Chapter 27 American in World War II. Section 1: Early Difficulties Section 2: The Home Front Section 3: Victory in Europe Section 4: victory in Asia. Bell Ringer 11/21/11.
Chapter 27 American in World War II
Section 1: Early Difficulties
Section 2: The Home Front
Section 3: Victory in Europe
Section 4: victory in Asia
According to the Allied and Axis strengths and weaknesses, what are 3 ways the United States countered their advantages?
300,000 women served in or Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) and Women's Air force Service Pilots (WASPS)
December 7th 1941 Japan Strikes Pearl Harbor
Defending the Philippines were more than 30,000 U.S. and 110,000 Filipino troops under overall command of General Douglas MacArthur.
Japanese bombers attacked Clark Air Force Base and overwhelmed MacArthur’s troops
Surrendered to Bataan.
Japanese forced more than 70,000 survivors to march through the jungle on their way to prison camp, estimated 5,000-11,000 died.
Stopped for water were shot
Beaten or shot otherwise
among the sick and poorly
Japanese ready to strike Australia, India, and through Hawaii to the Pacific coast of the United states
Commander Chester Nimitz did not consider the attack on Pearl Harbor to be a complete disaster, still able to halt Japanese Advance.
Stopped advance on Australia
Japanese on their way to Port Moresby, New Guinea
British and United states troops force intercepted them
Offset bitterness of losses of Pearl Harbor, Bataan
US Pacific fleet stopped Japan from getting to Hawaii. First clear naval victory 2 pronged attack over Japan
Aleutian Islands near Alaska
Midway, small islands northwest of Hawaii
Broke code and Nimitz was able to ambush Japanese attack.
August-October 1942: First major offensive in Pacific
Under command of General Alexander A. Vandergrift
Marines ashore Guadalcanal in Solomon Islands 6 months at toehold around airport
Japanese refused to surrender
Tide turns in Pacific War
Axis controlled much of Europe and lands around the Mediterranean
Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania joined Axis Powers
German U-Boats patrolled the Atlantic
German troops penetrated far into Soviet Union
Closing in on Moscow and laid siege on Leningrad
June 1942 fighting for control of Stalingrad
Finally surround Germany late 1943
Germans forbidden to surrender by Hitler while in Soviet terrible winter.
Along with Alamein they broke momentum of Axis advance.