Securing Passenger Aircraft From Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS) Vicki Bier, Uche Okpara and Natawan Teerapirak. What Are MANPADS?.
MANPADS are man-portable, shoulder-fired, surface-to-air missiles. They are usually equipped with a seeker, typically infra-red (IR) or ultra-violet (UV) or a combination of these.
(Naming convention: US name / NATO name / Russian name)
There are an estimated 500,000 MANPADS in the world today, many thousands of which are thought to be on the black market and therefore accessible to terrorists and other non-state actors.
MANPADS are attractive to terrorists and insurgents because they are:
Within the past two years, MANPADS have been deployed against:
I Systems (MANPADS)
Aerial viewKey Question
A region I with center c
An aircraft A with a flight trajectory from c to w
A MANPAD system M positioned somewhere in region I
What is the probability that a missile fired from M would hit A?
HM : maximum height of missile fired from MANPAD system
RM : maximum range of missile fired from MANPAD system
PM : maximum kill probability of a MANPAD system when a missile is
fired at a target A
Attacker Location Strategies Systems (MANPADS)