History of motion capture
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History of Motion Capture. Dr. Midori Kitagawa Arts and Technology Program University of Texas at Dallas. Pioneers. Eadweard Muybridge (1830 - 1904) Etienne-Jules Marray (1830 - 1904) Max Fleischer (1883 – 1972) Harold Edgerton (1903 - 1990). Eadweard Muybridge.

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History of Motion Capture

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History of Motion Capture

Dr. Midori Kitagawa

Arts and Technology Program

University of Texas at Dallas


Pioneers

  • Eadweard Muybridge (1830 - 1904)

  • Etienne-Jules Marray (1830 - 1904)

  • Max Fleischer (1883 – 1972)

  • Harold Edgerton (1903 - 1990)


Eadweard Muybridge

  • English photographer (1830 - 1904).

  • Pioneered photographic studies of motion and motion-picture projection.


Muybridge

  • In 1872 former governor of California Stanford hired Muybridge to prove all four feet of a horse were off the ground at the same time while trotting.


Muybridge

Used multiple cameras to capture motion of animals and humans.


Muybridge


Muybridge


Etienne-Jules Marray

  • French scientist, physiologist and chronophotographer (1830 - 1904).

  • Contributed to the development of cardiology, physical instrumentation, aviation, and cinematography.


Marray

  • Developed a single camera method chronophotography.

  • Objective and precise for scientific measurements.


Marray


Marray


Marray

  • The photographs of a subject wearing Marrey's motion capture suit with markers show striking resemblance to motion capture data shown with a skeleton.


Max Fleischer

  • Animator, film director and producer (1883 - 1972).

  • Produced Betty Boop, Koko the Clown, Popeye and Superman animation.


Fleischer

  • Invented rotoscope


Fleischer

  • Affected greatly by the motion picture production code of 1930 (Hays Code).

  • Lost competition with Disney.


Harold Edgerton

  • Electrical engineer (1903 - 1990).

  • First to take high-speed color photographs.

  • Pioneered multi-flash and microsecond imagery.


Edgerton

  • Captured moments in time that were too fast to be seen by the naked with a stroboscope.


Edgerton


Early digital attempts

  • Brilliance (1984)

  • Total Recall (1990)


Brilliance (1984)

  • Produced by Robert Abel and Associates.

  • Super Bowl commercial for the Canned Food Information Council.

  • “Sexy Robot” was the first 3D character with realistic human movement.

  • Model was rotoscoped, not motion captured.


Total Recall (1990)

  • Based on Philip K. Dick’s short.

  • Airport security shots were supposed to be motion capture animation.

  • Replaced with keyframe animation.

  • Won Academy Award for visual effects.


Dr. Midori Kitagawa

[email protected]

ATEC 1.909


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