Alexander Builds an Empire. Do Now. How di d the government of Athens change following the fall of the Thirty Tyrants? What caused the Greek city-states to become unstable?. The End of Greek Independence. Macedonia was an area north of the Greek city-states on the Balkan Peninsula.
How did the government of Athens change following the fall of the Thirty Tyrants?
What caused the Greek city-states to become unstable?
Macedonia was an area north of the Greek city-states on the Balkan Peninsula.
Philip of Macedonia ended the independence of the Greek city-states.
In 338 B.C., Philip’s army fought Greek soldiers at the Battle of Chaeronea. The Macedonians were victorious, and King Philip claimed the Greek city-states.
His son Alexander, then 20 years old, rose to the throne in 336 B.C.
Philip of Macedonia
To rule many different peoples, Alexander adopted some of their customs and allowed them some degree of self-rule. This practice made people more willing to accept him as their new king.
Alexander wanted to conquer more of India, however, his soldiers refused to go on.
This conflict caused the empire to split into separate kingdoms. The three largest of these – Macedonia, Syria, and Egypt – often fought with one another.
The lighthouse in Alexandria is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Did work in geometry, the study of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids. He is sometimes called the father of geometry.
Used mathematics, including geometry, to estimate, quite closely, Earth’s diameter and circumference.
She was an Egyptian mathematician and philosopher who headed a school of philosophy in Alexandria. She developed many theories in mathematics and invented tools for measuring the properties of water.
Remember: Hypatia had to stay hydrated!
Used mathematics to invent many machines, including water pumps. He also explained how pulleys and levers work.
Archimedes is reported to have said, “Give me a lever long enough and I will move the world.”
*Remember the “M” in Archimedes = mathematics and machines
Used mathematics to discover that Earth rotates and moves in a path around the sun. He also tried to calculate the size of the sun and the moon.
Remember Aristarchus studied the stars
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