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Ancient Americans. Section 1.1. Main Idea. People arrived on the American continents thousands of years ago and developed flourishing societies. North America. 1 st Americans Crossed over the Bering Strait over 8,000 years ago Migrated during Ice Age

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Ancient americans

Ancient Americans

Section 1.1


Main idea
Main Idea

  • People arrived on the American continents thousands of years ago and developed flourishing societies.


North america
North America

  • 1st Americans

    • Crossed over the Bering Strait over 8,000 years ago

    • Migrated during Ice Age

    • Spread all throughout North America, South America, and Caribbean

    • Nomads: moved form place to place.


Agricultural revolution
Agricultural Revolution

  • 10,000 to 4,000 BCE

  • Humans began developing systematic agriculture

  • Domestication of animals for food and labor

  • Cultivation of wild crops

  • Why would this change human life?


Answer
Answer

  • Humans had limited control over their environment.

  • Humans could abandon their nomadic lifestyle.

  • Communities could develop.

  • A stable food supply = larger population

    • More free time to create and think


Cultures of mesoamerica
Cultures of Mesoamerica

The ancient civilizations of the Olmec, Maya, and Aztec developed sophisticated societies long before European contact.

Each developed written language and complex social structures.

Located in Mexico and Central America, their respective empires covered much land.

All 3 civilizations created huge pyramids that still stand today.


Inca

  • Dominated South America before European arrival.

  • Excellent engineers (created roads and cities).

  • Largest of all pre-Columbian Indian groups.



Mound builders
Mound Builders

  • Developed agriculture

  • Created hug earthen mounds for tombs

  • Lived from the great lakes to the Gulf of Mexico (Eastern US)

  • Also known as the Hopewell or Mississippian people




Anasazi
Anasazi

  • Southwest US (desert)

  • Dug long canals to irrigate fields

  • Lived in pueblos, could be several stories high

  • Like most American Indians they farmed corn, beans, and squash.



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