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Napoleon: Foreign Policy and Downfall. European Conquest. Peace of Amiens between England and France (1802) Divorced after 1 year Napoleon begins disrupting- Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, and Italy Attempts to disrupt British supremacy in India-War ensues (1803)

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European conquest
European Conquest

  • Peace of Amiens between England and France (1802)

  • Divorced after 1 year

  • Napoleon begins disrupting- Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, and Italy

  • Attempts to disrupt British supremacy in India-War ensues (1803)

  • Battle of Trafalgar off coast of Spain

  • England remains undisputed supremacy of the seas


  • Coalition against Napoleon resurrected-England, Austria, Russia, and Sweden

  • Napoleon defeats Austrians at Ulm (Oct. 20, 1805)

  • Defeated Russian troops at Austerlitz

  • Treaty of Pressburg- Austria surrenders Italy

  • Napoleon recognized as King of Italy

Consequences of austria s defeat
Consequences of Austria’s Defeat

  • Prussia assumes Germanic supremacy

  • Napoleon unifies Southern Germanies into “Confederation of the Rhine”

  • Napoleon named as Protector

  • Ended the antiquated Holy Roman Empire

  • Under Treaty of Pressburg, Germanic states loyal to Napoleon remained independent

Prussia s fall
Prussia’s Fall

  • Prussian Emperor Frederick William III remained neutral

  • Received Electorate of Hanover

  • Prussian military leader, Duke of Brunswick, attacks France

  • Prussia’s army completely destroyed by Napoleon

  • Napoleon marches into Berlin as Frederick William III flees

Russian bear s alliance to france
Russian Bear’s Alliance to France?

  • Treaty of Tilsit (1807)- Czar Alexander I seeks peace as Napoleon moves to invade

  • Napoleon accepted as master if Western Europe

  • Napoleon’s brother Jerome rules over Duchy of Warsaw and Kingdom of Westphalia

  • Russia kept control of Eastern Europe after promising to help in trade war with England

Continental system
Continental System

  • Restricted importation of British goods to Europe and key European goods to England

  • Berlin Decree of November 1806- blockade of British Isles

  • All French ports closed to Britain and her colonies

  • England retaliates by declaring all ships trading with France ripe for capture

  • Although meant to cultivate European economic independence from England, actually caused economic hardship for all

Height of power 1808 1812
Height of Power 1808-1812

  • Invades Portugal after Portugal refuses to join Continental System

  • Conquers Spain and places his brother, Joseph on the throne as King of Spain

  • Peninsula War- Spain rebels, with English help, and pushes Joseph out across Pyrennies

  • France’s distraction with Spain causes Austria to declare war yet again (April 1809)- Austria loses…again

  • Napoleon divorces Josephine and marries daughter of Francis II of Austria

Never start a land war in asia
“Never Start a Land War in Asia”

  • Due to distrust of Napoleon, Czar Alexander I violates Tilsit and trades with Britain

  • France declares war on Russia

  • Russian forces use scorched earth method

  • Napoleon forced to retreat from Moscow

  • Europe avenges itself!

  • Battle of Natims (1813)

  • Napoleon retreats to France, troops desert his army, the Confederation of the Rhine collapses

The fall
The Fall

  • Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba

  • Congress of Vienna convenes- Bourbons restored to power

  • March 1, 1815- Bonaparte returns, but is put down yet again at Waterloo June 18, 1815 by Wellington and von Blucher

  • Exiled to St. Helena

  • Dies 1821- Murdered?? Natural Causes???