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WWII . Terms, People and Battles. Appeasement. Appeasement: “negotiation” to avoid a war; policy approach to avoid war by making concessions to another country 19 reasons for Appeasement. Appeasement. America First Committee Likely largest formal anti-war group in US history

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slide1

WWII

Terms, People and Battles

appeasement1

Appeasement: “negotiation” to avoid a war; policy approach to avoid war by making concessions to another country

  • 19 reasons for Appeasement
Appeasement
isolationism

America First Committee

  • Likely largest formal anti-war group in US history
  • Prominent members include: Walt Disney, Gerald Ford and John Kennedy (future Presidents) and Sinclair Lewis
  • Charles Lindbergh is the most prominent spokesman for the group. He blamed Britain, President Roosevelt and the Jews for trying to pull America into the war.
  • Group is disbanded on Dec 11, 1941. Why?
Isolationism
non aggression pact
The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact - The 1939 Agreement Between Hitler and Stalin
  • Katyn Massacre
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6pfczwJAbE
Non-aggression Pact
blitzkrieg

*Poland …

  • Sept 1939
  • (Divided G & USSR)
  • *Denmark Norway
  • (April 1940)
  • *France, Belgium, Netherlands
  • (May 1940)
  • No Maginot Line
  • Armistice June 22
Blitzkrieg
slide8

Battle of Britain

(July-Sept 1940)

  • German attempt at air superiority
  • Turning point in the war
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cSZnFo7JORo&feature=fvsr

(7:30)

battle of britain

YouTube - Battle of Britain Newsreels

  • While you watch this short clip, write down the statements made to make the people of England feel good about what is happening.
Battle of Britain
invasion of russia

Originally scheduled for spring

Win quickly before winter?

Advance quickly but stopped in early winter (1st time stopped)

*Germans unprepared

Invasion of Russia
pearl harbor

Dec 7, 1941

  • Attack Philippines
  • Advance on Malaya & Dutch West Indies
  • Spring 1942
  • Almost all SE Asia & W. Pacific
  • (Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity sphere)
  • Hitler declares war on US 4 days later
Pearl Harbor
internment camps

YouTube - Japanese Internment Camps During WWII

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_rk3RP5KQs&feature=related
Internment Camps
north africa2

After France falls in 1940…Axis controlled most of Western Europe

  • N.Africa strategic back door into Europe

Axis…possible access to Suez & ME Oil

If Germans can break through…

  • Cut off oil supply
  • Cut off access to India
  • Threaten USSR southern Flank

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iXnZJX4pN74

BBC - History - World Wars: Animated Map: The North African Campaign

North Africa
island hopping pacific theater

1942 Tide Turns in the East.(Battle of Coral Sea)

  • U.S navy stops Japanese advance
  • Saves Australia from invasion

Turning Point in Asian War…(Battle of Midway)

  • U.S destroys 4 Japanese aircraft carriers
  • Establishes naval superiority in Pacific

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhdHZIj76WE

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8FEwT5ufBs&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PxkjowdnQ2g&feature=related

Island Hopping…Pacific Theater
island hopping pacific theater1

By Fall of 1942 Allied Forces Prepare 2 operations…

  • MacArthur…to Philippines via New Guinea and South Pacific Islands
  • Move across Pacific (Army/Navy/Marine) attack Japanese held island

*Capture islands…hop to Japan

Island Hopping…Pacific Theater
italy

By 1943…Axis in Tunisia surrender in May

Cross Mediterranean…take war to Italy

Allies take Sicily..head for mainland

Mussolini Removed from power… but restored by Germans

Mussolini set up as puppet of German state in N.Italy

Painstaking affair with many casualties

Italy
slide23

Rome doesn’t fall until June 4, 1944

  • By that time…only a secondary role in war

More Importantly…

  • Since 1943 Allies planning attack across English Channel
  • June 6, 1944…under Dwight d Eisenhower Allied land on beaches of Normandy
slide24

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6pfczwJAbE

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OqSg7WO4tT4

D Day

slide27

The Holocaust

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime

atomic bomb

Little Boy

(Hiroshima August 6th)

  • followed byfat Man (Nagasaki August 9th)
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9odsuIcUk5w
Atomic Bomb
wwii results

Economic:

  • Cost $1 trillion with $230 billion of property damage;
  • Europe and Asia devastated;
  • Communist systems in place in USSR and eastern Europe
WWII Results
wwii results1

Social:

  • 51 million dead;
  • 34 million wounded
  • Millions of refugees
WWII Results
wwii results2

Political:

  • Germany, Italy and Japan totally defeated;
  • US and Russia are world powers- Cold War begins;
  • Eastern Europe becomes Russian satellite;
  • Asia and Africa begin to throw out Imperialistic powers.
WWII Results
wwii results3

Political Cont’d

  • Great Britain and France relinquish parts of empires;
  • Control of atomic power is major issue;
  • United Nations formed;
  • US assumes world leadership.
WWII Results
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