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Workshop on Agricultural Biotechnology for Knowledge Sharing in NENA Region 2 – 4 July 2012, Cairo Egypt. Agricultural Biotechnology & Information and Communication Technology in Republic of Yemen. Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MAI).

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Workshop on Agricultural Biotechnology for Knowledge Sharing in NENA Region

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Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

Workshop on Agricultural Biotechnology for

Knowledge Sharing in NENA Region

2 – 4 July 2012, Cairo Egypt

Agricultural Biotechnology & Information and Communication Technology in

Republic of Yemen

Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MAI)

Agricultural Research and Extension Authority (AREA)

Dr. Hamoud Ali AbdallaMokbel


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

Background:

  • Total land area has been estimated at 55.5 million hectares,

  • Arable land is about 3.5 million ha,

  • Cultivated area of Yemen is about 1.4 million ha,

  • The population is about 22 Million inhabitants,

  • Agriculture contribute about 11% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

  • The main institutions involve in agricultural research in Yemen are: 1) Agricultural Research and Extension Authority (AREA); 2)University of Sana’a, Faculty of Agriculture; 3) University of Aden, Nasser Faculty of Agriculture Science.

  • Agricultural Biotechnology R&D is relatively new issue in Yemen


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Some Effort Done on Biotechnology:

  • Faculty of Agriculture at Sana’a University has good lab space as well as good facilities for Tissue Culture;

  • AREA established Tissues Culture Laboratory in AREA Headquarter, Dhamar;

  • AREA established Tissue Culture Lab in Eastern Plateau Research Station (Seyoun) for date palm micro-propagation.

Al-Salehy et al. (2012)


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Some Effort Done on Biotechnology:

  • AREA, recently, supplied Biotech Laboratory in Dhamar by new equipments like:

  • Real time PCR, Conventional PCR,

  • Gel documentation system, electrophoreses

  • As well as a PAGE gel and ELISA and other related equipments.

  • AREA used the available fund from a new project on Biodiversity and Climate Change to order new equipments and regents.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Some Effort Done on Biotechnology:

  • AREA trained in country 14 Scientists in PGRFA molecular characterization,

  • AREA had a chance for training on Biotechnology in different institutions and laboratories some of this as follows:

  • DNA extraction from different crops, various DNA marker techniques like AFLP, ISSR at International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) laboratories – Vienna- Austria,

  • Introduction on Bioinformatics at Agricultural Genetic Engineering Research Institute (AGERI) –Egypt,

  • Practical training on molecular marker at ICARDA and on GMO,s detection at ICARDA too with cooperation of FAO.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

AREA Biotech Lab, Dhamar


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

Information and Communication

Technology (ICT):

  • ICT consists of IT as well as telecommunication, broadcast media, all types of audio and video processing and transmission and network based control and monitoring functions,

  • The term was first used in 1997 by Dennis Stevenson,

  • The term ICT is now also used to refer to the merging (convergence) of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single cabling or link system,

  • National Agricultural Biotechnology Knowledge Network is absent now in Yemen, but there are some ICT for Traditional Agricultural.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Policies and Strategies

  • Ministry of Telecommunication and Information Technology (MTIT) prepare a 2001-2025 ICT strategic vision for the purpose of supporting the development plans.

  • Strategic vision was not followed by the identification of policies

  • National Information Centre (NIC) has started some efforts in the year 2002 to prepare a national information strategy.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Policies and Strategies

  • In agriculture there have been a lot of emphases on the development of agricultural information systems:

  • First Five-year Plan (2000 – 2005), Second Five-year Plan (2006 – 2010).

  • Aden Agenda, the National Research Strategy, and the National Extension Strategy.

  • MAI with cooperation of UNDP formulates Agricultural Strategy Action Plan for five year period (2012 – 2016).

  • All of these were developed to meet the growing needs for information in agriculture sector.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Policies and Strategies

  • Yemeni EPA with cooperation of UNEP drafting National Biosafety Framework (NBF), which contains :

  • regulation

  • policies

  • guidelines for use, handling and

  • contain used of LMO,s in the country

  • Beside, information sharing with Biosafety Clearing House (BCH) at UNEP web site is one of international ICT on biotechnology sharing information.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Structure and Management

  • Local centre and general directorates interest with collecting, processing, documentation and communication of Agricultural Information:

  • General Directorate of Agricultural Statistics, MAI;

  • Documentation and Agricultural Information Centre, MAI;

  • General Directorate of Agricultural Extension and Information, MAI;

  • General Directorate of Information and Documentation of AREA;

  • General Directorate of Technology Transfer of AREA.

  • All of these centre and general directorates may be will play a vital role in Agricultural Biotechnology ICT and IC management.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Infrastructure and Applications

  • Second generation of Internet Facilities are available in Yemen,

  • All AREA Agricultural Research Stations and Centers connecting with ADSL internet,

    • Some Stations/Centers have internal internet Network to scientists office,

  • AREA website established to communicate research outputs and to ensure public awareness.

  • AREA planed for establishment electronic network to connecting its research station & centers; recently the implementation start with USAID cooperation.

http://www.area.gov.ye/english/ENGLISH.html


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Infrastructure and Applications

  • AREA established Electronic Information Data Base:

  • Local PGRFA Data Base with FAO cooperation,

  • Gene Bank Data Base of National Genetic Resource Centre,

  • Library Indexing for the Central Library of AREA,

  • Data Base of GIS in National Natural Resource Centre,

  • Data Base Information for AREA research project activities,

  • Data Base for AREA publications and the periodical Journal.

  • All of these Data Bases Information are not accessible except the first one.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Infrastructure and Applications

  • FAO funded establishment website for Information Sharing Mechanism for Plant Genetic Resource of Yemen.

  • Beside, some efforts done by FAO for establish Regional GMOs detection Platform. One of the outputs was establishment a regional website for Agricultural Biotechnology Knowledge.

  • AGORA website the most important source for knowledge sharing information in modern biotechnology, international free access.

http://www.pgrfa.org/gpa/yem/description1.html

http://rabnena.net/Pages/Index.aspx?CMSId=8


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Information dissemination

  • Under the supervision of Agricultural Extension and Information GD Yemen radio and TV disseminating information about traditional agricultural and valid ITK for farmers and public. Rare information about Biosafety disseminated,

  • Daily radio program propagating early morning and at night,

  • TV program weekly propagating,

  • Publications are the main tool for scientific information dissemination: technical reports, papers in periodical scientific journal; three Scientific Journal available, one published by AREA, second published by Unv. Of Aden and the last published by Yemeni Society of Biological Science.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Information and Communication

  • Technology (ICT):

  • Information dissemination

  • Libraries are the main source for scientific information dissemination.

  • AREA has central Library at head quarter and most Agricultural Research stations and Centers have a good Library; all open for interest scientist and students.

  • Faculty of Agriculture, Sana’a Unv. and Nasser Faculty of Agricultural Science, Aden Unv. have their own Libraries.

  • Most Scientists sharing information through E-mail, especially whom interest on modern biotechnology,

  • Agricultural Biotechnology still under construction, so its information dissemination will appear clearly after or during the process of enhancing the institutional Agricultural Biotechnology.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Constrains affecting ICT development:

  • Sallam, 2006 summarized the most important constraints could be affecting ICT development in Yemen as follows:

  • Lack of proper strategies and policies in the efficient use and the development of ICT,

  • Lack of proper data collection and information analysis mechanisms,

  • Inconsistency of collected data,

  • Lack of awareness about the importance of information and information technology,


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Constrains affecting ICT development:

  • Sallam, 2006 summarized the most important constraints could be affecting ICT development in Yemen as follows:

  • Lack of ICT technical skills,

  • Lack of managerial and administrative skills resulting in poor utilization of ICT in the decision making processes,

  • Lack of rules and regulations resulting in the spread of corruption and low incentives among the private firms to invest in ICT,

  • Lack of consistency in communication, preparation of collaborative programs, and exchange of information between AARINENA member countries.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

  • Outlook for ICT improvement:

  • AREA shall be play a vital role with cooperation of MAI, regional and international agencies to formulate national strategy on Agricultural ICT. That could be attained by following actions:

  • Preparation and implementation of proper policies and regulations that remove barriers that affect ICT development and adoption

  • Institutional capacity building and staff training in information systems’ development,

  • Mobilization of financial and human resources to support building a comprehensive agricultural information system,

  • Development of linkage mechanisms between researchers and extensionists through the use of efficient information and communication technologies,

  • Development of sustainable links with regional and international agencies related to ICT support and development,

  • Beside, AREA shall be adopt and function the Modern Agricultural Biotechnology by establishment National Agricultural Biotechnology Center.


Workshop on agricultural biotechnology for knowledge sharing in nena region

Thank you for your attention


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