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Electric Transportation Cedric Daniels. 03/17/2010. Outline. Introduction Non-Road Market On-Road Market Electric Transportation Research. INTRODUCTION. 3. Why Electric Transportation?. Energy Independence Efficient Performance Environmental Flexibility. NON-ROAD MARKET. 5.

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Electric transportation cedric daniels

Electric TransportationCedric Daniels

03/17/2010


Outline
Outline

Introduction

Non-Road Market

On-Road Market

Electric Transportation Research



Why electric transportation
Why Electric Transportation?

Energy Independence

Efficient Performance

Environmental Flexibility



Non road market1
Non-Road Market

  • Rail Yards

  • Seaports

  • Airports

  • Forklifts

  • Mining Equipment

  • Dredging Equipment

  • Overland Conveyors

  • Truck-stop Electrification


Non road future
Non-Road Future

Wide Span Crane

Electric Railways and Switchyards

Plug-in Hybrid Yard Tractor

Ship Cold Ironing

Electric Tractor Testing

Electric Container Loader



Battery technology

Battery Requirement for EV

600

500

400

EVs Now

Battery Pack Weight (kg)

300

200

100

0

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Battery Energy (kWh)

EVs of 90s

Battery Technology

Tesla Roadster



Terminology and definitions
Terminology and Definitions

EV

Tesla Roadster; Dodge Zeo

HEV or PHEV

Saturn Vue; Toyota Prius

EREV

GM Chevy Volt

Grid e-

Parallel Hybrid: Both electric motor and mechanical drivetrain drive the vehicle

Conventional Vehicle:Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) is the only propulsion source

Series Hybrid: Only electric motor drives the vehicle, no mechanical drivetrain

Electric Vehicle: Only grid electricity charges the battery

11


Alabama power today
Alabama Power Today

Ford Escape PHEV

Tesla Roadster EV

?

Chevrolet Volt EREV

GM PHEV

Ford F-550 PHEV



Major OEM PEV Announced Production Levels for U.S.

* Remaining Manufacturers include: Volkswagen, Daimler, BMW, Think, Miles, BYD




Outdoor electric lift truck demo
Outdoor Electric Lift Truck Demo.

  • Results:

    • Electrics perform equally to combustion

    • No weather related issues

    • Drivers preferred electric


Electrification of a container loader
Electrification of a Container Loader

  • Project Description:

    • ATL airport

    • Retrofit of a Container Loader

  • Project Results:

    • Performance is equivalent to diesel

    • Cost savings of 80%


Plug in hybrid yard tractor
Plug-in Hybrid Yard Tractor

  • EPRI: SCE, Centerpoint Energy, NYPA, and Southern Company.

  • Operation is equivalent to diesel

  • Objectives:

    • Grid Impacts

    • PHEV Efficiency

    • Diesel vs. Hybrid

    • Reliability

    • User acceptance


Electric all terrain vehicle
Electric All Terrain Vehicle

20

  • Objectives:

    • Environmental impact

    • Typical use

    • Gasoline vs. Electric

  • Testing:

    • Utility Fleet

    • Military Applications

    • Other…



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