Working with graphics
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Working with Graphics. Objectives. Understand bitmap and vector graphics Place a graphic into a frame Work with the content indicator Transform frame contents Use the Links panel Replace a linked image and embed a file Add graphics to a library.

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Working with graphics

Working with Graphics


Objectives

Objectives

Understand bitmap and vector graphics

Place a graphic into a frame

Work with the content indicator

Transform frame contents

Use the Links panel

Replace a linked image and embed a file

Add graphics to a library


Understanding bitmap and vector graphics

Understanding Bitmap and Vector Graphics

  • Bitmap graphic

    • Graphic that is made up of pixels

      • Tiny color squares arranged in a grid used to display graphics

      • Pixels can be seen when zooming

    • Examples:

      • Television screens

      • Scanned photographs

      • Photographs taken from a digital camera

      • Files created in an image-editing software program


Understanding bitmap and vector graphics1

Understanding Bitmap and Vector Graphics

  • Vector graphic

    • Graphic that is made up of vectors

      • Straight or curved line segments connected by anchor points (small dots)

    • Created in drawing programs

    • Ideal format for illustrations and logos

      • Can be resized in page layouts without losing image quality

    • Can be manipulated in InDesign using the Pen tool and Direct Selection tool


Understanding bitmap and vector graphics2

Understanding Bitmap and Vector Graphics

FIGURE D-1: Viewing pixels


Understanding bitmap and vector graphics3

Understanding Bitmap and Vector Graphics


Understanding bitmap and vector graphics4

Understanding Bitmap and Vector Graphics

  • Resolution is the number of pixels per inch (ppi) used to display computer graphics on a monitor

    • There should be at least 72 pixels per inch in order for a graphic to display correctly

    • The resolution required for printed materials, also known as the number of lines per inch (lpi) or dots per inch (dpi), is much higher because pixels are converted to dots when graphics are printed


Placing a graphic into a frame

Placing a Graphic into a Frame

  • Graphics are placed into frames

    • Using any of the frame tools:

      • Rectangle, Ellipse, and Polygon tool

    • Placed using the Place command on the File menu

      • Upper-left corner of the graphic snaps to the upper-left corner of the frame and fills the remainder of the frame

      • If the frame is larger than the graphic, not all of the frame will be filled

      • If the graphic is larger than the frame, part of the graphic will not be seen


Placing a graphic into a frame1

Placing a Graphic into a Frame


Placing a graphic into a frame2

Placing a Graphic into a Frame

Figure D-6: pizza.psd graphic placed in the frame


Working with the content indicator

Working with the Content Indicator

  • Content indicator

    • Donut-shaped icon

    • Appears over a placed graphic when Selection tool is moved over the graphic

    • Allows you to move a graphic in a frame without moving the frame

    • Image can be dragged until it is cropped to your liking

      • Cropping: hiding part of the image without permanently removing it


Working with the content indicator1

Working with the Content Indicator


Working with the content indicator2

Working with the Content Indicator

The Direct Selection tool has many uses in addition to selecting a placed object separately from its frame

Select the individual anchor points and line segments of vector graphics, then edit the graphic to make a subtle change or an entirely new shape


Transforming frame contents

Transforming Frame Contents

  • Control panel

    • Displays options for transforming frame contents

      • Examples: scale, rotate, center, or flip

    • There are also buttons for fitting the image to match the size of the frame and vice versa


Transforming frame contents1

Transforming Frame Contents


Transforming frame contents2

Transforming Frame Contents


Using the links panel

Using the Links Panel

  • When an image is placed in a frame a preview is displayed

    • Graphical representation of the original image file and not the file itself

    • Link is automatically established between the preview and actual image file

    • Linking images helps to keep file size manageable

      • Size of placed image files is not added to the InDesign file size


Using the links panel1

Using the Links Panel


Using the links panel2

Using the Links Panel

  • Editing a link

    • Use the Edit Original button on the Links panel

      or

    • Use the Edit Original command on the Links panel menu

    • The file opens in the software program that it was created in


Replacing a linked image and embedding a file

Replacing a Linked Image and Embedding a File

  • To replace a placed image in InDesign:

    • Click the image on the Links panel

    • Click the Relink button on the Links panel

    • Choose a new file in the Relink dialog box

    • New image replaces the original image

      • Inherits any fitting commands and transformations that were made to it


Replacing a linked image and embedding a file1

Replacing a Linked Image and Embedding a File

  • Embedding a file:

    • Makes it a permanent part of the file

      • No longer linked

    • Embedded files remain on the Links panel with an Embedded icon

    • Great way to protect a file from being changed, moved, or deleted

    • Link status


Replacing a linked image and embedding a file2

Replacing a Linked Image and Embedding a File

Figure D-15: Relink dialog box

Figure D-16: Embedding the logo file


Adding graphics to a library

Adding Graphics to a Library

  • Libraries

    • Strictly for storing often-used text, graphics, and pages for use in any InDesign document

    • Store all formatting applied to objects and text

    • InDesign files (with an .indl extension) that look and work like InDesign panels


Adding graphics to a library1

Adding Graphics to a Library


Adding graphics to a library2

Adding Graphics to a Library

  • Printing an InDesign document with linked files

    • Original files that are linked to the document must be present on the same computer in order for the document to print correctly

    • If you send your InDesign document to a printer or a service bureau for printing, you must send not only the InDesign document, but also all of the linked files in one folder


Unit summary

Unit Summary

  • Understand bitmap and vector graphics

  • Place a graphic into a frame

  • Work with the content indicator

  • Transform frame contents

  • Use the Links panel

  • Replace a linked image and embed a file

  • Add graphics to a library


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