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Affect vs. effect. Jelena Basta [email protected] to affect ( ∂ ’ fekt ). AFFECT (verb) = to have an influence, to influence ( UTICATI NA, POGODITI, ZADESITI ) Seeing thin models affects a young girl\'s self image. An earthquake affected Japan two years ago.

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to affect fekt
to affect (∂’fekt)
  • AFFECT (verb) = to have an influence, to influence (UTICATI NA, POGODITI, ZADESITI)

Seeing thin models affects a young girl\'s self image.

An earthquake affected Japan two years ago.

NO preposition ON after ‘affect’ !!!

NOT

Seeing thin models affects ON a young girl\'s self image.

An earthquake affected ON Japan two years ago.

an effect n i fekt
an effect (n.) - (i’fekt)
  • AN EFFECT (noun) —  A RESULT / A CONSEQUENCE/ AN IMPRESSION (UTICAJ, DEJSTVO)

Boycotts havean effect ON company profits. 

Loss of profits will have an effectON company managers. 

  • The noun “effect” is commonly followed by the preposition ON.
an effect n i fekt1
an effect (n.) -(i’fekt)
  • Typical expressions with the noun “effect”:

to have an effect ON sth.

cause and effect – uzrokiposledica

the effect OF sth. ON sth.

IN effect – in essence (u suštini)

to come/go INTO effect – stupitinasnagu, postatipunovažan, pravosnažan

take effect – dati rezultate

to the effect - to the extent – do te mere

personal effects – lične stvari, lična svojina

REMEMBER THESE EXPRESSIONS!!!

an effect n i fekt2
an effect (n.) -(i’fekt)
  • Examples:
  • She became thin to the effect she was too weak to walk and fainted often.
  • When she left, she took her personal effects with her.
  • The law will go into effect at the first of the year.
  • The new law would take effect immediately. 
  • Glamorous images have an effect on young girls.
  • They stopped hiring too-thin models which in effect meant the models would need to gain some weight to be hired.
an effect n i fekt3
an effect (n.) -(i’fekt)

Typical adjectives that

precede the noun “effect”:

adverse -neželjen

beneficial - koristan

considerable -značajan

cumulative - kumulativni

damaging - štetan

detrimental - poguban

dramatic

harmful

immediate

knock-on – sekundarni, domino

major

negative

positive

profound -dalekosežan

serious

side – sporedni, nus

significant

substantial -značajan

an effect n i fekt4
an effect (n.) -(i’fekt)

Examples:

A side effect – nus pojava

An adverse effect – neželjeno, negativno dejstvo

A knock-on effekt – domino efekat

A profound effect – dalekosežno dejstvo

A cumulative effect – kumulativno dejstvo (poput onog koje ima dugoročno uzimanje droga i nekih lekova)

e.g. Drugs have a cumulative ___________ on human beings.

If you see some of the above-mentioned adjectives, add the noun “effect”.

an effect n i fekt5
an effect (n.) -(i’fekt)

Examples:

  • She became thin to the effect she was too weak to walk and fainted often.
  • When she left, she took her personal effects with her.
  • The law will go into effect at the first of the year.
  • The new law would take effect immediately. 
  • Glamorous images have an effect on young girls.
  • They stopped hiring too-thin models which in effect meant the models would need to gain some weight to be hired.
to effect v i fekt
to effect (v.) -(i’fekt)

TO EFFECT (verb) -to make something happen

- to carry out

- sprovesti, izvršiti, obaviti

  • Managers can effect change if they choose to do the right thing.
  • Payment should beeffectedby Friday.
  • Production was stopped until we effectedthe repairs.
  • This plan will surely effect significant improvements in our productivity.
t o effect v i fekt
To effect (v.) - (i’fekt)
  • What can you effect? Words that typically follow the verb “EFFECT”:

achange

a settlement

TO EFFECT a decision

a payment

a repair

an improvement

a rule

a sale

AND, many other words! The list is not exhaustive.

slide11
TIPS
  • A tip for the test:

First, identify the TENSE, and then decide which word you will need.

Observe prepositions or typical adjectives and phrases which might help you.

Always think about the meaning of the sentence.

If you have a FB account, take a look at the exercise http://www.facebook.com/groups/145178842255775/doc/234457206661271/

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