Medicines
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medicines. mind-altering drugs. mind-altering drugs. l ysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), mescaline, psilocybin tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is found in cannabis. Effects of LSD, mescaline, psilocybin .

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Medicines

medicines

mind-altering drugs


Mind altering drugs

mind-altering drugs

  • lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD),

  • mescaline,

  • psilocybin

  • tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is found in cannabis.


Effects of lsd mescaline psilocybin

Effects of LSD, mescaline, psilocybin

  • All three cause hallucinations i.e. hearing of voices and seeing of images which appear realistic but which do not exist. This because they disrupt the activity of the brain transmitter serotonin which is involved in the processing of hearing and sight.

  • In addition, each hallucinogenic also causes their own effects.


Differences

differences


Similarities in structure

similarities in structure

All three contain

  • benzene ring

  • amine group


Medicines

LSD

  • indole ring = a benzene ring to which is attached (fused) a five-membered ring with a nitrogen atom and a double carbon-carbon bond

  • amide

  • 2 alkene - double bonds

  • 2 amine groups: a secondary amine and a tertiary amine


Mescaline

mescaline

  • no indole ring

  • primary amine

  • ether

    (3 groups)


Psilocybin

psilocybin

  • indole ring

  • secondary amine

  • has an ionic end/tertiary amine ion

  • a phosphate group


Effects of cannabis

effects of cannabis

The active ingredient in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and this has the following effects:

  • loss of sense of time

  • confusion

  • light-headedness

  • sense of floating

  • loss of inhibitions

  • euphoria

  • mental relaxation


Structure of tetrahydrocannabinol

Structure oftetrahydrocannabinol

  • phenol group,

  • ether

  • double carbon-carbon bond


Legalize

legalize


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