Rise of New Leaders
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 29

Rise of New Leaders and Ideas in Europe during the 1930s PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 88 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Rise of New Leaders and Ideas in Europe during the 1930s. Democracy. Rule by the people Civil Rights Representative democracy Capitalism – private business, no government ownership, free market Rule of Law. Canada and USA, 1930s. Mired in a Depression High Unemployment Poverty Hunger

Download Presentation

Rise of New Leaders and Ideas in Europe during the 1930s

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Rise of New Leaders

and Ideas in Europe during the 1930s


Democracy

Democracy

  • Rule by the people

  • Civil Rights

  • Representative democracy

  • Capitalism – private business, no government ownership, free market

  • Rule of Law


Canada and usa 1930s

Canada and USA, 1930s

  • Mired in a Depression

  • High Unemployment

  • Poverty

  • Hunger

    Was capitalism failing?! Was democracy in Danger?!


In other parts of the world

in other parts of the world…

No!

Democracy was kept safe here . . .

But


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Who Would You Vote For?

Contestant #1 I am a womanizer, have self-interested policies and unfortunately suffer from ailing health.

Contestant #2I have a drinking habit and a defiant tongue or attitude

Contestant #3I am a decorated war hero, do not drink and want to create a stable economy


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Who Did You Vote For?

Contestant #3

Contestant #2

Contestant #1


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Black Tuesday 1929- stock market crashes

Treaty of Versailles

Great Depressionduring 1930s

Totalitarianism

Increasing influence of new political parties that emphasize state control-For example: Communism, Nazism, Fascism

Total Controlof State by aDictator


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Totalitarianism

  • What is it?

  • Describe its characteristics…


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Totalitarianism

  • Government establishes complete control of all aspects of the state(political, military, economy, social, cultural)

  • Highly nationalistic (flags, salutes, rallies, uniforms)

  • Strict controls and laws

  • Military state (secret police, army, military)

  • Censorship (opposing literature and ideas)

  • Propaganda (media – radio, newspapers, posters)

  • One leader (dictator); charismatic

  • Total conformity of people to ideas and leader

  • Terror and Fear


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Totalitarianism

*These theories, specifically Communism and Fascism, are completely different theories that are bitterly opposed; however they exhibit the same behaviour


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Communism

  • I am Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union from 1922-1953.

  • What is Communism?

  • LEFT WING

  • based on theory by Karl Marx

  • revolutionary idea of a political, economic and social system that creates a “classless society”

  • state ownership and control of the means of production (no private ownership)

  • Soviet Communism or “Stalinism”, was more of a totalitarian and military state combined with elements of communism


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Fascism

  • I am Benito Mussolini the leader (Il Duce) of Italy from 1922 to 1943.

  • What is Fascism?

  • RIGHT WING

  • intense nationalism and elitism

  • totalitarian control

  • interests of the state more important than individual rights

  • maintain class system and private ownership

Interesting Fact: Fascism name was derived from the fasces, an ancient Roman symbol of authority consisting of a bundle of rods and an ax


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Nazism

  • I am Adolf Hitler the leader (der Fuhrer) or dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945.

  • What is Nazism?

  • extremely fascist , nationalistic and totalitarian

  • based on beliefs of the National Socialist German Workers Party

  • belief in the racial superiority of the Aryan, the “master race”

  • belief that all Germans should have “lebensraum” or living space in Europe

  • Violent hatred towards Jews and blamed Germany’s problems on them


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Japan

  • Militarism

  • War is main policy of government

  • Use of force to reach goals

  • Strong Army

Rising Sun Japanese Imperial Flag

Emperor Hirohito


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Hideki Tojo

  • Preached virtues of territorial expansion

  • Needed to conquer – gain more land

  • Japan poor in natural resources

  • Claimed Japan’s destiny was to drive out the western colonial powers and rule all of Asia

  • Censored media and demanded totalobedience


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Spain

  • Spanish Civil War, 1936

  • Francisco Franco vs. Republic Government

  • Spain the place to stop the rise of Fascism?

  • Democracies looked the other way, remained neutral (U.S., Britain, France)

  • Hitler aided Franco, tested out strategies/weapons for future conflicts in his quest to enlarge Germany

Falange

Francisco Franco


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Nazi Controls


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

Nazi Military State

  • GESTAPO: the Secret State Police

  • SS (Schutzstaffel): Defense Corps “black shirts”, an elite guard unit formed out of the SA

  • SA (Sturmabteilung): Stormtroopers "brown-shirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political parties

  • Lebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into east

  • Wehrmacht:German army

  • HJ (Hitler Jugend): Hitler Youth

  • Einstazgruppen: Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing units

  • Volk:all inclusive concept of nation, people and race, implying the superiority of German culture and race; led to policy of Volksgemeinschaft (idea of a harmonized racial Nazi community in government policies and programs)


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkSFIw6vePM&feature=related


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

“The Eternal Jew”Depiction of a Jew holding gold coins in one hand and a whip in the other. Under his arm is a map of the world, with the imprint of the hammer and sickle. Posters like this promoted a sharp rise in anti-Semitic feelings, and in some cases violenceagainst the Jewish community.

This Nazi propaganda poster reads, ‘Behind the enemy powers: the Jew.


Policy of appeasement

Policy of Appeasement

Appeasement

  • willingness to surrender to an aggressors’ demands to avoid war

    How was it used prior to World War II?

  • Acceptance that Hitler could not be stopped and needed to be negotiated with (even at the expense of the smaller independent countries)

  • Accepted because of sympathy and guilt felt by Britain and USA of unjust Treaty of Versailles

    Reality

  • Blindness to true nature of Hitler’s agenda program for Eastern Europe

  • Irony= policy used to avoid war but empowered Hitler to continue his aggressive campaign . The only way to stop Hitler was to declare war.


Rise of new leaders and ideas in europe during the 1930s

STEPS TO WAR

How did World War II begin?

How did appeasement contribute to World War II?http://www.markville.ss.yrdsb.edu.on.ca/history/history/quotes.pdf


Reflect

Reflect

  • Was the Treaty of Versailles truly the cause of World War II? Or appeasement?

  • What do we have to remember about hindsight when examining history?

  • Could Hitler have been ‘stopped’ at any time prior to 1939?

  • What was Canada’s view of appeasement and another potential war? What was “isolationism” ?


  • Login