TECHNOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL MITIGATION POTENTIALS AND OPPORTUNITIES
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TECHNOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL MITIGATION POTENTIALS AND OPPORTUNITIES major findings from the IPCC WG III contribution to the Third Assessment Report JOSÉ ROBERTO MOREIRA Biomass Users Network - Brazil CLA Chapter 3 WG III July 18, 2001. NO SHORTAGE OF FOSSIL FUELS.

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TECHNOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL MITIGATION POTENTIALS AND OPPORTUNITIES

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Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

TECHNOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL MITIGATION POTENTIALS AND OPPORTUNITIES

major findings from the IPCC WG III contribution to the Third Assessment Report

JOSÉ ROBERTO MOREIRA

Biomass Users Network - Brazil

CLA Chapter 3 WG III

July 18, 2001


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

NO SHORTAGE OF FOSSIL FUELS


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

DECOUPLING BETWEEN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND C EMISSION HAS OCCURRED BUT NOT ENOUGH

USA

Former USSR

Japan

China


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

DECOUPLING BETWEEN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND C EMISSION HAS OCCURRED BUT NOT ENOUGH


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

TRANSPORTATION IS A MAJOR CONCERN


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Mitigation options

  • Energy efficiency

  • Decarbonisation

    • energy sources

    • CO2 removal and storage

  • Biological carbon sequestration

  • Reducing other greenhouse gases from industry, agriculture, waste management


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

GHG emissions per kilometer for different vehicle technologies

gCeq/km

Source: Moomaw et al, IPCC, 2001


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Mitigation options

  • Energy efficiency

  • Decarbonisation

    • energy sources

    • CO2 removal and storage

  • Biological carbon sequestration

  • Reducing other greenhouse gases from industry, agriculture, waste management


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Long term technical potential renewable and nuclear energy supply

2100 Total Energy

Demand for SRES

scenario ranges

515-2737 EJ/yr

Nuclear 77-4620 EJ/yr on average over 100 years


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Mitigation options

  • Energy efficiency

  • Decarbonisation

    • energy sources

    • CO2 removal and storage

  • Biological carbon sequestration

  • Reducing other greenhouse gases from industry, agriculture, waste management


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Carbon dioxide storage capacities

Emissions to be avoided: 300-1500 GtC up to 2100

Source: Moomaw et al, IPCC, 2001


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Mitigation options

  • Energy efficiency

  • Decarbonisation

    • energy sources

    • CO2 removal and storage

  • Biological carbon sequestration

  • Reducing other greenhouse gases from industry, agriculture, waste management


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Biological mitigation potential: 100GtC up to 2050

Emissions to be avoided: 300-1500 GtC upto 2100


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Mitigation options

  • Energy efficiency

  • Decarbonisation

    • energy sources

    • CO2 removal and storage

  • Biological carbon sequestration

  • Reducing other greenhouse gases from industry, agriculture, waste management


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Mitigation potential till 2020(cost<$100/tC)

Compare to: 3,000-15,000 MtC/yr average to be avoided over 100 years

Source: Moomaw et al, IPCC, 2001


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Technology improvements have the potential to reduce emissions by 2010 and 2020 to levels below those in 2000

SRES Range

Carbon Equivalent Emissions

Technological Opportunities

2000

2010

2020


Technological and biological mitigation potentials and opportunities

Conclusions

  • Technologies are available in the short term to stop the growth of global GHG emissions

  • Technologies are available today to mitigate climate change in the long term

  • The real problem of controlling emissions is to overcome the many political, economic, social and behavioural barriers to implementing mitigation options


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