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OVEREATING STUDIES (individual subjects). Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971. OVEREATING STUDIES (individual subjects). Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971. OVEREATING STUDIES (individual subjects).

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OVEREATING STUDIES

(individual subjects)

Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971.


OVEREATING STUDIES

(individual subjects)

Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971.


OVEREATING STUDIES

(individual subjects)

Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971.


OVEREATING STUDIES

(individual subjects)

Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971.


OVEREATING STUDIES

(individual subjects)

Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971.


OVEREATING STUDIES

(individual subjects)

Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971.


Inflammation

Insulin Resistance

↓ NO

Insulin Resistance

↓ Fibrinolysis

Vasoconstriction

TNF α

Insulin

Resistance

IL-6

PAI-1

Resistin

Angiotensin

Insulin Resistance

Adiponectin


NUTRITION IN OBESITY

Percent Fat

Caloric Intake


OBESITY

Sedentary Pair Weighted

Sedentary Free Eaters

Exercise

Calories per Day

Oscai et al J Lipid Research 13:588-592, 1972.


OBESITY

Percent Fat (%)

Body Weight (g)


OBESITY

Fat Cell Number

Fat Cell Size


Changes in Lean & Fat Mass with Training - Men

Wilmore JH, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 54:415-425, 1983.


Changes in Lean & Fat Mass with Training - Women

Wilmore JH, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 54:415-425, 1983.


Total weight, fat mass & lean mass changes

with diet and exercise

Miller, WC et al International Journal of Obesity 21:941-947, 1997


Lean vs. Fat Mass Loss with Diet & Exercise

Fat

Weight Change (lbs)

Lean

Zuti & Golding, Physician & SportsMedicine 4:49-55, 1978


Lean vs. Fat Mass Loss In Overweight Adults

Lean

Fat

Weight Change (lbs)

Franklin, B., et al. Research Quarterly 1976.


SHORT vs. LONG BOUTS OF EXERICSE

Jakicic, et al. JAMA 282:1554-1560, 1999


ADHERENCE

Minutes per week

Jakicic, et al. JAMA 282:1554-1560, 1999


Weight Loss

Jakicic, et al. JAMA 282:1554-1560, 1999


Lifestyle Activity vs. Exercise is Weight Loss

Dunn, A.L. et al JAMA 281:327-334, 1999


MORBID OBESITY

Trend

No Wt Loss

Wt Loss

Reduce body fat in obese: Hill JO et al Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health: International Proceedings and Consensus statement, p 684-694, 1994.


PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & WEIGHT MAINTENANCE

Fogelholm, et al. Arch Int Medicine 160:2177-2184, 2000


N= 20 upper

N= 20 lower

  • UPPER:

  • Lost more on WHR

  • Lost only from Abd

  • Lost more weight

Walden et al, Am J Clin Nutr 47:229-234, 1988.

  • LOWER:

  • Lost Abd & Glut


OVEREATING STUDIES

(individual subjects)

Salans, L.B., et al. Journal of Clinical Investigation 50:1005-1011, 1971.


EXERCISE & THE FAT CELL

Tremblay, A., Int J Obesity 8:641-648, 1984.


Fitness & Fatness

Lee, C.D., et al. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 69:373-380, 1999


EXERCISE & NUTRITION

Percent Body Fat (%)

Pitts, et al Am J Physiol 246:R495, 1984


EXERCISE & METABOLIC RATE

Poehlman, E.T., Med Sci Sports Exerc 21:515-525, 1989


EXERCISE & FOOD INTAKE

Neiman, D.C., J A, Dietetic Assoc 90: 1557-1562, 1990


Postprandial Lipemia and Exercise

Aldred, H.E, et al Metabolism 43:836-841, 1994


*

*

*

*

*

*

Baseline

1 year

*


Baseline

1 year

*interaction


Baseline

1 year


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