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Chapter 4. Life in the Colonies. Ch 4-1 I Can Statement. I can understand how the English ideas about government and trade affected the colonies. Ch 4-1 Bullet Point Statements. Bullet Point #1: The Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights guaranteed the rights of English citizens.

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Chapter 4

Chapter 4

Life in the Colonies

Ch 4 1 i can statement
Ch 4-1 I Can Statement

I can understand how the English ideas about government and trade affected the colonies

Ch 4 1 bullet point statements
Ch 4-1 Bullet Point Statements

  • Bullet Point #1: The Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights guaranteed the rights of English citizens.

  • Bullet Point #2: By 1760, each of the 13 colonies had a legislature to make laws.

  • Bullet Point #3:England passed the Navigation Acts to regulate colonial trade.

Magna carta
Magna Carta

  • Magna Carta: document that limited the power of a ruler

  • 1215 King John of England was forced to sign

  • Made it so the ruler had to consult the nobles to make taxes

  • Protected the right to private property and trial by jury


  • Legislature: a group of people who have the power to make laws

  • Two-house legislature, house of lords(inherited titles) and house of commons(elected)

  • Main job: approve new taxes

English bill of rights
English Bill of Rights

  • 1688 Parliamentary power increases

  • Glorious Revolution: parliament removes King James II from the throne

  • Mary and William of Orange invited to rule

  • Bill of rights: written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect

  • Habeas Corpus: the principle that a person can’t be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime

Colonial legislature
Colonial Legislature

  • Colonists wanted to take a part in governing themselves

  • House of Burgesses= 1st legislature in North America

  • 1760, every British colony in North America had a legislature of some kind

Right to vote
Right to Vote

  • Political rights increasing

  • People not allowed to vote= women, African Americans, and Indians

Freedom of press
Freedom of Press

  • Freedom of Press: the right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty

  • Zenger Trial

  • Libel: publishing of statements that could damage a person’s reputation

  • The press has a right and responsibility to to keep the public informed of the truth

Regulating trade
Regulating Trade

  • North America= source of raw materials and a place to sell England’s products

  • Navigation acts:

    • 1. Shipments from Europe to English colonies had to go through England first

    • 2. Any imports to England from the colonies had to be sent in English made ships

    • 3. The colonies could only sell tobacco and sugar to England

Ch 4 2 i can statement
Ch 4-2 I Can Statement

I can understand the characteristics of colonial society.

Ch 4 2 bullet point statements
Ch 4-2 Bullet Point Statements

  • Bullet Point #1: In colonial society, men, women, and children had clearly defined roles.

  • Bullet Point #2: Colonial American offered poor and middle-class whites the opportunity to own land and improve their social status.

Family in colonial times
Family in Colonial Times


  • Need for large families

  • Widely separated from others

  • Families were very close

  • Each family member had many responsibilities


  • Easier for single people to live

  • Families still important

Extended family: a family that includes parents, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins

Roles of women
Roles of Women

  • Expected to marry who their parents chose for them

  • Childcare focused

  • Domestic jobs: cooking, laundry, sewing

  • Jobs differed from on the frontier to in the city

Young people
Young People

  • Big deal if children survived infancy

  • After age 7, before children were required to work

  • Worked on farm and household chores, believed it was to prepare kids for adult life

  • Started to become apprentices(someone who learns a trade by working for someone in that trade for a certain period of time)

Social classes
Social Classes

  • Gentry: upper class of colonial society

  • Middle Class: made up of small planters, independent farmers and artisans

  • Indentured Servants: signed contracts to work from 4-10 years in the colonies for anyone who would pay for his or her passage to the Americas.

Ch 4 3 i can statement
Ch 4-3 I Can Statement

I can understand how slavery developed in the colonies and affected colonial life.

Ch 4 3 bullet point statements
Ch 4-3 Bullet Point Statements

  • Bullet Point #1: More than 10 million Africans were transported to the Americas in the Atlantic slave trade.

  • Bullet Point #2: The plantation economy of the South became dependent on the labor of the enslaved African Americans.

  • Bullet Point #3: Slave codes did not stop occasional slave revolts.

Atlantic slave trade
Atlantic Slave Trade

  • Spanish and Portuguese brought over the first Africans

  • British, French and Dutch also entered the trade

  • About 10 million enslaved Africans brought to the Americas between 1500s to 1800s

Middle passage
Middle Passage

  • Voyage from African coast across the Atlantic in slave ships

  • Overcrowded ships to increase profit

  • Led to death, suicide, families being separated

Triangular trade
Triangular Trade

  • Triangular trade: three-way trade between the colonies, the islands of the Caribbean and Africa

  • Made New England Merchants rich

  • Disobeyed navigation acts

Slavery in the colonies
Slavery in the Colonies

  • First Africans were servants not slaves

  • Plantation system, reason why slavery took root and grew

  • Slaves preferred to servants

  • Need for cheap labor grows

  • Early attempts to stop slavery that failed

Resistance to slavery
Resistance to Slavery

  • Numbers of enslaved increase

  • Whites scared of revolts

  • Slave codes: strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of slaves

African cultural influences
African Cultural Influences

  • Lives differed from colony to colony

  • North: worked as blacksmiths, house servants, or on farms

  • South: farmed

  • Tried to keep customs from Africa

Ch 4 4 i can statements
Ch 4-4 I Can Statements

I can understand how ideas about religion and government influenced colonial life.

Ch 4 4 bullet point statements
Ch 4-4 Bullet Point Statements

  • Bullet Point #1: Education during colonial times was influenced by religion.

  • Bullet Point #2: The Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1740s led to the rise of new churches.

  • Bullet Point #3:Enlightenment thinkers influenced ideas about government and natural rights.

Puritan beginnings
Puritan Beginnings

  • Promoted education

  • Required parents to teach children and servants how to read

  • Public school: school supported by taxes

  • Puritan schools were run by both public and private money

Colonial schools
Colonial Schools

  • Included religious instruction

  • Taught reading, writing and arithmetic

  • Learned from a hornbook(paddle-shaped board with a printed lesson on top, protected by a transparent piece of animal horn)

  • South had fewer schools

  • Poor children didn’t attend school

Education for african americans
Education for African Americans summer when boys weren’t around

  • Some churches offered schooling for free Africans

  • Enslaved people passed on learning in secret

Upper levels
Upper Levels summer when boys weren’t around

  • After elementary school came grammar school(similar to high school)

    • Only boys went

  • Learned Greek, Latin, geography, math, and English composition

  • Colleges opened up in the 1630s

Roots of american literature
Roots of American Literature summer when boys weren’t around


Ben Franklin

Best loved colonial writer

Started a newspaper

The Pennsylvania Gazette

  • Anne Bradstreet: first colonial poet

  • Phillis Wheatly: enslaved African poet

The great awakening
The Great Awakening summer when boys weren’t around

  • 1730s-1740s religious revival

  • Jonathan Edwards: Massachusetts preacher who called upon people to examine their lives and commit themselves to God

  • Led to the rise of many new churches

  • National movement

  • Reinforced democratic ideas

The enlightenment
The Enlightenment summer when boys weren’t around

  • Intellectual movement

  • All problems could be solved by reason

  • Enlightenment thinkers looked for natural laws that would govern politics, society and economics

John locke
John Locke summer when boys weren’t around

  • Englishman and Enlightenment thinker

  • Wrote the Two Treatises on Government

  • Natural rights: rights that belong to every human being from birth; life liberty and property

  • Challenged divine right(belief that monarchs get their authority to rule directly from God)

Montesquieu summer when boys weren’t around

  • Wrote the Spirit of the Laws

  • Argued that the powers of government should be clearly defined and limited

  • Separation of powers: division of the power of government into separate branches

    • 3 branches: legislative(make laws), executive(enforce laws), and judicial(make judgments)

Enlightenment thinkers
Enlightenment Thinkers summer when boys weren’t around

  • Locke

  • Montesquieu