Culture
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Have you been outside the U.S.? As you enter, write the names of any countries you have visited or lived in on the board. Use a tally mark if someone has already written it. Values Norms Assignment 3 details. Culture.

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Culture

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Culture

Have you been outside the U.S.?

As you enter, write the names of any countries you have visited or lived in on the board.

Use a tally mark if someone has already written it.

  • Values

  • Norms

  • Assignment 3 details

Culture

“From my own experience, there is no question that the speed with which you are able to achieve your goals is directly related to how clearly and how often you visualize them.”

–Charles Givens (best-selling author of financial literacy books)


Culture1

Culture

Total way of life shared by members of a community


5 characteristics of culture

5 Characteristics of Culture

  • Islearned

  • Is taken for granted (“the last thing a fish would notice is water”)

  • Is symbolic

  • Isconstantly changing

  • Effects how we perceive and evaluate the world around us


Culture exists on 3 levels

Culture exists on 3 levels 

Non-material culture

Material culture


What culture is not think of a typical multicultural day

What culture is NOTThink of a typical “multicultural day”

  • Just artifacts or material used by a people 

  • Biological traits such as race


Culture

Values: shared beliefs about what is important

  • General guidelines for behavior

  • Ex: respect for elders

  • Ideas of what people should give importance to

    What do you we value in the United States?


Values in the u s

Values in the U.S.

Sociologist Robin Williams identified the following as core values in the U.S. in 1965

  • Achievement and success

  • Individualism

  • Activity/Work

  • Efficiency and practicality

  • Science and technology

  • Material comfort

  • Love

  • Education

  • Freedom

Do we have the same values now?


Culture

Value contradictions: two different values that can contradict each other

Example: material comfort can contradict concern for the environment


Culture

Value Contradictions. Do some of these values contradict each other? How so?

  • Healthy Lifestyles

  • Concern for the Environment

  • Freedom

  • Self-fulfillment

  • Progress

  • Humanitarianism

  • Equality

  • Safety

  • Achievement and success

  • Individualism

  • Activity/Work

  • Efficiency and practicality

  • Science and technology

  • Material comfort

  • Love

  • Education

  • Religion

Example: Material comfort and concern for the environment


Culture

Ideal Culture vs Real Culture: one value that a society feels is important but may not really value

Example: education (free public education for K-12, but also lots of budget cuts)


Culture

Ideal Culture vs Real Culture: one value that a society feels is important but may not really value

Example: safety for children


Culture

Ideal culture vs. Real culture

Do we really value what we like to say we value?

Discuss in groups of 1-4

1. Pick one value.

2. What are 2 ways we do value this?

3. What are 2 ways we do not?

Love

Freedom

Equality

Work/productivity

4 mins

Healthy lifestyles

Environmental concern

Religion

  • Humanitarianism

  • (helping others)


Culture

Value contradictions: two different values that can contradict each other

Ideal Culture vs Real Culture: one value that a society feels is important but may not really value


Culture shock

Culture shock

Disorientation that occurs when entering an unfamiliar culture


Culture

Culture Shock

Disorientation that occurs when entering an unfamiliar culture

Have you had experiences with culture shock?


Ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism

  • Using your own group’s ways of doing things as a measure of what is normal

National Geographic-Roper Survey of Geographic Literacy

Asked Americans ages 18-24 which is the world’s most spoken language?

Mandarin

Russian

English

Arabic


Ethnocentrism1

Ethnocentrism

  • Has positive and negative aspects


Norms shared rules of conduct

Norms: shared rules of conduct

  • Outline what is acceptable, appropriate

  • Guide behavior

  • Based on values

    Value: respect for elders

    Norm: give up your seat on the bus if there is someone elderly standing


How do we learn norms

How do we learn norms?

  • reinforced by positive and negative sanctions

  • Sanctions: reactions people get for breaking or following norms


3 types of norms folkways mores more ays taboo

3 Types of Norms: Folkways, Mores (more-ays), Taboo


3 types of norms folkways mores more ays taboo1

3 Types of Norms: Folkways, Mores (more-ays), Taboo

Being faithful to husband/ wife

Husband and wife live in the same home

-Open marriages

-Multiple wives/husbands


Culture

3 types of norms

Mark didn’t bring a gift to his friend’s birthday party. Mark violated a ___________________________

Mark exchanged his daughter’s hand in marriage for money. In the United States this is _______________________________.

Mark was hitting his dog badly at the park . Mark has violated a _______

folkway

taboo

mos


Subcultures

Subcultures

  • Culture within larger culture

  • Have own values, customs etc,

  • Shares many values of the larger culture

    Ex: Youth culture, DJ’s, surfers, doctors


Counter cultures

Counter cultures

Culture of society as a whole

  • Holds values that stand in opposition to those of the dominant culture

  • Ex: Swingers, gangs, mafia

subculture

Counter culture


Freeganism and dumpster diving

Freeganism and dumpster diving

View Info

More details


Culture

Quick Write: 1. Do you think Freeganismis a subcultureor counter culture? 2. Why? 3. What are their values? 4. What types of norms might they follow?

Subculture:

  • Culture within larger culture

  • Has some own values, customs etc,

  • Shares many values of the parent culture

    Counter culture:

  • Holds values that stand in opposition to those of the dominant culture


Culture

Cultural Assignment #3

Due next class:

Read Ch 2: p 33-44.

A#3: Bring in a cultural artifact (any item that has meaning to you, not just ethnic culture) prepare to share what it means

*Cannot be a picture

*Cannot be car keys or cell phone

*Must be in class for points

SportsReligionPolitical ideologyInterests/hobbiesExperiences

Race/ethnicity/nationality LanguageGenderSocio-economic statusAge


Culture

3 Types of Norms: Folkways, Mores (more-ays), Taboo

Mom and Dad sleep in one room, children in another

Parents provide children with a safe place to sleep

Dad and teenage daughter sleeping in the same bed


Cultural relativism

Cultural relativism

Examining cultures without judging its elements as superior or inferior to ones own way of life

Is cultural relativism a good thing?

Can it be a bad thing?


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