Strengthening PRIs through Water Quality and Sanitary Surveillance
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Strengthening PRIs through Water Quality and Sanitary Surveillance A Case Study of Nanital District, Uttarakhand. Dr. ANIL KUMAR MISHRA Consultant Key Resource Center, WATSAN National Institute of Administrative Research ,LBSNAA ,Mussoorie ,India amishra12@yahoo.com.

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Strengthening PRIs through Water Quality and Sanitary Surveillance A Case Study of Nanital District, Uttarakhand

Dr. ANIL KUMAR MISHRA ConsultantKey Resource Center, WATSANNational Institute of Administrative Research ,LBSNAA ,Mussoorie ,Indiaamishra12@yahoo.com


Community led action for water safty environment sanitation clawses
COMMUNITY –LED ACTION FOR WATER SAFTY & ENVIRONMENT SANITATION (CLAWSES)

A water quality programe with community post-achievement reward scheme, piloted in DHARI Block of Nainital District, Uttarakhand province of India.


Community led action for water safty environment sanitation clawses1
COMMUNITY –LED ACTION FOR WATER SAFTY & ENVIRONMENT SANITATION (CLAWSES)

CLAWSES is an Inter Personal Communication based innovative approach to promote community involvement in National Rural Drinking Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Program


Objectives
OBJECTIVES SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • To develop participatory community water quality monitoring

  • To facilitate community analysis of all drinking water sources

  • To trigger collective realization of water source risks

  • To bring awareness of water treatment, handling, usage and management practices


Clawses methodology
CLAWSES: Methodology SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • Introduction & rapport building

  • Mapping (“3 D”) Drinking water sources, Defecation practices and Calculation of shit and expenses on diseases (medical expenses on water borne)

  • Demonstrations (Sanitary Survey, H2S vials and FTK)

  • Sanitary survey and Bacteriological testing of all drinking water sources

  • Sharing of results and development of remedial action plan

  • Facilitators follow up visit

  • Follow up visit include facilitating collection of O & M funds for Water Quality Monitoring System


Linkages

COMMUNITY SANITATION (CLAWSES)

HEALTH

CLAWSES

VWSC

School Teacher/

Govt. official/

Elected Local Leader

LINKAGES


Outcomes of clawses
OUTCOMES OF CLAWSES SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • Communities in 32 of 35 GPs assessed the risks with a sanitary survey and tested all 341 water sources for water quality

  • 14 of 32 GPs repeated H2S tests during monsoon

  • 7 GPs undertook water testing a third time

  • 10 GPs self-declared open defecation free status

  • In communities facing water scarcity, children began bringing water to use in school toilet


Outcomes of clawses conti
OUTCOMES OF CLAWSES Conti… SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • Communities survey and bacteriological test all water sources

  • Reward creates competition among communities

  • CLAWSES empowers communities to tackle poor water quality and open defecation

  • Awareness increases on water borne diseases and source protection.

  • Health and dignity become primary

  • Financial issues become secondary

  • Natural leaders emerge during the

  • CLAWSES process to lead change


Outcomes of clawses conti1
OUTCOMES OF CLAWSES Conti… SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • After CLAWSES, village solidarity increases

  • Follow-up with natural leaders is critical

  • Self-motivated villagers can facilitate CLAWSES

  • 32 of 35 GPs have formed committees

  • Every family in 32 of 35 GPs is contributing Rs 5 per month for O&M.

  • Communities are ensuring sustainability without external support

  • Results of CLAWSES are encouraging and could be replicated


Evaluation criteria
Evaluation Criteria SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • GPs are invited to apply for a performance – based reward. Qualifying GPs plead their case to evaluation committees.

  • Evaluation Committee then visits and score short listed GPs physically verifying and evaluating outcomes on a 100 point scale.

  • Evaluation Criteria includes chemical testing of water sources, save usage & handling of water, personal hygiene and hand washing, solid waste management, elimination of OD, communities contribution etc.


Rewards
Rewards SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • After evaluation four prizes was distributed among the top performing four GPs.

    Ist Prize - Rs. 70,000/-

    IInd Prize - Rs. 60,000/-

    IIIrd Prize - Rs. 50,000/-

    IVth Prize - Rs. 20,000/-


Highlights of the program
Highlights of the Program SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • Community Empowerment: Community are able to conduct Sanitary Survey and bacteriological testing of water sources (using the H2S vials, on their own.

  • Competitive Spirit Building: Launch of reward scheme creates a spirit of competition among members of local self-government to institutionalize water quality surveillance in villages

  • Enhanced community level governance: CLAWSES methodology is empowering process that helps communities tackle issues of poor water quality and open defecation

  • Increased Awareness Level: Villages awareness level increases on water born disease and water source protection


  • Acknowledgement SANITATION (CLAWSES)

  • World Bank India, DDWS Government of India, District Project Management Unit Bhimtal, Knowledge Links, UNICEF – India,

  • Director, UAOA, Nanital

  • Deputy Director ((Training) UAOA, Nanital

  • Director PMU, Swajal Project, Dehradun


Thanks SANITATION (CLAWSES)


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