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GOLDEN RULES For beginner and small herd pig farmers PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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GOLDEN RULES For beginner and small herd pig farmers. Seven important headings: Marketing Breeding Housing Feeding Welfare Health Biosecurity. Marketing. Make sure there is someone who is going to buy your pigs and pay for them; Decide which type of pig you are going to sell: Weaners

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GOLDEN RULES For beginner and small herd pig farmers

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GOLDEN RULESFor beginner and small herd pig farmers

Seven important headings:

Marketing

Breeding

Housing

Feeding

Welfare

Health

Biosecurity


Marketing

  • Make sure there is someone who is going to buy your pigs and pay for them;

  • Decide which type of pig you are going to sell:

  • Weaners

  • Porkers, or

  • Baconers

    3.Make sure you can finance all the expenses until your first pigs are ready to sell


Records are important

Tattoos are compusoryInformal records are OK


Breeding

  • Decide what type of pig will suit your farm best;

  • Don’t buy other people’s problems

  • Plan a program that is going to fit your resources –

    • Cash

    • Feed

    • housing


Breeds to think about

Large WhiteSA Landrace

Duroc

Kolbrook

c


Housing

1,Indoors or outdoors or both;

2.Basic protection against sun and cold does not have to be expensive;

3.Mothers and babies are special and need extra care


Welfare

  • Pigs must be protected against thirst, hunger, pain, fear, extreme heat and cold, diseases;

  • Pigs in pens are entirely dependent on their care givers for all their needs;

  • Certain procedures may be done by stockmen, such as: injecting, tattooing, wound treatment, tail-clipping


Health and disease

  • Three common problems:-

    1.Malnutrition – food is too little, too watery, rotten or toxic;

  • 2.Scours (diarrhoea) in young pigs

  • 3.Mange: itchy diseased skin – pigs of all ages


Biosecurity

  • 1.Diseases are spread mainly by pigs, people, bad food, vehicles, workers;

  • 2.Protect your pigs with: pig-proof fence, locked gate,

    healthy replacement stock, no speculators on site; Never feed swill from restaurants or harbours or food that contains animal tissues ;

    3.Use the help that is available from Veterinarians, nutritionists, animal scientists

    .


Disinfection must be well doneGood fences payControlled accessTransport vehicles must be clean


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