Nutrition management of diabetes
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 24

Nutrition Management of Diabetes PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 85 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Nutrition Management of Diabetes. Helpful tools you can use. Introduction. No one diabetic diet No special foods are required Goals of nutrition management: Blood sugar control Lose or maintain weight Promote heart health. A healthy diet for an adult. Each day have at least:

Download Presentation

Nutrition Management of Diabetes

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Nutrition management of diabetes

Nutrition Management of Diabetes

Helpful tools you can use


Introduction

Introduction

  • No one diabetic diet

  • No special foods are required

  • Goals of nutrition management:

    • Blood sugar control

    • Lose or maintain weight

    • Promote heart health


A healthy diet for an adult

A healthy diet for an adult

Each day have at least:

  • 2 cups of non-starchy vegetables

  • 1½ cups of fruit

  • 5 ounces of grains, beans or starchy vegetables

  • 3 cups of low-fat or fat-free milk

  • 5 ounces of meat or meat substitutes

  • Small amounts of fat and sugar


Healthy eating guide

Healthy Eating Guide


Exchange list basics

Exchange List Basics

  • Based on standardized portion sizes that provide 15 grams of carbohydrates

  • Encourages consistency

  • Food Groups:

    • Carbohydrate

      • Starch, vegetables, fruit, milk

    • Meat and meat substitutes

    • Fat

    • Free foods


Carbohydrate containing foods

Carbohydrate Containing Foods

  • Starch/Bread

  • Vegetable – starchy and non-starchy

  • Fruit

  • Milk

  • One carbohydrate “serving” or “choice”

    = 15 grams carbohydrate


How much carbohydrate should you have

How much carbohydrate should you have?

At meals

  • 3 to 4 carb servings which is equal to

  • 45-60 grams of carbohydrate

    Snacks

  • 1 to 2 carbs servings which is equal to

  • 15-30 grams of carbohydrate


Meat meat substitute

Meat/Meat Substitute

  • Lean: skinless chicken, turkey, beef loin, pork loin, fish, egg whites, non-fat and low fat cheese

  • Medium-fat: Ground beef, dark meat chicken, fried chicken, ribs, eggs, mozzarella cheese

  • High-fat: Sausage, regular cheese (cheddar, Swiss, etc.), bologna, hot dogs, bacon

  • Plant-based: Peanut butter, beans, hummus, tofu, soy-based imitation meat products


Free foods

Free Foods

  • Drinks – Bouillon or fat-free broth, sugar free soda, coffee, tea, water

  • Reduced-fat foods – Nonstick cooking spray, fat-free mayonnaise and salad dressing, fat-free cream cheese and sour cream

  • Sugar-free condiments – jelly, syrup, gum, candy

  • Condiments – Ketchup, salsa, mustard, vinegar

  • Seasoning – Flavored extracts, lemon pepper, soy sauce, hot sauce


Starch list

Starch list

What counts as a serving?

In general…

  • ½ cup cooked cereal, grain or starchy vegetable

  • 1/3 cup cooked rice or pasta

  • 1 ounce of a bread product such as 1 slice of bread

  • ¼ ounce to 1 ounce of most snack foods


Fruit list

Fruit List

Fresh, frozen, canned and dried fruits and fruit juices are on the Fruits list.

In general, 1 fruit choice is:

  • ½ cup of canned or fresh fruit or unsweetened fruit juice

  • 1 small fresh fruit (4 ounces)

  • 2 tablespoons of dried fruit


Milk list

Milk List

Milks and yogurts are grouped in three categories based on the amount of fat they have:

  • fat-free/low-fat

  • reduced-fat

  • whole


Non starchy vegetable list

Non-starchy Vegetable List

In general, 1 non-starchy vegetable choice is:

  • ½ cup of cooked vegetables or vegetable juice

  • 1 cup of raw vegetables


Nutrition management of diabetes

Fats

  • Monounsaturated – Avocados, olives, almonds, walnuts, peanut butter, pecans, olive oil, peanut oil, canola oil

  • Polyunsaturated – Corn oil, sunflower oil, soy oil, tub margarine, mayonnaise, regular salad dressing, pumpkin seeds

  • Saturated – Butter, bacon, cream, sour cream, salt pork, lard, cream cheese, stick margarine


Alternative sweeteners

Alternative Sweeteners


Nutrition management of diabetes

Nutrition Facts

Label


Nutrition facts label

Nutrition Facts Label

Total Carbohydrate40 gmDietary Fiber6 gm

Sugars 0 gm

Starch____________34 gm

Total Carbohydrate = Fiber + Sugar + Starch


Ingredient list

Ingredient List


Nutrition facts activity

Nutrition Facts Activity

Choose a partner

Come to the table and find packages for two similar products

Work with your partner to complete the worksheet


What s the point

What’s the Point??

Unstable blood sugars

Normal


What s the point1

What’s the Point??

Stable blood sugars

Normal


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Good nutrition is key to diabetes management

  • Practice

  • Be patient with yourself


Mediterranean diet

Mediterranean Diet

  • Lots of fresh fruits and vegetables including beans

  • Whole grains

  • Fish and seafood

  • Olive oil

  • Herbs, spices and vinegar

  • Wine


Let s taste

Let’s Taste!

  • White Bean and Tuna Salad

  • Baked Pita Chips


  • Login