History of motion capture
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History of Motion Capture. Dr. Midori Kitagawa Arts and Technology Program University of Texas at Dallas. Pioneers. Eadweard Muybridge (1830 - 1904) Etienne-Jules Marray (1830 - 1904) Max Fleischer (1883 – 1972) Harold Edgerton (1903 - 1990). Eadweard Muybridge.

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History of Motion Capture

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History of motion capture

History of Motion Capture

Dr. Midori Kitagawa

Arts and Technology Program

University of Texas at Dallas


Pioneers

Pioneers

  • Eadweard Muybridge (1830 - 1904)

  • Etienne-Jules Marray (1830 - 1904)

  • Max Fleischer (1883 – 1972)

  • Harold Edgerton (1903 - 1990)


Eadweard muybridge

Eadweard Muybridge

  • English photographer (1830 - 1904).

  • Pioneered photographic studies of motion and motion-picture projection.


Muybridge

Muybridge

  • In 1872 former governor of California Stanford hired Muybridge to prove all four feet of a horse were off the ground at the same time while trotting.


Muybridge1

Muybridge

Used multiple cameras to capture motion of animals and humans.


History of motion capture

Muybridge


History of motion capture

Muybridge


Etienne jules marray

Etienne-Jules Marray

  • French scientist, physiologist and chronophotographer (1830 - 1904).

  • Contributed to the development of cardiology, physical instrumentation, aviation, and cinematography.


History of motion capture

Marray

  • Developed a single camera method chronophotography.

  • Objective and precise for scientific measurements.


History of motion capture

Marray


History of motion capture

Marray


History of motion capture

Marray

  • The photographs of a subject wearing Marrey's motion capture suit with markers show striking resemblance to motion capture data shown with a skeleton.


Max fleischer

Max Fleischer

  • Animator, film director and producer (1883 - 1972).

  • Produced Betty Boop, Koko the Clown, Popeye and Superman animation.


History of motion capture

Fleischer

  • Invented rotoscope


History of motion capture

Fleischer

  • Affected greatly by the motion picture production code of 1930 (Hays Code).

  • Lost competition with Disney.


Harold edgerton

Harold Edgerton

  • Electrical engineer (1903 - 1990).

  • First to take high-speed color photographs.

  • Pioneered multi-flash and microsecond imagery.


History of motion capture

Edgerton

  • Captured moments in time that were too fast to be seen by the naked with a stroboscope.


History of motion capture

Edgerton


Early digital attempts

Early digital attempts

  • Brilliance (1984)

  • Total Recall (1990)


Brilliance 1984

Brilliance (1984)

  • Produced by Robert Abel and Associates.

  • Super Bowl commercial for the Canned Food Information Council.

  • “Sexy Robot” was the first 3D character with realistic human movement.

  • Model was rotoscoped, not motion captured.


Total recall 1990

Total Recall (1990)

  • Based on Philip K. Dick’s short.

  • Airport security shots were supposed to be motion capture animation.

  • Replaced with keyframe animation.

  • Won Academy Award for visual effects.


History of motion capture

Dr. Midori Kitagawa

[email protected]

ATEC 1.909


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