Motivation 4 exploration
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Motivation 4 Exploration!. EQ: What were the motivating factors that caused explorers and colonists to come to the Americas?. First a little review. What led to Europeans beginning to travel around the world and explore ? Black Death - Fall of Feudalism – Rise of stronger Monarchies

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Motivation 4 Exploration!

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Motivation 4 exploration

Motivation 4 Exploration!

EQ: What were the motivating factors that caused explorers and colonists to come to the Americas?


First a little review

First a little review.

What led to Europeans beginning to travel around the world and explore?

  • Black Death - Fall of Feudalism – Rise of stronger Monarchies

  • Fall of Constantinople – Old trade routes gone

  • Renaissance – People think for selves, New Technologies

  • Reformation – Power Shift (Church to Kings)


Push pull affect

Push – Pull Affect

Basically means that factors exist in the Old World literally pushing people out and at same time factors exist in the New World pulling people towards it.

  • Land Scarcity

  • Famine

  • Religious Persecution

  • Primogenitor: oldest son gets everything


Motivation for exploration

Motivation for Exploration

GOD GOLD GLORY

THE THREE G’s


Motivation 4 exploration

GOD

Said another way: Religion

  • Monarchs such as Queen Isabella of Spain wanted to spread her version of Catholicism throughout the world

  • Religious fervor sparked by the Reformation influenced this desire

Religious Freedom:

Groups would also look to the New World as an opportunity to practice religion the way they wanted.

Horrible Histories Church Scene:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjDAZREZ6SE


Motivation 4 exploration

Gold

Spanish Conquistadors found extremely wealthy civilizations literally packed with gold that sparked a sort of gold rush

  • Monarchs needed gold to pay their armies to maintain power

European powers found another source of wealth from the growth of sugar cane and the rise of sugar plantations

  • Start of mercantilism

  • Sparked the African Slave Trade


Glory

Glory

Some were just sparked on by the idea of fame, the fame of exploration as described by the original voyages of Marco Polo

Privateers raiding the Spanish Armada both in European waters as well as in the Americas

Influence men like Sir Walter Raleigh to establish the Roanoke expedition sponsored by Queen Elizabeth the “virgin queen”


Mercantilism an economic system used to increase the wealth and power of the mother country

Mercantilisman economic system used to increase the wealth and power of the “mother” country.

Developed during decay of feudalism

Create and Maintain wealth by imbalance of trade with new territory

  • Get resources from New World – Colonies

  • Manufacture finished goods back home- Old World (Europe)

  • Sell back to New World - Colonies


Sir walter raleigh north carolina

Sir Walter Raleigh & North Carolina

1584 Queen Elizabeth I: issues Sir Raleigh a charter to establish permanent colony in N. America

  • Second attempt known as The Lost Colony of Roanoke

    1663 Charter of Carolina – issued by King Charles II

  • Issued to 8 Lord Proprietors

  • Granting rights to rule the colony to the 8 individuals


  • Proprietary vs royal vs charter colony

    Proprietary vs. Royal vs. Charter Colony

    What’s the difference?:

    Royal Colony: DIRECTLY ruled by a monarch (King)

    Charter Colony: right to self govern granted to colonists via a charter (contract) with the King (England)

    Proprietary Colony: power to govern granted by the King to specific people

    • NC was Proprietary colony at first


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