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History of Motion Capture. Dr. Midori Kitagawa Arts and Technology Program University of Texas at Dallas. Pioneers. Eadweard Muybridge (1830 - 1904) Etienne-Jules Marray (1830 - 1904) Max Fleischer (1883 – 1972) Harold Edgerton (1903 - 1990). Eadweard Muybridge.

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history of motion capture

History of Motion Capture

Dr. Midori Kitagawa

Arts and Technology Program

University of Texas at Dallas

pioneers
Pioneers
  • Eadweard Muybridge (1830 - 1904)
  • Etienne-Jules Marray (1830 - 1904)
  • Max Fleischer (1883 – 1972)
  • Harold Edgerton (1903 - 1990)
eadweard muybridge
Eadweard Muybridge
  • English photographer (1830 - 1904).
  • Pioneered photographic studies of motion and motion-picture projection.
muybridge
Muybridge
  • In 1872 former governor of California Stanford hired Muybridge to prove all four feet of a horse were off the ground at the same time while trotting.
muybridge1
Muybridge

Used multiple cameras to capture motion of animals and humans.

etienne jules marray
Etienne-Jules Marray
  • French scientist, physiologist and chronophotographer (1830 - 1904).
  • Contributed to the development of cardiology, physical instrumentation, aviation, and cinematography.
slide9

Marray

  • Developed a single camera method chronophotography.
  • Objective and precise for scientific measurements.
slide12

Marray

  • The photographs of a subject wearing Marrey\'s motion capture suit with markers show striking resemblance to motion capture data shown with a skeleton.
max fleischer
Max Fleischer
  • Animator, film director and producer (1883 - 1972).
  • Produced Betty Boop, Koko the Clown, Popeye and Superman animation.
slide14

Fleischer

  • Invented rotoscope
slide15

Fleischer

  • Affected greatly by the motion picture production code of 1930 (Hays Code).
  • Lost competition with Disney.
harold edgerton
Harold Edgerton
  • Electrical engineer (1903 - 1990).
  • First to take high-speed color photographs.
  • Pioneered multi-flash and microsecond imagery.
slide17

Edgerton

  • Captured moments in time that were too fast to be seen by the naked with a stroboscope.
early digital attempts
Early digital attempts
  • Brilliance (1984)
  • Total Recall (1990)
brilliance 1984
Brilliance (1984)
  • Produced by Robert Abel and Associates.
  • Super Bowl commercial for the Canned Food Information Council.
  • “Sexy Robot” was the first 3D character with realistic human movement.
  • Model was rotoscoped, not motion captured.
total recall 1990
Total Recall (1990)
  • Based on Philip K. Dick’s short.
  • Airport security shots were supposed to be motion capture animation.
  • Replaced with keyframe animation.
  • Won Academy Award for visual effects.
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