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AAAS 2012 Vancouver | February 17th. Economic crises and the role of science. Introduction. Disasters and crises have a familiar answer : more investments in knowledge Flood Disaster 1953 Netherlands Sputnik Shock 1957 US Ozone hole 1985 Global

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AAAS 2012 Vancouver | February 17th

Economiccrises and the role of science

Barend van der Meulen | 1 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

introduction
Introduction

Disasters and crises have a familiaranswer: more investments in knowledge

  • FloodDisaster1953 Netherlands
  • Sputnik Shock 1957 US
  • Ozone hole 1985 Global
  • Global warming 1988-... Global
  • 9/11 2001 US - Global
  • Earthquake 2011 Japan
  • Economic crisis 2008 // Euro crisis 2011

Barend van der Meulen | 2 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

flood disaster 1953 netherlands
Flooddisaster 1953 Netherlands

Barend van der Meulen | 3 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

sputnik shock 1957
Sputnik Shock 1957

Barend van der Meulen | 4 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

global warming 1988
Global warming 1988-…

Barend van der Meulen | 5 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

economic crisis 2008 2011
Economic crisis 2008 // 2011

Twoobservations

  • The crisis comesnotfromoutside, andscience is part of the problem.
  • Calls forinvestments in basic sciencecomewith claims thatrevenueswill take 20-years

Barend van der Meulen | 6 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

science and the crisis i economics
Scienceand the crisis I: economics
  • Trigger: the destruction of the housing market.
  • Is there no scienceinvolved? There is!

Sociology of knowledgeappliedtomarketsandfinance show how financial practices are entangledwithknowledge, technologyand information. (eg MacKenzie, Knorr-Cetina, Callon)

  • Theoretical misfits:
    • Distribution of risks
    • Possibilities of marketsto correct greed
    • Role of big firms as stabilizinginstitutions

Barend van der Meulen | 7 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

role of science in crisis ii nbic
Role of science in crisis II: NBIC
  • Kondratieff waves
  • New scienceandtechnology
  • New economic sectors andgrowth
  • New internationalbalances

Barend van der Meulen | 8 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

international scientific portfolios
International scientificportfolios

Formersoviet: Chemistry, Mechanics

New Asian

NBIC

US - Europe

Physics, Health

Barend van der Meulen | 9 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

the netherlands massachussetts sout h korea
The Netherlands, Massachussetts, South-Korea

Economic crisis is part of a globaleconomicandscientifid shift

Barend van der Meulen | 10 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

first conclusions lessons
First conclusions / lessons
  • Disasters have usual response: more science
  • But scienceis notonly a solution but part of the problem
  • Scienceandpracticesentangled in

“scientific-technological-socialparadigms”

  • Challenge for risk control is toorganizediversity in scienceand society
  • Challenge for STI governancein Europe to reform STI institutions

Barend van der Meulen | 11 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

e ffects on science europe 2008
Effects on science: Europe 2008

Different startingpositions

  • Science intensive countries UK, GE, FR, CH, NL, SU
  • Many small countriescatching up: CEEC

Barend van der Meulen | 12 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

eu response new horizon 2020
EU response: New Horizon 2020

Excellent Science

  • European Research Council
  • Future & Emergent Technology
  • Training and career
  • Infrastructures

€ 24 598 million

Industrial Leadership

  • leadership in Key Enabling Technologies
  • access to risk finance
  • innovation in SMEs

 € 17 938 million

Societal Challenges

  • Health and demographic change
  • Food security
  • Secure and clean energy
  • Smart transport
  • Climate and resource efficiency
  • Inclusive societies

€ 31 748 million

Barend van der Meulen | 13 | JST sessionRedesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

national responses mix
National responses: mix
  • Investments in science, policiestorestructure the science system and breed European Top Universitieswithinglobalcompetition

(eg Denmark, Germany, France)

  • No new budgets andpoliciesto link universities closer toindustry

(eg UK, Netherlands)

  • New budgets cuts especially in countriessufferingfrom the Eurocrisis

(eg Greece, Portugal, etc.)

Barend van der Meulen | 14 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

european struggle
European struggle

Securing the science system

  • European identity
  • strong in scientific output and impact
  • weak links witheconomy
  • Institutional inert

Building aninnovation system

  • European paradox
  • Emphasisingsocietalchallenges
  • University industrycollaborations
  • Institutionalreforms

Barend van der Meulen | 15 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

three possible outcomes
Three possibleoutcomes

Scenario 1: Horizon 2020 results in a European knowledge area withintegratedprocesses of research, innovationandhighereducation

Scenario 2: Horizon 2020 is obstructedbynationalressentimentsandresults in more complexityandfurtherinstitutionalinertia.

Scenario 3: Horizon 2020 andnationalpoliciestogethercreate European winners andnational losers

Barend van der Meulen | 16 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

final conclusions lessons
Finalconclusions / lessons
  • But scienceis notonly a solution but part of the problem
  • Challenge for risk control is toorganizediversity in scienceand society
  • Challenge: new governance of science, technologyandinnovation
  • But science as a solution createsstrugglesabout the role of scienceanditsposition
  • Danger: more scientific research but without restructuringmaycreate more lock-ins

Barend van der Meulen | 17 | JST session Redesigning the Governance of STI after the Earthquake

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