to the national level


What is surveillance

What is Surveillance?

  • The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and reporting of health-related data

  • Data can be used to plan, implement, and evaluate public health programmes aimed at preventing disease and improving life


Examples of surveillance activities

Examples of Surveillance Activities

  • TB recording and reporting systems

  • HIV antenatal sentinel surveillance

  • Tracking HIV positive patients on ARVs

  • Other disease surveillance activities (e.g. malaria)


What is tb hiv surveillance

What is TB/HIV Surveillance?

It has two components:

  • Recording and reporting of TB information (smear status, anti-TB treatment, TB treatment outcomes)

  • Recording and reporting of HIV data (HIV status, ART use, IPT history) for TB patients


Tb surveillance data

TB Surveillance Data

Collection of routine TB/HIV data will serve to:

  • Promote information sharing

  • Understand the TB/HIV epidemic and its effect on patients and communities

  • Direct resources and planning

  • Evaluate the impact of interventions


Tb recording and reporting r r

TB RECORDING AND REPORTING (R&R)

  • Is one offive components of Directly Observed Treatment Strategy (DOTS)

  • Provides data for patient care, national surveillance, evaluation of programs

  • WHO, IUATLD have standardised forms for TB R&R

  • Paper-based, electronic, or a combination of both


Botswana tb r r forms

BOTSWANA TB R&R Forms

  • TB Suspect and Sputum Dispatch Register

  • Mycobacteriology Request Form

  • Laboratory TB Register

  • Health facility TB Register

  • Contact Form

  • OrangeTuberculosis Treatment Card

  • Blue patient appointment and DOT card

  • District TB Register

  • Electronic TB Register (ETR)

  • Transfer of Patient


Flow of data through the national tb program

Data

TB suspect provides 3 sputum specimens

HCW enters patient data in the TB suspect register

Health facility

HCW enters patient data on the orange treatment card and into facility TB register

Data from facility TB register copied into district TB register by District TB Coordinator

Data entered into Electronic TB register (ETR) by District TB Coordinator

District TB coordinator uses ETR to generate quarterly cohort and yearly reports

District TB coordinator saves data to a floppy disk and sends to the national level

District

District-level data are collated in the ETR for analysis at the national level

BNTP generates quarterly and yearly reports for the district- and country-levels using ETR

National

FLOW OF DATA THROUGH THE NATIONAL TB PROGRAM


Orange tb treatment card

ORANGETB TREATMENT CARD

  • Initial source of data for the TB recording and reporting system

    • Pink cards NOT TO BE USED

  • Diagnosis and treatment information

  • Should be completed by MDs and nurses

  • Information from the treatment card is used to fill in the facility and district TB registers

  • Information should be complete and accurate

  • SOME data is better than NO data !!


The orange tb treatment card

THE ORANGE TB TREATMENT CARD


Name surname first name

Name (Surname, First Name)

  • How to fill in this section: The patient’s surname is written first, followed by the patient’s first name. If the patient has a middle name, write that in the space as well. Example: The patient’s name is Francis Mulenga


Module 8 tb recording and reporting

Sex

  • How to fill in this section: Circle the appropriate box for either male (M) or female (F)

  • Example: Francis Mulenga is male, “M”should be recorded


Age in years

Age (in years)

  • How to fill in this section: The correct response for this column is age in years. If the patient is a child under one year old, write the number of months followed by /12. E.G., 6 months would be 6/12.

  • If the patient doesn’t know their age

    • Look on the OPD

    • Ask year of birth

    • Ask a family member


Omang passport

Omang/Passport #

  • How to fill in this section: Fill in the 9-digitOmang number or Passport number of each TB patient in the space provided. If the patient does not have an identification number, leave this column blank.

  • Example: Francis Mulenga’s Omang number is 123456789


Address in full

Address in Full

  • How to fill in this section: The best description of where the patient lives should be written in this section (street address or plot number). The HCW needs to know enough to FIND the person if s/he has to!!

  • Example: Francis Mulenga lives in a blue house near the Shell petrol station in plot 45

  • Request at least one mobile phone number for patient and close relative.


Registration and transfer information

Registration and Transfer Information

  • How to fill in this section:

    • Unit TB No: The Unit TB number consists of four parts :

      • A: District Number

      • B: Health facility Code number

      • C: Specific serial number of the patient starting with 001 at the beginning of each year

      • D: Year of registration


Registration number 2

Registration Number (2)

  • The first two parts of the number ('A' and 'B') are common to all patients registered in one health facility. The parts 'C' and 'D' are specific to each patient

  • Example: A patient (NOT Francis Mulenga) was registered in District 15 (‘A’ = 15), in Bontleng Clinic ('B’ = 302), and is the 89th registered patient ('C' = 89) in the year 2004 ('D' = 04)

302


Registration number 3

Registration Number (3)

  • Block “C” IDs should begin at 001 on January 1st of each year and proceed sequentially.

  • Each patient is given a unique ID each time s/he is registered

    • Patients returning after default or failure should be RE-registered with a new unique ID

  • If a mistake is detected, never renumber all the patients and do not use white out. EVER.

    • a patient is registered twice for same treatment episode,

    • TB is “ruled out”

    • a numbering error occurred (duplicates or skips)

302


Registration number 31

Registration Number (3)

  • In the event a numbering error occurred, draw a line through the entry and re-enter at the end of the list of patients

    • This pertains to duplicate entries of the same patient with different numbers or duplicate entries of same number different patient

  • Make a note in remarks which explains why the patient is registered out of sequence

  • Do not re-assign a registration number once used

  • NO TIPEX!!


Transfer information 3

Transfer information (3)

Transferred/Moved Out:

  • If a patient transfers to a facility in another district during treatment (“transfer out”), or moves to another facility in the same reporting unit (“move out”), fill in the “To” column with the name of the health facility to which the patient transferred /moved.

  • The BNTP form entitled Notice of Transfer of a Patientmust be completed for all patients transferring or moving

    • The form should be sent with the patient

    • A duplicate Omang TB treatment card should be sent with the patient to the new facility

    • The original form should remain at originating clinic


Transfer information 4

Transfer information (4)

  • Example: a patient with registration number “089/04” was moved out to Ext. 14 Clinic on 02 October 2004.


Transfer information 5

Transfer information (5)

Transferred/Moved In:

  • Patients transferred or moved in from another reporting unit to your health facility, should be (re) registered in the TB register. Enter your unit TB number, along with the patient’s new registration number, in the second line of the box. Put an “X” in the “IN” column

  • Note that this is a duplicate TB treatment card, as the original card remains at the original health facility

  • The receiving clinic must complete the Response to aTransfer of a Patientand return to sending clinic.


Transfer information 6

Transfer information (6)

  • Do not fill in the “REGISTERED” column. This column simply states that the patient has been registered in your health facility. Record the date that the patient came into health facility

  • Example: the patient was re-registered with the new registration number “078/04”, when he moved in to Ext. 14 Clinic on 15 October 2004


Tb classification 1

TB Classification (1)

  • Purpose: Disease classification and site of disease should be recorded in this section.

  • Pulmonary disease means TB of the lungs, including patients that are smear-positive or smear-negative.

  • All other types of TB are classified as extrapulmonary disease, including pleurisy and miliary TB

  • Patients with pulmonary AND extrapulmonary disease should be classified as pulmonary


Tb classification 2

TB Classification (2)

  • How to fill in this section: Make an “X” over the appropriate box for pulmonary TB or extrapulmonary TB

  • If the patient has both pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB, mark this as pulmonary TB and fill in the site of extrapulmonary TB.

  • In the case of extrapulmonary TB, indicate the site that has been affected in the space provided

  • Example: Francis Mulenga has pulmonary TB


Patient category

Patient Category

  • The proper category of patient is necessary to determine the appropriate treatment regimen.

  • How to fill in this section:Make an “X” over the box with the appropriate option. The four options are:

    • NEW

    • FAILURE

    • DEFAULT

    • RELAPSE

  • Francis Mulenga is a new patient

RETREATMENT

CASES


Sputum examination results pre treatment 1

Sputum Examination Results – Pre-treatment (1)

  • Purpose: These columns record the date and results of the patient’s pre-treatment sputum smear result. In all cases (except young children), three sputum examinations should be done (spot, morning, spot)

  • How to fill in this section: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the sputum collection date.

  • The correct responses for the Results column are “P” for positive and “N” for negative. Indicate the grading of the sputum result (i.e. scanty, +, ++, +++)


Sputum examination results pre treatment 2

Sputum Examination Results – Pre-treatment (2)

  • Example: Francis Mulenga gave three sputum specimens for examination, one on 12th January and two on 13th January. The results were “+++”, “++”, and “+++”, respectively


Intensive phase 2 month exam

Intensive phase (2 month exam)

  • Purpose: Two sputum smears should be done after two months of treatment.

  • How to fill in this section: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the date of collection of sputum. The correct responses for the Results column are “P” for positive and “N” for negative. Indicate the grading of the sputum result (i.e. scanty, +, ++, +++)

  • Example: Francis Mulenga gave one sputum specimen for examination on 15th March. The result was negative.


Sputum smear results end of treatment 6 months

Sputum Smear Results – End of Treatment (6 months)

  • Two sputum examinations should be done at the end of six months of treatment.

  • One negative smear is sufficient at the end of Category I treatment

  • How to fill in this section: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill the date of collection of sputum.

  • Example: Francis Mulenga gave two sputum specimens for examination on 5th July. The results were negative

  • No patient is considered CURED without a recorded, negative 6- month sputum exam result!!


Sputum smear results end of treatment 8 months

Sputum Smear Results – End of Treatment (8 months)

  • Category II patients should have two sputum examinations at 8 months.

  • How to fill in this section: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the Date column with the date of collection of sputum. The correct responses for the Results column are “P” for positive and “N” for negative. Indicate the grading of the sputum result (i.e. scanty, +, ++, +++)


Pre treatment weight

Pre-treatment Weight

  • This section records the patient’s weight prior to treatment, in kilograms

  • How to fill in this section: Weigh the patient and record the value in the space provided

  • Weight is essential to determine drug dosages


Initial phase of treatment

Initial Phase of Treatment

  • This section lists the fixed-dose combinations of anti-TB drugs for adults and children during the intensive phase of TB treatment

  • How to fill in this section: Circle the anti-TB regimen that the patient is taking

  • Example, Francis Mulenga weighs 58 kg, so he will receive the regimen circled


Hiv status

HIV Status

  • This section records up to two HIV test results for each TB patient.

  • Patients with a negative test result at the beginning of treatment should be re-tested within three months or before the end of treatment

  • Example: Francis Mulenga was tested HIV negative on 15 January 2005; make an “X” over the box indicating a negative result and record the date

  • Francis Mulenga was retested two months later and had a positive test result; make an “X” over the box indicating a positive result and record the date

X

X

15/03/05


Art antiretroviral therapy

ART: Antiretroviral Therapy

  • This section records

    TB patient history of, or

    concurrent treatment

    with ART, along with the date

  • How to fill in this section: Make an

    “X” over the appropriate box. If the

    patient is on ART, or has a history

    of taking ART, make an “X” in the

    “Yes” box. If the patient is HIV

    negative, leave the box blank.

    If the patient is HIV-infected, but is not on ART, mark the box “NO”.

    Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, record the date in the

    appropriate column

  • Example: The patient is not currently on ART; make an “X” over the “No” box on the treatment card

X


Ipt isoniazid preventive therapy

IPT-Isoniazid Preventive Therapy

  • This section records whether the TB patient has received isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) prior to the current TB episode, along with the date IPT started

  • How to fill in this section: Make an “X” over the appropriate box. If the patient has ever taken even one dose of IPT as part of the IPT programme , make an “X” in the “Yes” box. If the patient has never taken IPT, make an “X” in the “No” box. Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, record the date in the appropriate column

  • Example: The patient received 3 months of IPT prior to developing TB; mark an “X” over the “YES” box on the treatment card

X

15/03/05

X

01/06/03


Other tests biopsy

Other tests – Biopsy

  • This section records biopsy results for each TB patient, along with the date. Not all TB patients will have a biopsy, so this section may be left blank if it is not applicable

  • How to fill in this section: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, record the date in the appropriate column. The correct responses for the Results column are “P” for positive and “N” for negative


Other tests ppd

Other tests – PPD

  • How to fill in this section: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, record the date in the appropriate column. The correct response for the Results column is the number of millimeters (mm) of the test result

  • Example: Francis Mulenga had a PPD result of 18 millimeters on 15 January 2005. The section would be completed as shown


Other tests other

Other tests – Other

  • How to fill in this section: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, record the date in the appropriate column. The correct response for the Results column will vary depending on the type of test

  • Example: Francis Mulenga did not have any other tests performed, so this section will be left blank


Treatment compliance

Treatment Compliance

  • This section can be used to track patient adherence to anti-TB treatment on a daily basis. It also records the follow-up weight at the end of each calendar month

  • How to fill in this section: HCW should enter his/her initials on each day of supervised drug administration, a “-“ for self-supervised treatment, or a “0” for any missed treatment

  • Example: Francis Mulenga began DOT on 15 January, 2005. On 22 January, he was unable to visit the clinic and missed that day of treatment. His follow-up weight at the end of January was 59.2 kilograms


Continuation phase of treatment

Continuation Phase of Treatment

  • This section lists the fixed-dose combinations of anti-TB drugs for adults and children during the continuation phase of treatment

  • How to fill in this section: Record the patient’s follow-up weight and circle the anti-TB regimen that the patient is taking

  • Example: Francis Mulenga weighs 59.4 kg at the continuation phase of treatment, so he will receive the regimen circled


Contact screening

Contact Screening

  • This section records the number of people that the TB patient thinks s/he has come in contact with, along with the number of contacts screened for TB using

  • How to fill in this section: Record the number of people that the TB patient thinks they have come in contact with in the first column. Of these people, record the number of contacts screened for TB using the BNTP screening form.

  • Example: Francis Mulenga thinks he came in contact with 5 people. Of these, 3 people have been screened for TB


Chest x ray

Chest X-Ray

  • Record results for up to two chest x-rays, along with the date of the chest x-ray

  • How to fill in this section: Record the chest x-ray number in the first section. Draw any abnormalities in the corresponding location on the picture of the lungs. Using the format “dd/mm/yy,” record the date in the appropriate column

  • Example: A patient has a cavity in the right upper lobe, according to his chest x-ray from 25 December, 2004, x-ray number 2234. This section would be completed as shown above


Culture and sensitivity report

Culture and Sensitivity Report

  • All re-treatment cases should submit a sputum specimen for culture and drug sensitivity testing.

  • If a culture was performed, this section can be used to record the results of the drug sensitivity profile for each TB patient, along with the date

  • How to fill in this section: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, record the date in the appropriate column. If the sample is sensitive to a drug, mark the “Sensitive” column with an “X.” If the patient is resistant to a drug, mark the “Resistant” column with an “X”

  • Example: A culture was performed for a patient on 30 March, 2005. Her result showed sensitivity to all first-line drugs


Treatment outcome

Treatment Outcome

  • Categorise the outcome of each TB patient at the end of treatment

  • How to fill in this section: Fill in the column with the appropriate outcome:

    • Cured

    • Treatment completed

    • Treatment failure

    • Died

    • Defaulted/interrupted

    • Transferred out

  • Example: Francis Mulenga was initially smear-positive, but converted to smear-negative after two months of treatment. He had a smear-negative sputum result at 6 months. Therefore he is considered cured; make an “X” over the box for cured


Remarks

Remarks

  • This section records specific information not captured by any of the other sections about each TB patient

  • How to fill in this section: Following are examples of what can be written in this section:

    • “Patient’s wife is HIV positive”

    • “CD4 count =50 on 12/03/05”

  • Example: Francis Mulenga’s wife is HIV-infected; record this information in the remarks section. This remark should also be a reminder that Francis should be offered another HIV test during his treatment


Section b the tb register

SECTION B: The TB Register

  • Backbone of the National TB Programme surveillance system

  • Information is recorded upon diagnosis and updated at each follow-up visit


Completing the tb register

Completing the TB Register

The example register is taken from Bontleng Clinic.


Registration number

Registration Number

  • The registration number provides each TB patient with a unique identification number. Patients should be assigned a registration number upon TB diagnosis

  • How to fill in this column: The registration number consists of the consecutive patient number (starting at “1” at the beginning of each calendar year) and the year of registration

  • Example, Francis Mulenga is the first patient in the register for 2005. Therefore, his registration number will be “001/05”


Registration date

Registration Date

  • This column records the date on which a patient first attended for TB treatment at your health facility

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the date on which the patient first began TB treatment at your health facility. In the case of "transferred in" or “moved in” patients, this date will not coincide with the date on which treatment was started. It will be the date that patient first received treatment at your health facility

  • Example: Francis Mulenga first began TB treatment on 15 January 2005.


Omang passport1

Omang/Passport #

  • In addition to TB registration, the Omang or passport number must be collected for each TB patient.

  • How to fill in this column: Fill in the omang number or other identification number of each TB patient in the space provided. If the patient does not have an identification number, leave this column blank.

  • Example: Francis Mulenga’s omang number is 123456789


Transfer in

Transfer in

  • This records how many patients have transferred to your health facility from another health facility or district

  • How to fill in this column: The correct responses for this column are:

    • “N” = newly registered – the patient has ‘not’ been registered in another health facility before

    • “T” = transfer in from a health facility in another district

    • “M” for moved in from another health facility in the same district

  • If the response is “T” or M”, you should also record the name of the transferring health facility and/or district in the “Remarks” section

  • Example: Francis Mulenga is a newly registered patient


Name in full

Name in Full

  • How to fill in this column: The patient’s surname goes on the upper line, and the patient’s first name goes on the lower line. If the patient has a middle name, write that in the space as well


Module 8 tb recording and reporting

Sex

  • How to fill in this column: The correct responses for this column are “M” for male and “F” for female

  • Example: Francis Mulenga is male or “M”


Module 8 tb recording and reporting

Age

  • How to fill in this section: The correct response for this column is age in years. If the patient is a child under one year old, write the number number of months followed by /12. E.G., 6 months would be 6/12.

  • If the patient doesn’t know their age

    • Look on the OPD

    • Ask year of birth

    • Ask a family member


Physical address

Physical Address

  • This column records the physical place of residence for each TB patient, as well as the alternative or village address. Even if the patient does not have a street address or plot number, fill this column out as completely as possible

  • How to fill in this column: The best description of where the patient lives should be written in this column

  • Example: Francis Mulenga lives in a blue house near the Shell petrol station in plot 45. Record this info as “patient lives in blue house near Shell petrol station in plot 45.” Also record Francis’s home village of Cattle Post 49 in Mahalapye


Patient category1

Patient Category

  • The proper category of patient is necessary to determine the appropriate treatment regimen. All patients should be interviewed regarding previous TB treatment, and a specific drug history should be taken.

  • How to fill in this column: Mark the column with the appropriate option

    • “N” = NEW

    • “F” = FAILURE

    • “D” = DEFAULT

    • “R” = RELAPSE

  • Example: Francis Mulenga has never been treated for TB. Therefore, “N” for “NEW” would be recorded in the column


Disease classification

Disease Classification

  • Disease classification should be recorded in this column. Pulmonary disease means TB of the lungs, and includes patients who are smear-positive or smear-negative. All other types of TB are classified as extrapulmonary disease

  • How to fill in this column: The correct responses for this column are “P” for pulmonary TB, “EP” for extrapulmonary TB, or “Both” for both pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB. In the case of "EP", indicate the site that has been affected in the next column

  • Example: Francis Mulenga has pulmonary TB; “P” is recorded in the column


Site of extrapulmonary

Site of Extrapulmonary

  • This column specifies the location of TB disease in each patient.

  • How to fill in this column: The correct responses for this column are:

    • lymph nodes

    • pleura

    • meninges

    • bones/joints

    • miliary

    • other sites

  • Example: Francis Mulenga has pulmonary TB, so this column is left blank


Treatment start date and regimen

Treatment Start Date and Regimen

  • This column records the date the patient began treatment for TB, as well as what regimen the patient is taking

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the upper space with the date the patient began TB treatment. Fill in the appropriate drug regimen in the lower space

  • Example: Francis Mulenga received the standard treatment for a newly registered TB patient


Sputum smear results pre treatment

Sputum Smear Results: Pre-treatment

  • This column records the date and result of the patient’s pre-treatment sputum smear result. In all cases except young children, three sputum examinations should be done

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the date of collection of sputum. The correct responses for the Results column are “P” for positive and “N” for negative. Indicate the grading of the sputum result (i.e. scanty, +, ++, +++)

  • Example: Francis Mulenga gave three sputum specimens for examination, one on 12th January and two on 13th January. The results were “+++”, “++”, and “+++”, respectively. Fill in the column as shown above


Sputum smear results end of intensive phase 2 months

Sputum Smear Results: End of intensive phase (2 months)

  • Two sputum smears should be done after two months of treatment. This column records the date and result of the patient’s sputum smear at the end of the intensive phase of TB treatment

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the date of collection of sputum. The correct responses for the Results column are “P” for positive and “N” for negative. Indicate the grading of the sputum result (i.e. scanty, +, ++, +++)

  • Example: Francis Mulenga gave one sputum specimen for examination on 15th March. The result was negative


Sputum smear results end of treatment 6 months1

Sputum Smear Results:End of Treatment (6 months)

  • Two sputum examinations should be done at the end of six months of treatment, however only one negative smear is sufficient at the end of Category I treatment

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the the date of collection of sputum. The correct responses are “P” for positive and “N” for negative. Indicate the grading of the sputum result (i.e. scanty, +, ++, +++)

  • Example: Francis Mulenga gave two sputum specimens for examination on 5th July. The results were negative


Sputum smear results end of treatment 8 months1

Sputum Smear Results – End of Treatment (8 months)

  • Category II patients should receive two sputum examinations at end of treatment (8 months).

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the date of collection of sputum. The correct responses for the Results column are “P” for positive and “N” for negative. Indicate the grading of the sputum result (i.e. scanty, +, ++, +++)

  • Example: Francis Mulenga was not a retreatment case, and therefore does not have sputum smear results at 8 months. Leave this section blank


Culture

Culture

  • This column records the date and TB culture results. ALL RETREATMENT patients should have a culture and DST at start of treatment

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the date of the culture result. The correct responses for the Results column are “P” for positive and “N” for negative. If the patient has drug sensitivity results listed on the treatment card, record these results in the “Remarks” section

  • Example: Francis Mulenga did not have a culture done, so this column would be left blank


Treatment compliance1

Treatment Compliance

  • This column records the patient’s adherence to DOT on a monthly basis

  • How to fill in this column: Compliance is expressed as the proportion of "days of treatment attended" over "days of treatment expected" for each calendar month

  • Example: if Francis Mulenga took all 17 treatments in January, and this is the first month of treatment, record “17/17” because there are only 17 days available in that month for the patient to receive treatment. If Francis took only 24 of the 29 possible treatments for the second month, this would be recorded as “24/29”


Hiv status1

HIV Status

  • This section records the HIV test results for up to two tests for each TB patient. If the patient refuses an HIV test, record that in the “Remarks” section.

  • How to fill in this column: The correct responses for this column are either “P” for positive or “N” for negative. If the test was not done, leave this column blank and record the reason for not performing the test in the “Remarks” section

  • Example: Francis Mulenga tested HIV negative on 15 January 2005. Record “N” and the date


Antiretroviral therapy art and art start date

Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) and ART Start Date

  • Record all TB patients that are currently receiving ART, or that began ART while on TB treatment.

  • How to fill in this column: The correct responses for this column are either “Y” ( yes), “N” (no), “NA” (not applicable). If the patient is HIV-infected, but is not on ART, leave this column BLANK, as they may begin taking ART at some point during their treatment. The remarks column should be used to record whether the patient has been evaluated for ART yet. This is extremely important.

  • Example: Francis Mulenga is HIV negative, and is therefore not on ART. Record “NA” for not applicable


Isoniazid preventive therapy ipt before tb diagnosis

Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) before TB Diagnosis

  • Some TB patients may already know their HIV status prior to being diagnosed with active TB, and may have received IPT to treat their latent TB infection. The new TB register has a column for recording any history of IPT in each TB patient

  • How to fill in this column: The correct responses for this column are either “Y” for yes if the patient has received or is receiving IPT as part of the IPT programme, or “N” for no if the patient has never received IPT. All patients should be asked if they have ever taken IPT in the past

  • Example: Francis Mulenga does not have any history of IPT; Record “N” for NO in this column


Ipt start date

IPT Start Date

  • As mentioned above, HIV-infected individuals may have received IPT prior to their TB diagnosis. The new TB register has a column to record the start date for IPT

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the date the patient began IPT. If the patient was never on IPT, leave this column blank

  • Example: Francis Mulenga does not have any history of IPT, record “N” for NO


Tb treatment stop date

TB Treatment Stop Date

  • This column records the date the patient stopped or completed TB treatment

  • How to fill in this column: Using the format “dd/mm/yy”, fill in the TB treatment stop date

  • Example: Francis Mulenga stopped treatment on 07 July 2005


Outcome of treatment 1

Outcome of Treatment (1)

  • “C” = CURED: Initially smear-positive patient who is smear-negative in the last month of treatment and on at least one previous occasion

  • “TC”= TREATMENT COMPLETED: Patient who has completed treatment but does not meet the criteria to be classified as cure or a failure

  • “F” = TREATMENT FAILURE: Patient who is sputum smear-positive at 5 months or later during treatment

  • “D” = DIED: Patient who dies for any reason during treatment

  • “I” = DEFAULTED/INTERRUPTED: Patient whose treatment was interrupted for two consecutive months or more

  • “TO” = TRANSFERRED OUT: Patient who has been transferred to another reporting district for whom treatment outcome is not known

  • “MO” = MOVED OUT: Patient who moved out to another facility in the same reporting unit


Outcome of treatment 2

Outcome of Treatment (2)

  • Categorize the TB treatment outcome for each patient

  • How to fill in this column: fill in the column with the appropriate outcome

  • Example: Francis Mulenga was initially smear-positive, but converted to smear-negative after two months of treatment. He remained smear-negative at the end of treatment

  • Therefore, he is considered cured; “C” should be recorded in the column


Remarks1

Remarks

  • This column records specific information not captured by any of the other columns about each TB patient

  • How to fill in this column: Following are examples of what can be written in this column:

    • “Patient’s wife is HIV positive”

    • “CD4 count =50 on 12/03/05”

  • Example: Francis Mulenga’s wife is HIV-infected, so you would record this information in the remarks section. This remark should also be a reminder that Francis should be offered another HIV test during his treatment


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