Shifting power in islamic society
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Shifting power in Islamic Society. Muhammad had no male heir to succeed; likewise he named no successor However, Muhammad’s closest friend Abu-Bakr filled the void He was known as the first Caliph or successor. Crisis!!!. The first four caliphs all knew Muhammad while he was alive

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Presentation Transcript

Crisis

Muhammad had no male heir to succeed; likewise he named no successor

However, Muhammad’s closest friend Abu-Bakr filled the void

He was known as the first Caliph or successor

Crisis!!!


Caliphs and expansion

The first four caliphsall knew Muhammad while he was alive

They were known as the “rightly guided”

Abu-Bakr sought to expand Islam through Jihad

Caliphs and Expansion


Jihad

Jihad


Fight for power

After the first 3 caliphs Muhammad’s cousin and son in law came to power

His name was Aliand was chosen to be the next caliph

However…. He was assassinated

Fight for power


New leaders

New leaders


Two groups

Majority of Muslims who followed the came to powerUmayyadin the interest of peace are called Sunni

The Muslims that believed that Caliph must be related the Muhammadare called Shi’awhich are called “the party”

Two Groups


Overthrown and expansion

The came to powerUmayyadcaliphate was overthrown and the Abbasidstook over

At the same time, in Spain, a Muslim state was built called Al-Andalus

The Berbers, Muslims from North Africa conquered Spain but were stopped at Zaragoza

Overthrown and Expansion


Reasons for expanse

  • Warfare and Trade came to power

  • Persecuted people sought equality through Islam

  • Movement of Capitals

    • Mecca= Muhammad

    • Damascus = Abu-Bakr

    • Baghdad = Abbasids

Reasons for Expanse


Contributions

  • Baghdad came to power

    • Became the capital

    • Importance: Nearly 1 million people lived there

Contributions


Universities

Universities


Arabic numerals

Arabic Numerals


Algebra

philosophical textthe art of bringing together unknowns to match a known”

Try It: 42+ A= 25

Used Indian math

Possibly lead to the creation of inventions such as the telescope and microscope

Algebra


Medicine

Medicine


Preservations

  • Texts philosophical text

    • Translation then used experimentation to expand ideas

  • Architecture

    • Arches that blended other styles.

    • “Arches have no limits”

  • Art

    • Used geometric shapes and written language

    • Blends the logic/philosophical with religion

Preservations


Directions

Pick a picture philosophical text

Write down what you see

Write down what you think it means

Do pages 11-14

Directions


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