Protestant Reformation. What abuses did you find within the Catholic Church?. Abuses in the Church. Nepotism: Appointing one’s own relations as cardinals or bishops whether they were suitable or not. Simony: buying or selling important Church positions.
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Remember that you are able to release them, for
As soon as the coin in the coffer rings,
The soul from purgatory springs.
Will you not then for a quarter of a florin receive these letters of indulgence through which you are able to lead a divine and immortal soul into the fatherland of paradise?”
It is Sunday morning. You are preparing to attend worship services at a local church. As you are about to enter the church, a church official greets your family with a collection plate and asks if you would like to buy some forgiveness this morning. Your parents place some money in the plate while you put in two quarters. You remember you had lied to your mother earlier in the week, and you want to buy back that indiscretion. A quarter should do it. You always buy a little forgiveness for dearly departed Uncle Harry who died two years ago. You figure Uncle Harry needs a lot of sins removed, so you usually buy back one or two each time you come to church.
Your family settles into a pew and prays silently. There will be another collection after the priest conducts a good part of the service in a foreign language that no one in your family understands.
The priest does finally address you in a comprehendible language when he gives his hour-long sermon in which you get to hear bits and pieces of the Bible. You have heard that the Bible is the word of God, but at eight hundred dollars a copy, your family has not been able to afford one. Your parents have stated that there is no need for the expense of a Bible since the priest tells them exactly what to believe in it and interprets it for them.
As you are exiting the church, you place another quarter into the plate the church official is once again holding at the door as you leave. You really liked Uncle Harry and like the idea of having a certificate forgiving his sins.
Justification by faith alone. Only faith in God would decide who would be saved
The Bible is the only source of truth and authority for all Christians.
Luther replaced the Latin Mass with a Communion Service in the German language.
Both the body and blood of Christ and the bread and wine are present at Communion.
Baptism and Eucharist and penance
Priests should not be a special group. People could read the Bible for themselves, so they were as good as priests. No saints
Luther himself married a former nun, Catherine Von Bora, in 1525
Catholic Reformation had begun before Luther as high Church officials wanted to reform behavior of clergy (not Catholic doctrine). Also meant to renew spiritual fervor.
Counter-Reformation was to stop Protestant growth. Council of Trent was to reform church and secure reconciliation with Protestants.
It is 1545. Twenty-eight years have passed since Martin Luther nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. The Reformation has now spread to many countries in Europe—even to Italy, the homeland of the Roman Catholic Church. This rapid growth of Protestantism has stunned Catholic leaders and has prompted Pope Paul III to call a meeting known as the Council of Trent.
The Pope has asked you to deliver on of the opening day speeches when the council begins its meeting next week. He wants you to talk about two important matters:
Your speech should take into consideration a number of important issues:
All of your points should explain how these actions will both oppose the spread of Protestantism while at the same time reform the Catholic Church.
At communion, the bread and wine are completely changed to the body and blood of Christ. This was changed in November 2011 to consubstantiation based on the idea of misinterpreted texts.
Baptism, Penance (Confession), the Eucharist, Confirmation, Marriage, Holy Orders, Extreme Unction (last rites)
A priest is a special person who is ordained in the sacrament of Holy Orders. Only priests can offer the sacrifices of the Mass and forgive sins in Confession
No more simony, nepotism, pluralism, absenteeism
No more girlfriends allowed
Indulgences should be reasonable
New Religious Orders worked to educate and renew faith
More Fanfare: funerals, flourishing art work, lists of miracles (mostly performed only on upper class), more decoration in churches