Chapter 4
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Chapter 4. Life in the Colonies. Ch 4-1 I Can Statement. I can understand how the English ideas about government and trade affected the colonies. Ch 4-1 Bullet Point Statements. Bullet Point #1: The Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights guaranteed the rights of English citizens.

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Chapter 4

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Chapter 4

Chapter 4

Life in the Colonies


Ch 4 1 i can statement

Ch 4-1 I Can Statement

I can understand how the English ideas about government and trade affected the colonies


Ch 4 1 bullet point statements

Ch 4-1 Bullet Point Statements

  • Bullet Point #1: The Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights guaranteed the rights of English citizens.

  • Bullet Point #2: By 1760, each of the 13 colonies had a legislature to make laws.

  • Bullet Point #3:England passed the Navigation Acts to regulate colonial trade.


Magna carta

Magna Carta

  • Magna Carta: document that limited the power of a ruler

  • 1215 King John of England was forced to sign

  • Made it so the ruler had to consult the nobles to make taxes

  • Protected the right to private property and trial by jury


Parliament

Parliament

  • Legislature: a group of people who have the power to make laws

  • Two-house legislature, house of lords(inherited titles) and house of commons(elected)

  • Main job: approve new taxes


English bill of rights

English Bill of Rights

  • 1688 Parliamentary power increases

  • Glorious Revolution: parliament removes King James II from the throne

  • Mary and William of Orange invited to rule

  • Bill of rights: written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect

  • Habeas Corpus: the principle that a person can’t be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime


Colonial legislature

Colonial Legislature

  • Colonists wanted to take a part in governing themselves

  • House of Burgesses= 1st legislature in North America

  • 1760, every British colony in North America had a legislature of some kind


Right to vote

Right to Vote

  • Political rights increasing

  • People not allowed to vote= women, African Americans, and Indians


Freedom of press

Freedom of Press

  • Freedom of Press: the right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty

  • Zenger Trial

  • Libel: publishing of statements that could damage a person’s reputation

  • The press has a right and responsibility to to keep the public informed of the truth


Regulating trade

Regulating Trade

  • North America= source of raw materials and a place to sell England’s products

  • Navigation acts:

    • 1. Shipments from Europe to English colonies had to go through England first

    • 2. Any imports to England from the colonies had to be sent in English made ships

    • 3. The colonies could only sell tobacco and sugar to England


Ch 4 2 i can statement

Ch 4-2 I Can Statement

I can understand the characteristics of colonial society.


Ch 4 2 bullet point statements

Ch 4-2 Bullet Point Statements

  • Bullet Point #1: In colonial society, men, women, and children had clearly defined roles.

  • Bullet Point #2: Colonial American offered poor and middle-class whites the opportunity to own land and improve their social status.


Family in colonial times

Family in Colonial Times

Farm:

  • Need for large families

  • Widely separated from others

  • Families were very close

  • Each family member had many responsibilities

Town:

  • Easier for single people to live

  • Families still important

Extended family: a family that includes parents, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins


Roles of women

Roles of Women

  • Expected to marry who their parents chose for them

  • Childcare focused

  • Domestic jobs: cooking, laundry, sewing

  • Jobs differed from on the frontier to in the city


Young people

Young People

  • Big deal if children survived infancy

  • After age 7, before children were required to work

  • Worked on farm and household chores, believed it was to prepare kids for adult life

  • Started to become apprentices(someone who learns a trade by working for someone in that trade for a certain period of time)


Social classes

Social Classes

  • Gentry: upper class of colonial society

  • Middle Class: made up of small planters, independent farmers and artisans

  • Indentured Servants: signed contracts to work from 4-10 years in the colonies for anyone who would pay for his or her passage to the Americas.


Ch 4 3 i can statement

Ch 4-3 I Can Statement

I can understand how slavery developed in the colonies and affected colonial life.


Ch 4 3 bullet point statements

Ch 4-3 Bullet Point Statements

  • Bullet Point #1: More than 10 million Africans were transported to the Americas in the Atlantic slave trade.

  • Bullet Point #2: The plantation economy of the South became dependent on the labor of the enslaved African Americans.

  • Bullet Point #3: Slave codes did not stop occasional slave revolts.


Atlantic slave trade

Atlantic Slave Trade

  • Spanish and Portuguese brought over the first Africans

  • British, French and Dutch also entered the trade

  • About 10 million enslaved Africans brought to the Americas between 1500s to 1800s


Middle passage

Middle Passage

  • Voyage from African coast across the Atlantic in slave ships

  • Overcrowded ships to increase profit

  • Led to death, suicide, families being separated


Triangular trade

Triangular Trade

  • Triangular trade: three-way trade between the colonies, the islands of the Caribbean and Africa

  • Made New England Merchants rich

  • Disobeyed navigation acts


Slavery in the colonies

Slavery in the Colonies

  • First Africans were servants not slaves

  • Plantation system, reason why slavery took root and grew

  • Slaves preferred to servants

  • Need for cheap labor grows

  • Early attempts to stop slavery that failed


Chapter 4

  • Not all Africans were slaves

  • Slavery was linked to racism

  • Racism: the belief that one race is superior or inferior to another


Resistance to slavery

Resistance to Slavery

  • Numbers of enslaved increase

  • Whites scared of revolts

  • Slave codes: strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of slaves


African cultural influences

African Cultural Influences

  • Lives differed from colony to colony

  • North: worked as blacksmiths, house servants, or on farms

  • South: farmed

  • Tried to keep customs from Africa


Ch 4 4 i can statements

Ch 4-4 I Can Statements

I can understand how ideas about religion and government influenced colonial life.


Ch 4 4 bullet point statements

Ch 4-4 Bullet Point Statements

  • Bullet Point #1: Education during colonial times was influenced by religion.

  • Bullet Point #2: The Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1740s led to the rise of new churches.

  • Bullet Point #3:Enlightenment thinkers influenced ideas about government and natural rights.


Puritan beginnings

Puritan Beginnings

  • Promoted education

  • Required parents to teach children and servants how to read

  • Public school: school supported by taxes

  • Puritan schools were run by both public and private money


Colonial schools

Colonial Schools

  • Included religious instruction

  • Taught reading, writing and arithmetic

  • Learned from a hornbook(paddle-shaped board with a printed lesson on top, protected by a transparent piece of animal horn)

  • South had fewer schools

  • Poor children didn’t attend school


Chapter 4

  • Not all schools allowed girls, or only allowed them in the summer when boys weren’t around

  • Dame schools: schools that women opened in their homes to teach girls and boys to read and write


Education for african americans

Education for African Americans

  • Some churches offered schooling for free Africans

  • Enslaved people passed on learning in secret


Upper levels

Upper Levels

  • After elementary school came grammar school(similar to high school)

    • Only boys went

  • Learned Greek, Latin, geography, math, and English composition

  • Colleges opened up in the 1630s


Roots of american literature

Roots of American Literature

Poetry

Ben Franklin

Best loved colonial writer

Started a newspaper

The Pennsylvania Gazette

  • Anne Bradstreet: first colonial poet

  • Phillis Wheatly: enslaved African poet


The great awakening

The Great Awakening

  • 1730s-1740s religious revival

  • Jonathan Edwards: Massachusetts preacher who called upon people to examine their lives and commit themselves to God

  • Led to the rise of many new churches

  • National movement

  • Reinforced democratic ideas


The enlightenment

The Enlightenment

  • Intellectual movement

  • All problems could be solved by reason

  • Enlightenment thinkers looked for natural laws that would govern politics, society and economics


John locke

John Locke

  • Englishman and Enlightenment thinker

  • Wrote the Two Treatises on Government

  • Natural rights: rights that belong to every human being from birth; life liberty and property

  • Challenged divine right(belief that monarchs get their authority to rule directly from God)


Montesquieu

Montesquieu

  • Wrote the Spirit of the Laws

  • Argued that the powers of government should be clearly defined and limited

  • Separation of powers: division of the power of government into separate branches

    • 3 branches: legislative(make laws), executive(enforce laws), and judicial(make judgments)


Enlightenment thinkers

Enlightenment Thinkers

  • Locke

  • Montesquieu


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