golden rules for beginner and small herd pig farmers
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GOLDEN RULES For beginner and small herd pig farmers. Seven important headings: Marketing Breeding Housing Feeding Welfare Health Biosecurity. Marketing. Make sure there is someone who is going to buy your pigs and pay for them; Decide which type of pig you are going to sell: Weaners

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golden rules for beginner and small herd pig farmers

GOLDEN RULESFor beginner and small herd pig farmers

Seven important headings:

Marketing

Breeding

Housing

Feeding

Welfare

Health

Biosecurity

marketing
Marketing
  • Make sure there is someone who is going to buy your pigs and pay for them;
  • Decide which type of pig you are going to sell:
  • Weaners
  • Porkers, or
  • Baconers

3. Make sure you can finance all the expenses until your first pigs are ready to sell

records are important
Records are important

Tattoos are compusoryInformal records are OK

breeding
Breeding
  • Decide what type of pig will suit your farm best;
  • Don’t buy other people’s problems
  • Plan a program that is going to fit your resources –
    • Cash
    • Feed
    • housing
breeds to think about
Breeds to think about

Large WhiteSA Landrace

Duroc

Kolbrook

c

housing
Housing

1, Indoors or outdoors or both;

2. Basic protection against sun and cold does not have to be expensive;

3. Mothers and babies are special and need extra care

welfare
Welfare
  • Pigs must be protected against thirst, hunger, pain, fear, extreme heat and cold, diseases;
  • Pigs in pens are entirely dependent on their care givers for all their needs;
  • Certain procedures may be done by stockmen, such as: injecting, tattooing, wound treatment, tail-clipping
health and disease
Health and disease
  • Three common problems:-

1. Malnutrition – food is too little, too watery, rotten or toxic;

  • 2. Scours (diarrhoea) in young pigs
  • 3. Mange: itchy diseased skin – pigs of all ages
biosecurity
Biosecurity
  • 1. Diseases are spread mainly by pigs, people, bad food, vehicles, workers;
  • 2. Protect your pigs with: pig-proof fence, locked gate,

healthy replacement stock, no speculators on site; Never feed swill from restaurants or harbours or food that contains animal tissues ;

3. Use the help that is available from Veterinarians, nutritionists, animal scientists

.

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Disinfection must be well doneGood fences payControlled accessTransport vehicles must be clean

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