Ideology & Society. Marxist Tradition and Jameson. Starting Questions Central Debates in Marxism after Marx Althusser on Ideology Jameson on Interpretation. Outline. Starting Questions. I. Basics: What are the central issues of debate engaged by both Althusser and Jameson?
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Marxist Tradition and Jameson
2. Western Marxism (e.g. Frankfurt School)
3. Poststructuralist (scientific) turn—Althusser, ( T. Eagleton)
4. American (F. Jameson) and British Marxism (R. Williams and T. Eagleton)
5. Post-Marxist (E. Laclau and C Mouffe)—against its totalizing schema
Reflectionism (1) social homology; (2) literature reflecting society and serving Communist causes. (tendentious or not)
Base and Super Structure; Literature/Culture and society (and the role of Marxist criticism)
Definitions of class, exploitation and capitalism, possibilities of revolution ( cultural revolution)
Definitions of ideology –negative or positive, its influence on human subjects and interrelations with discourse.After Marx: Central Issues for Debate
Scientific Marxism – more economistic
e.g. Althusser, New Left Review
Voluntarism or humanism
critical theory – rejects the base-superstructure metaphor in favor of a less well-defined totality.
e.g. Lukacs, The Frankfurt school Raymond Williams, etc.After Marx: Central Debates (2)
The persistent: the dialectics (in both action and thinking).
Engels Natural Dialectics 三大規律:量化為質，質化為量，
Different kinds of mediation