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World War Two Resources. The Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester & Rutland. Introduction.

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World war two resources

World War Two Resources

The Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester & Rutland


Introduction
Introduction

This resource has been produced from archival and local studies sources held at the Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester & Rutland. This is the home for historical material relating to all three authorities. The resource is the product of a partnership between the Record Office and a group of teachers. The sources have been divided into nine themes. Each slide contains a title, shows an image of the document, contains an accompanying description which explains what the document shows, where it is, what is happening and its unique reference number. There are 80 slides In total.


The resource is aimed specifically at Keystage 3 pupils who are studying World War Two history but some of the sources could equally well be used at Keystage 2 level. Some of the material lends itself to being cross-curricular and could be used for geography. The examples of the Leicester air raid shelter map and home guard map of Charnwood Forest come to mind. Some Material could also be used for citizenship – I am thinking here of some of the evacuation material, women at war and rationing slides.

In order to demonstrate how the material could be used lesson plans are attached which have been produced by Crown Hills and Abington High School on the themes of evacuation, bombing raids and the Leicester blitz.





A primary school

B

The government censored information. Both photographs below are of the same bomb damage in the same street. Which do you think would have been censored and why?




Lesson plans
Lesson plans night in an air raid shelter

File

File 2


Abington high school ks3 history evacuation lesson plan
Abington High School night in an air raid shelterKS3 HistoryEvacuation Lessonplan


Table of contents
Table of Contents night in an air raid shelter

Slide Numbers

  • Home front / Home Guard 30-38

  • Bombing raids and casualties 39-49

  • Evacuation 50-61

  • Women at War 62-66

  • Rationing 67-73

  • Posters 74-79

  • Civilian war deaths 80-94

  • Military war deaths 95-98

  • Military airbases 99-108


Homefront home guard

HOMEFRONT/HOME GUARD night in an air raid shelter


Schoolboys building air raid shelter
Schoolboys building air raid shelter night in an air raid shelter

Shows a school master supervising the boys at Mantle Road Senior Boys' School, Leicester, as they lay the first course of the front wall of their school air raid shelter.

Reference: DE 5028/33/2


Schoolboys building air raid shelter1
Schoolboys building air raid shelter night in an air raid shelter

Shows schoolboys at Mantle Road Senior Boys' School, Leicester, watching as the stone recording their construction of the school air raid shelter is placed in position.

Reference:DE 5028/33/2


Leicester air raid shelter map
Leicester air raid shelter map night in an air raid shelter

Street plan of inner Leicester showing location of public air raid shelters and times of availability.

Reference: Misc 702


Messages at arp county control centre
Messages at ARP County Control Centre night in an air raid shelter

Chart writer's report of messages received and transmitted by the ARP (Civil Defence) County Control Centre for Leicestershire recording the confusion on the morning after the Leicester Blitz. Many rescue parties from the county were sent to Leicester's ARP Headquarters at Granby Halls to help in the aftermath of the raid whilst others struggled to cope with unexploded bombs (UBs) around the county. Ref:De 2013/57


Call room occurrence book leicester
Call room occurrence book, Leicester night in an air raid shelter

A record of calls received by the Fire Brigade on the night of the 'Leicester Blitz', 19th Nov 1940 between 7.50pm and 11.37pm. As the air raid progressed Auxiliary Fire Service teams from towns around the county rushed into the city to offer assistance at Brigade Headquarters.

Reference:10D58/60


Arp warden s report forms
ARP Warden's report forms night in an air raid shelter

Civil defence measures during World War Two included recruiting volunteers to protect the local population. These reports from the Anstey Civil Defence records illustrate that their work extended beyond enforcing air raid precautions and also involved dealing with air raid damage, fires and contamination.

Reference: DE1867/4/19


Home guard map of charnwood forest
Home Guard map of Charnwood Forest night in an air raid shelter

Ordnance Survey 1 inch map of the Charnwood Forest area of Leicestershire used by local Home Guard. The letter 'P' marks defensive positions manned nightly by members of the Local Defence Volunteers [later known as Home Guard] and 'G' marks 'static' guards at reservoirs. 'VP' denotes 'vulnerable point' and seems to be particularly applied to bridges. 'LO' marks an observation post manned in times of low visibility.

Reference:Misc 1361


Oral history
Oral history night in an air raid shelter

00405/02/cd/10/025/c25


BOMBING RAIDS night in an air raid shelter

AND CASUALTIES


Bomb damage at conduit street leicester
Bomb damage at Conduit Street, Leicester night in an air raid shelter

Shows rescue workers salvaging material from a house damaged by bombs probably intended for the nearby railway station on 13th July 1941. This was the last air raid suffered in Leicester.

Reference: DE5234/14


Leicester blitz souvenir
Leicester Blitz Souvenir night in an air raid shelter

The introduction to a published booklet entitled 'Leicester Blitz Souvenir' which contained 50 official photographs of war damage in Leicester and surrounding area. Includes photograph of burnt out factory of Messrs Freeman, Hardy & Willis, Rutland Street, Leicester

which was bombed on 20th Nov 1940.

Reference:DE1615/21


Civilian war death form front
Civilian war death form (Front) night in an air raid shelter

Official form completed at the mortuary recording the recovery of the body of a twelve year old boy who died with his parents in the Leicester Blitz on 20th Nov 1940. Name digitally removed.

Reference:15D70


Civilian war death form back
Civilian war death form (back) night in an air raid shelter

Official form completed at the mortuary recording the recovery of the body of a twelve year old boy who died with his parents in the Leicester Blitz on 20th Nov 1940. Lists his personal effects.

Reference:15D70


List of civilian casualties in leicester
List of civilian casualties in Leicester night in an air raid shelter

First page of an alphabetical list of civilian casualties in the County Borough of Leicester, sent to the Medical Officer of Health for correction in September 1949.

Reference:15D70


Police officers at site of flying bomb
Police Officers at site of flying bomb night in an air raid shelter

Shows Police Officers beside a crater made by the only flying bomb (V1 rocket) to land in Leicestershire. It landed at Glebe Farm, Skeffington, Leicestershire on 18th Dec.1944, inflicting only light damage.

Reference:DE5491/631/10


Leicester mercury 20th november 1940
Leicester Mercury, 20th November 1940 night in an air raid shelter

The front page of The Leicester Mercury published on the day after the 'Leicester Blitz' on 20th Nov 1940 reports the event, including an unidentified photograph of firemen tackling the blaze at the factory of Messrs Freemen, Hardy & Willis in Rutland St, Leicester.

Reference: Leicester Mercury November 1940


Bombing of belton in rutland
Bombing of Belton-in-Rutland night in an air raid shelter

Photograph of the Black Horse Inn taken from the Leicester

Mercury of 26th May 1942 and article researched and written by

Audrey Walker reproduced in Belton History Society Journal, vol

2 Autumn 2003


Bombing of belton in rutland1
Bombing of Belton-in-Rutland night in an air raid shelter

Eyewitness accounts of the bombing of Belton-in-Rutland on 25th May 1942

researched and written by Audrey Walker and reproduced in Belton History Society

Journal, Vol 2 Autumn 2003


Bombing of belton in rutland2
Bombing of Belton-in-Rutland night in an air raid shelter

Report taken from the Leicester Evening Mail dated 26 May 1942

and reproduced in Belton History Society Journal, vol 2 Autumn

2003


EVACUATION night in an air raid shelter


Admission register for evacuees school
Admission register for evacuees' school night in an air raid shelter

Records of an infants department of a school for evacuee children set up at Nottingham Road, Loughborough. This page lists pupils with details of date of admission, Loughborough address and address of parent or guardian.

Reference: DE1360/127


Admission register for evacuees school1
Admission register for evacuees' school night in an air raid shelter

Records of an infants department of a school for evacuee children set up at Nottingham Road, Loughborough. This page lists details of date of birth, last school attended, education authority and date and cause of leaving.

Reference: DE1360/127


Death of evacuee at hallaton
Death of evacuee at Hallaton night in an air raid shelter

Newscutting cutting concerning the death of a six year old boy on the day after he had arrived in the village of Hallaton, Leicestershire as an evacuee. He was killed accidently by his elder brother when they were playing with a gun which they had found in a barn.

Reference: DE877/17


Entertainment organised by evacuees
Entertainment organised by evacuees night in an air raid shelter

Entry in log book of Hartfield Crescent Senior Girls' School, Birmingham which was evacuated to Baxter Gate Chapel, Loughborough on 10th December 1940. It describes an entertainment organised by the girls for their foster parents in May 1941 with the aim of raising funds for the Loughborough war effort and showing appreciation for all the kindness shown.

Reference:E/LB/207E


Evacuees with health problems
Evacuees with health problems night in an air raid shelter

List of evacuated children attending Taylor Street Primary School, Leicester, who have health problems including malnutrition and rickets.The code for the remarks is given at the top of the sheet. Names digitally removed.

Reference: DE3594/14


List of evacuees missing luggage
List of evacuees' missing luggage night in an air raid shelter

Luggage lost by mothers evacuated to Wigston, Leicestershire. The new address of each evacuee has been added under 'address from where evacuated’

Reference:DE877/17


Protest over evacuees compulsory billeting of
Protest over evacuees night in an air raid sheltercompulsory billeting of

Newscutting concerning the resignation of the Chief Billeting Officer for Blaby, Leicestershire in protest against the compulsory billeting of evacuees in the area in October 1940.

Reference: DE877/17


Numbers of children and adults evacuated to rutland
Numbers of children and adults evacuated to Rutland night in an air raid shelter

Extract from report to elementary education sub- committee listing the the numbers of children and adults evacuated from London schools to Rutland villages.

Reference:DE2257/15


Wartime evacuation to belton in rutland
Wartime evacuation to Belton-in-Rutland night in an air raid shelter

Page one of John Nash’s memories of wartime evacuation to Belton-in-

Rutland as reproduced in Belton History Society Journal Vol 3 summer

2006


Wartime evacuation to belton in rutland1
Wartime evacuation to Belton-in-Rutland night in an air raid shelter

Page two of John Nash’s memories of wartime evacuation to Belton-in-

Rutland as reproduced in Belton History Society Journal Vol 3 summer

2006


Oral history1
Oral history night in an air raid shelter

001422/01cd/ev/007

001419/01CD2/EV/002

PLEASE PLAY THE RECORDINGS ON SPEAKERS TO GET THE FULL EXPERIENCE


Women at war
Women at War night in an air raid shelter


Land army girls and farm workers
Land Army girls and farm workers night in an air raid shelter

Shows Land Army girls and farm workers working at Stoughton, Leicestershire posing for a photograph.

DE5743/5


Land girls on parade
Land girls on parade night in an air raid shelter

Land girls waving from trailer during parade through University Road, Leicester. n.d. c.1945

Reference:DE5732/13


Women timber corps march
Women Timber Corps March night in an air raid shelter

Members of the Women Timber Corps marching through Bristol, September 1943

Reference: DE5732/15


Oral history2
ORAL HISTORY night in an air raid shelter

00415/01CALO/035/C35

00409/02CDL0/029/C29


Rationing
Rationing night in an air raid shelter


Clothing ration coupons
Clothing Ration Coupons night in an air raid shelter

Page of clothing ration coupons taken from a ration book issued during 1939-1945

Reference: Misc 733


Petrol coupon
Petrol Coupon night in an air raid shelter

Petrol coupon for two units of motor fuel issued by the Ministry of Fuel and Power with a note that it is not valid after 31 December 1949

Reference: Misc 733


Notes to expectant mothers about ration books
Notes to expectant mothers about ration books night in an air raid shelter

Detailed notes to expectant mothers about war-time benefits with the green ration books, n.d. [1940s]

Reference: Misc 723/3


Cheerful rationing pamphlet
Cheerful Rationing Pamphlet night in an air raid shelter

Pamphlet published by The Electrical Association for women entitled “Cheerful Rationing”. Nov. 1939

Reference: Misc 933


Food ration coupons
Food Ration Coupons night in an air raid shelter

Page from ration book showing food coupons issued by the Ministry of Food for the period 1948-1949

Reference: Misc 132/3


Identity card
Identity Card night in an air raid shelter

The government introduced National Registration Identity Cards during the war. Everyone, including children, had to carry one at all times to show who they were and where they lived. The identity card gave the owner's name and address, including changes of address. Each person was allocated a National Registration number as in this case. The local registration office stamped the card to make it valid. Reference: DE2939/6/1


Posters
POSTERS night in an air raid shelter


Invasion notice
Invasion Notice night in an air raid shelter

Poster designed by Leicester College of Art for Leicester City Council during the war of1939 – 1945

Reference: Misc 38/8


Help after air raid
Help After Air Raid night in an air raid shelter

Poster designed by Leicester College of Art for Leicester City Council during the war of 1939 – 1945

Reference: Misc 38/6


Invasion film
Invasion Film night in an air raid shelter

Poster produced by Hills of Leicester advertising a film and address about the Invasion Committee on15 Feb

DE1678/8


Invasion film german defeat
Invasion Film-German Defeat night in an air raid shelter

Poster produced by Hills of Leicester advertising a film and address about the Defeat of the Germans near Moscow to be shown on 24 March

DE1678/15


Carnival dance
Carnival Dance night in an air raid shelter

Poster produced by Hills of Leicester advertising the Aylestone and District Working Men’s Club Carnival Dance. n.d.

DE1678/24


Civilian war deaths
Civilian War Deaths night in an air raid shelter


Civilian deaths recorded at aylestone baths mortuary sheet 1
Civilian deaths recorded at Aylestone Baths Mortuary night in an air raid shelter–sheet 1

The registrar’s department acted as the mortuary office during WW2. This is

the first of several sheets listing civilian deaths recorded at the Aylestone

Baths Mortuary as a result of the ‘Leicester Blitz’ on 20 November 1940 Reference:DE 2372/70


Civilian deaths recorded at aylestone baths mortuary sheet 2
Civilian deaths recorded at Aylestone Baths Mortuary night in an air raid shelter–sheet 2

Continuation of civilian war deaths recorded at the Aylestone Baths Mortuary as

a result of the ‘Leicester Blitz’ on 20 November 1940

Reference : DE2372/69


Civilian deaths recorded at aylestone baths mortuary sheet 3
Civilian deaths recorded at Aylestone Baths Mortuary night in an air raid shelter–sheet 3

Continuation of civilian war deaths recorded at the Aylestone Baths

Mortuary as a result of the ‘Leicester Blitz’ on 20 November 1940

Reference : DE2372/68


Civilian deaths recorded at aylestone baths mortuary sheet 4
Civilian deaths recorded at Aylestone Baths Mortuary night in an air raid shelter–sheet 4

Continuation of civilian war deaths recorded at the Aylestone Baths

Mortuary as a result of the ‘Leicester Blitz’ on 20 November 1940

Reference : DE2372/67


Civilian deaths recorded at aylestone baths mortuary sheet 5
Civilian deaths recorded at Aylestone Baths Mortuary night in an air raid shelter–sheet 5

Continuation of civilian war deaths recorded at the Aylestone Baths

Mortuary as a result of the ‘Leicester Blitz’ on 20 November 1940

Reference : DE2372/66


Civilian deaths recorded at crumbie stand mortuary sheet 1
Civilian deaths recorded at Crumbie Stand Mortuary- sheet 1 night in an air raid shelter

Civilian deaths recorded at another city mortuary- Crumbie Stand as a result

of bombing activity on 21 August 1940

Reference DE2372/73


Civilian deaths recorded at crumbie stand mortuary sheet 2
Civilian deaths recorded at Crumbie Stand Mortuary- sheet 2 night in an air raid shelter

Civilian deaths recorded at another city mortuary- Crumbie Stand as a result

of bombing activity on 14 September 1940

Reference DE2372/74


Leicester civilian war dead page 1
Leicester civilian war dead- page 1 night in an air raid shelter

This is the first of 7 pages of civilian war dead for the city of Leicester which

was compiled by the Imperial War Graves Commission. Full names,

addresses, ages and next of kin are given. Details of burials, cremations and

grave plots have been added by the City Cemeteries Department Reference: 15D70


Leicester civilian war dead page 2
Leicester Civilian war dead-page 2 night in an air raid shelter

Continuation of civilian war dead for the city of Leicester

Reference DE15D70


Leicester civilian war dead page3
Leicester civilian war dead-page3 night in an air raid shelter

Continuation of civilian war dead for the city of Leicester

Reference DE15D70


Leicester civilian war dead page 4
Leicester civilian war dead-page 4 night in an air raid shelter

Continuation of civilian war dead for the city of Leicester

Reference DE15D70


Leicester civilian war dead page 5
Leicester civilian war dead-page 5 night in an air raid shelter

Continuation of civilian war dead for the city of Leicester

Reference DE15D70


Leicester civilian war dead page 6
Leicester civilian war dead–page 6 night in an air raid shelter

Continuation of civilian war dead for the city of Leicester

Reference DE15D70


Leicester civilian war dead page 7
Leicester civilian war dead-page 7 night in an air raid shelter

Continuation of civilian war dead for the city of Leicester

Reference DE15D70


Military War Deaths night in an air raid shelter


Roll of honour for lutterworth
Roll of Honour for Lutterworth night in an air raid shelter

Roll of Honour for the men of Lutterworth who it is assumed lost their lives

during the 1939-1945 war

Reference: DE4336/64


Admission and discharge register for bosworth park infirmary
Admission and discharge register for Bosworth Park Infirmary night in an air raid shelter

This infirmary formerly the ancestral home of the Dixie family was used

to house injured military personnel during the 1939-1945 war. Note a lot of the

entries in column disease are shrapnel wounds

Reference DE3300/105


Newscuttings of war casualties
Newscuttings of War Casualties night in an air raid shelter

Newspaper cuttings of local Leicestershire lads who were

killed or injured during the 1939-1945 war

Reference DE5377/27


Military Airbases night in an air raid shelter


Photograph of bruntingthorpe r a f
Photograph of Bruntingthorpe R.A.F. night in an air raid shelter

Group photograph in front of the Wellington bomber at the Air Training Corps

annual training at Bruntingthorpe RAF Station. Flight Lieutenant J.H. Pettit is

the Liaison officer, August 1944

Reference: DE3799/92


Fates of 207 squadron crew captains
Fates of 207 squadron crew captains night in an air raid shelter

Page reproduced from scrapbook of S/O Marie Cooper a WAAF

intelligence officer at Bottesford, showing the fates of crew captains on 207

squadron Reference: L358.4 pg13


Crash log for rutland page 1
Crash Log for Rutland-page 1 night in an air raid shelter

First page of the crash log for Rutland, 1938-1941 compiled by John

Rennison and published in his book,’ Wings Over Rutland’.

Reference: L385.4 p145


Crash log for rutland page 2
Crash Log for Rutland-page 2 night in an air raid shelter

Second page of the crash log for Rutland, 1941-1942 compiled by

John Rennison and published in his book,’ Wings Over Rutland’.

Reference: L385.4 p146


Crash log for rutland page 3
Crash Log for Rutland-page 3 night in an air raid shelter

Third page of the crash log for Rutland, 1942-1944 compiled by

John Rennison and published in his book,’ Wings Over Rutland’.

Reference: L385.4 p147


Crash log for rutland page 4
Crash Log for Rutland-page 4 night in an air raid shelter

Fourth page of the crash log for Rutland, 1944-1948 compiled by

John Rennison and published in his book,’ Wings Over Rutland’.

Reference: L385.4 p148


Crash log for rutland page 5
Crash Log for Rutland-page 5 night in an air raid shelter

Fifth page of the crash log for Rutland, 1948-1973 compiled by John Rennison

and published in his book,’ Wings Over Rutland’.

Reference: L385.4 p149


R a f buried at cottesmore page 1
R.A.F.buried at Cottesmore-page 1 night in an air raid shelter

Name, rank, number, comments and date of burial of R.A.F. personnel who

are buried at Cottesmore, published by John Rennison in his book, “Wings

over Rutland”, 1939-1942

Reference: L 385.4 p150


R a f buried at cottesmore page 2
R.A.F.buried at Cottesmore-page 2 night in an air raid shelter

Name, rank, number, comments and date of burial of R.A.F. personnel who are

buried at Cottesmore, published by John Rennison in his book, “Wings over

Rutland”, 1942-1945

Reference: L 385.4 p151


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