म० प्र ०  राज्य निर्वाचन आयोग
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म० प्र ० राज्य निर्वाचन आयोग इलेक्ट्रॉनिक वोटिंग मशीन PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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म० प्र ० राज्य निर्वाचन आयोग इलेक्ट्रॉनिक वोटिंग मशीन. EVM – lkekU ; tkudkjh. jkT ; fuookZu vk;ksx } kjk bZ-Ogh-,e - dk iz;ksx vkxkeh LFkkuh ; fuokZpu esa fd , tkus dk fu.kZ ; fy;k gS A

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म० प्र ० राज्य निर्वाचन आयोग इलेक्ट्रॉनिक वोटिंग मशीन

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म० प्र ० राज्य निर्वाचन आयोग इलेक्ट्रॉनिक वोटिंग मशीन


EVM – lkekU; tkudkjh

  • jkT; fuookZuvk;ksx }kjkbZ-Ogh-,e- dkiz;ksxvkxkehLFkkuh; fuokZpuesafd, tkusdkfu.kZ; fy;kgS A

  • vkxkehLFkkuh; fuokZpuesabZ-Ogh-,e- dslkFkQksVks;qDrernkrklwphdkmi;ksxfd;ktkosxk A

  • bysDVªkfuddkjiksjs’kuvkQbf.M;kfyfeVsM ] gSnjkcknds }kjkjkT; fukoZpudsfy, bZ-Ogh-,e- rS;kj dh xbZgSa A

  • blbZ-Ogh-,e- ls ,d lkFk 8 in rd dsfuokZpudjk, tkldrsgSa A


EVM – lkekU; tkudkjh

  • bysDVªkfudoksfVaxe’khu dh lgk;rkls 60 vH;fFkZ;ksa rd dspqukodjk, tkldrsgSa A

  • ,d daVªksy ;wfuVvkSjpkjcSysV ;wfuVvkilesatksM+htkldrhgSa A

  • ,d cSysV ;wfuV 15 vH;fFkZ;ksa rd dkfuokZpudjkrhgS A bllsvf/kdvH;FkhZgksusij 30 rd nks ;wfuV ] 45 rd rhu ;wfuVvkSj 60 rd pkjcSysV ;wfuVdkiz;ksxfd;ktkrkgS A

  • nksuksa ;wfuV ¼ ch-;w- @ lh-;w- ½ dsjhckWDlesaccy 'khVdsvanj j[khgqbZnhtkrhgSa A

  • dsjhckWDldkmi;ksxcSBusesa u fd;ktkos ] e’khuuktqdmidj.kgSblslko/kkuhvkSjlrZdrkdslkFkiz;ksxesayk;ktkukgS A


EVM – e’khudkifjp;

  • vcgebysDVªkfudoksfVaxe’khudkifjp; izkIrdjrsgSa &

  • ;g e’khunks ;wfuVlsfeydjcuhgS

  • cSysV ;wfuV 2 daVªksy ;wfuV

  • cSysV ;wfuV ] eri= dkdkedjrhgSvkSjblsernku d{k dsHkhrj j[kktkrkgS A

  • daVªksy ;wfuVihBklhuvf/kdkjhdsfu;a=.k esajgrhgS A

  • nksuksa ;wfuV ,d interconnecting cable lstksM+htkrhgSa A


Interconnecting Cable

Control Unit

Ballot Unit

Sub-Units of EVM


Ready Lamp

Slide Switch Window

Candidate’s Button

Candidate’s Lamp

Ballot Paper Screen

Ballot Unit - Details


Ready Lamp

Slide Switch

Candidate’s Button

Masking Tab

Ballot Unit - Internal parts


Ballot Unit - ,d ifjp;

  • csysV ;wfuV ] eri= dkdk;ZdjrkgS A

  • cSysV ;wfuVesaikjn’khZHkkxijeri= yxkgksrkgS A

  • vH;FkhZdslkeus dh vksjykyjaxdkvH;FkhZdkySEigksrkgS A

  • izR;sdvH;FkhZdslkeusuhykjaxdkcVugksrkgSftlsvH;FkhZdkcVudgrsgSa ] blsnckdjvH;FkhZdsi{k esaernkufd;ktkrkgS A

  • cSysV ;wfuVesalkeus dh vksjck;harjQgjsjaxdkcYcgksrkgS ] ftlsjsMhySEidgktkrkgS A tcerdaVªksy ;wfuVlsfjyhtfd;ktkrkgS ] rc ;g tyusyxrkgS A ernkudjrsgh ;g cYccq> tkrkgS A

  • cSysV ;wfuVesankfguhvksj ,d lQsnikjn’khZ f[kM+dhgksrhgSftlsLykbMfLopdgrsgSaa A blij 1 2 3 4 vafdrgksrkgS A


Ballot Unit - ,d ifjp;

  • ,d cSysV ;wfuVesa 15 vH;FkhZcVugSavkSjykyjaxdkbUMcVugS ] vFkkZr~ 15 vH;fFkZ;ksadkfuokZpudjkusdsfy, ,d cSysV ;wfuV dh vko’;drkgksrhgS A

  • ,d daVªksy ;wfuVlspkjcSysV ;wfuVdkstksM+ktkldrkgS A

  • izR;sdcSysV ;wfuVls ,d dusfDVaxdscyyxhgksrhgS ] ftldkvafrefljk ,d dusDVjds :IkesagksrkgS A dusDVjdkVkWiokykHkkxmij dh vksj j[kdjblstksM+ktkrkgS A

  • cSysV ;wfuVdsihNs dh vksj ,d lkWdsVgS ] ftlesa ,d nwljhcSysV ;wfuV dh dusfaDaVxdscydkstksM+ktkldrkgS A


Ballot Unit - ,d ifjp;

  • cSysV ;wfuVdksdaVªksy ;wfuVlsla;kstudsfy, cSysV ;wfuVesayxhdusfDVaxdscydsdusDVjdksdaVªksy ;wfuVdslkdsVesayxkfn;ktkrkgS A

  • in vkSjvH;fFkZ;ksa dh la[;k dsvuqlkjcSysV ;wfuV dh la[;k r; gksrhgS A

  • cSysV ;wfuVdkLykbMfLop ;g r; djrkgSfdcSysV ;wfuVdkØeD;kgS A ftlcSysV ;wfuVesaLykbMfLop 1 ijlsVfd;kgqvkgS ] ogigyhcSysV ;wfuVdgykrhgS ] blsdaaVªksy ;wfuVlstksM+rsgSa

  • nwljhcSysV ;wfuVdkLykbMfLop 2 ij ] rhljhdk 3 ij o pkSFkhdk 4 ijlsVfd;kgksrkgS A nwljhcSysV ;wfuV ] igyhcSysV ;wfuVlslEc) gksxh A rhljhcSysV ;wfuV ] nwljhcSysV ;wfuVlslEc) gksxhvkSjblhizdkjvkxsla;kstufd;ktkosxk A


Ballot unit - ijLijla;kstu

Slide switch slide switch Slide switch Slide switch

at 1 at 2 at 3 at 4

C U

BU 1

BU 2

BU 3

BU 4


d`I;k /;kunsa !

  • cSysV ;wfuVizkIrdjrs le; ;g /;kunsafd ;g fjVfuZaxvf/kdkjhds }kjklhy dh xbZgS ] ;g lhyVwVhgqbZ ;k {kfrxzLrrks ugh gS A

  • cSysV ;wfuVesaLykbMfLopleqfprizdkjlslsVfd;kx;kgS A

  • eri= lgh <ax lsyxk;kx;kgS A

  • cSysV ;wfuVdkuacjmldsihNs dh vksj ,d LVhy dh IysVijmdjkgqvkgksrkgS ] ;ghuacjfjVfuZaxvf/kdkjhds ,MªslVsxijHkhvafdrgS A

  • vkidksvkcafVrcSysV ;wfuVdkuacjvkidsernkudsUnzdsfy, ghgS

  • dusfDVaxdscy {kfrxzLrrks ugh gS A

  • ftrusvH;FkhZpqukoeSnkuesagS ] mrusghuhysjaxdsvH;FkhZdscVu [kqysgq, gSa ] 'ks"kijlQsnjaxdkdOgjyxkgqvkgS A

  • ihBklhuvf/kdkjhdkscSysV ;wfuVesalhfyax ugh djukgksrhgS ] dsoymlsizkIrdjrs le; mDrlko/kkfu;kW j[kuhpkfg, A


ON Lamp

Busy Lamp

Display Section

Candidate Set Section

Result Section

Ballot Section

Ballot Button

Total Button

Control Unit


CONTROLL UNIT - ,d ifjp;

  • daVªksy ;wfuV ] e’khudkogHkkxgS ] ftllsernkudksfu;af=r fd;ktkrkgS A daVªksy ;wfuVdspkjHkkxgSa&

  • 1izn’kZu [k.M display section

  • 2ds.MhMsVlsV [k.Mcandidate set section

  • 3ifj.kke [k.Mresult section

  • 4cSysV [k.Mballot section


izn'kZu [k.MDisplay section

  • bl [k.Mesa ,d gjsjaxdkvkWucYc ] ykyjaxdkfcthcYc ,oanksfMLiysiSuygksrsgSa A

  • ,d fMLiysiSuygksrkgS A

  • tcdaVªksy ;wfuVdksvkWufd;ktkrkgSrcbldkgjsjaxokykvkWucYctyusyxrkgS A

  • tcerdksfjyhtfd;ktkrkgSrcfcthySEiykyjaxdktymBrkgS A lHkherMkyrsgh ;g ySEicq> tkrkgSvkSj chi dh vkoktvkrhgS ] tksladsrdjrhgSfderMkyfn;kx;kgS A

  • fMLIysiSuyijvko’;dtkudkfj;kWiznf’kZrgksrhgSa A


Candidate set section

inner door

Candidate set section

outer door

Provision for

thread seal

Latch

Candidate set

button

Power pack

compartment

Plug for

power pack

Provision for

Thread seal

Control Unit - Candidate Set Section


ds.MhMsVlsV [k.M & Candidate set section

  • bllsaDlu dh lgk;rklsernkue’khudksvH;fFkZ;ksa dh la[;k dsvuq:irS;kjfd;ktkrkgS ] blfy, blsds.MhMsVlsVlsDludgrsgSa A

  • bllsDludkckgjhnjoktk [kksyusijbldsnksHkkx fn[kkbZnsusyxrsgSa A

  • izFkeHkkxesanksfiuyxh fn[krhgSa ] ftlesacSVjhyxkbZtkrhgS A

  • nwljkHkkx ,d vkarfjdnjoktsls can jgrkgS ] ftldsvanjykyjaxdkds.MhMsVlsVcVugksrkgS A

  • vH;fFk;ksa dh la[;k dkslsVdjusdsfy, igysnksuksa ;wfuVdkstksM+djdaVªksy ;wfuVdksvkWufd;ktkrkgS ] vcblykyjaxdsds.MlsVcVudksnckdjvH;fFkZ;ksa dh la[;k dkslsVdjus dh dk;ZokghdjrsgSa A ftldkfoLr`rtkudkjhvkxs dh LykbMesanhxbZgSa A

  • ;g [k.MfjVfuZaxvf/kdkjhds }kjklhyfd;ktkrkgSrFkkds.MhMsV dh la[;k dksHkhosghlsVdjrsgSa A ihBklhuvf/kdkjhdksbl [k.MesadksbZHkhdk;Zokgh ugh djuhgksrh A


Result I

button

Clear button

Close

button

Frames for

Paper seal

Inner

latches

Result II

button

Control Unit - Result Section


ifj.kke [k.M & Result Section

  • bllsDlu dh lgk;rklsfuokZpuifj.kkeizkIrfd;ktkrkgS ] blfy, blsifj.kke [k.MdgrsgSa A

  • bllsDludsckgjhnjoktsdks [kksyusijnksHkkx fn[kkbZnsrsgS ] izFkeHkkxesa ,d dkysjaxdkcVugksrkgS ] ftlsDykstcVudgktkrkgS A

  • DykstcVudksnckdjernkudkslekIrfd;ktkrkgS A ;gkW /;ku j[kukpkfg, fd ,d ckjDykstdkcVunckusdsckniqu% erfjyht ugh fd, tkldrs A

  • DykstcVudsmij ¼ ckgjhnjoktsij ½ ,d <DduyxkgksrkgS ] ftlsgVkusijDykstcVu fn[kusyxrkgS A vcvkiviuhvaxqyhMkydjblDykstdscVudksnckldrsgSa A

  • ifj.kkelsDludsnwljs [k.Mesa ,d vkarfjdnjoktkgS ] ftlesanksNsn fn[kkbZnsrsgSa A buNsnksaesaviuhvaxqyhvkSjvaxwBsdksMkydjvanj dh vksjnckrsgq, ckgj [kahpusij ;g njoktk [kqytkrkgS A


ifj.kke [k.M & Result Section

  • vkarfjd njokts ds [kqyus ij nks ihys jax ds ifj.kke cVu result 1 ,oa result 2 fn[krs gSa] lkFk gh ,d lQsn jax dk fDy;j dk cVu fn[krk gS A

  • result 1 ds cVu dks nckdj ifj.kke Kkr fd;k tkrk gS A ;g ifj.kke vH;FkhZokj izkIr erksa dh la[;k dks n’kkZrk gS A

  • result 2 ds cVu dk dksbZ mi;ksx ugh gS ] vr% bldk iz;ksx ugh fd;k tkuk gS A u;h e’khu esa blds LFkku ij fizaV dk cVu yxk;k x;k gS ] tks ifj.kke dk fizaV nsrk gS A

  • fDy;j ds cVu dks nckdj e’khu esa vafdr fd, x, MkVk dks gVk;k tkrk gS A blds nckus ij e’khu ls ,d yach chi dh /ofu gksrh gS vkSj mlds Ik’pkr fMLiys lsD’ku ij lHkh vH;fFkZ;ksa dks izkIr er 00 vkus yxrs gSa A bl cVu dk iz;ksx de ls de ,d ckj ifj.kke Kkr djus ds mijkar gh djrs gSa A

  • ifj.kke [k.M dks ihBklhu vf/kdkjh ds }kjk eksd iksy ds mijkar lhy fd;k tkrk gS A


Total button

Ballot button

Control Unit - Ballot Section


cSysV [k.M & Ballot Section

  • bl [k.MesankscVu ] cSysVcVuvkSjVksVydkcVugksrkgS A bldsvykok ,d LihdjHkhyxkgksrkgS ] ftlls chi dh /ofulqukbZiM+rhgS A

  • cSysVcVudksnckdjerfjyhtfd;ktkrkgS A blsnckusijdaVªksy ;wfuVdkfcthySEityusyxrkgSvkSjcSysV ;wfuVdkgjkcYcHkhtymBrkgS A

  • VksVydscVudksnckdjfdlhHkh le; ijMkysgq, erksa dh dqy la[;k Kkr dh tkldrhgS A


daVªksy ;wfuVdscVuksadksvWkijsVdjusdkØe

CLEAR

RESULT-1

CAND. SET

CLOSE

BALLOT


Power Switch

Connector for

Auxiliary Unit

Connector for

Interconnecting Cable

Bottom Compartment

Cover

Control Unit - View of Bottom Compartment


daVªksy ;wfuV & fiNykHkkxdk n`’;

  • daVªksy ;wfuVdsfiNysHkkxesa ,d njoktkgS ] ftlsvaxwBslsnckdjvkSjvaxqfy;ksa dh lgk;rklsmijmBkdj [kksyktkrkgS A

  • bls [kksyusijikojfLop fn[kkbZnsrkgS ] blfLopdksvkWu dh eqnzkesaykdje’khudkspkywfd;ktkrkgS A

  • blHkkxesa ,d dusDVjgS ] ftlesacSysV ;wfuVlsyxhdusfDVaxdscydkstksM+ktkrkgS A

  • ,d vkWDtyjhdusDVjHkhblHkkxesagS ] tksfddkysjaxdsdsils <dkgksrkgS A gekjsfy, bldkdksbZmi;ksx ugh gS A

  • a


Candidate Set djuk

  • blds fy, nksuks ;wfuV dks b.Vj dusfDVo dscy ls tksM+ dj e’khu dks vkWu djuk pkfg, A

  • bl izfØ;k dks le>us ds iwoZ ;g tkuuk t:jh gS fd C.U. ls tqM+h gqbZ B.U. ds izFke nl vH;fFkZ;ksa ds cVu dh isM ds tSlk dke djrs gSa A

  • vFkkZr izFke vH;FkhZ ds lkeus dk cVu 1 ds fy, ] nwljs vH;FkhZ ds lkeus okyk cVu 2 ds fy, ] uosa vH;FkhZ ds lkeus dk cVu 9 ds fy, vkSj nlosa vH;FkhZ ds lkeus dk cVu 0 vad ds y, iz;ksx djrs gSa A


Candidate Set djuk

  • tc daVªksy ;wfuV ds dsaM lsV cVu dks nck;k tkrk gS rc fuEu Øe esa tkudkfj;ksa dks Hkjk tkrk gS &

  • 1 okMZ uacj

  • 2 ernku dsUnz Øekad

  • 3 inksa dh la[;k

  • 4 izFke in ds vH;fFkZ;ksa dh la[;k

  • 5 f}rh; in ds vH;fFkZ;ksa dh la[;k

  • 6 blh izdkj vkxs Hkh ftrus in ds fy, fuokZpu djkuk gks A


Ward no. lsVdjuk

  • okMZ uacj vkSj ernku dsUnz Øekad dks pkj vadksa esa lsV fd;k tkrk gS A

  • mnk0 & okMZ Øekad 3 vkSj ernku dsUnz Øekad 78 dks 0003 rFkk 0078 ds :i esa lsV fd;k tkosxk A

  • dsaM lsV cVu dks nckus ij e’khu ds fMLiys lsDlu ij okMZ uacj o & & ykbu :d :d dj chi dh /ofu ds lkFk vk;saxh A

  • vc okMZ uacj 3 dks lsV djus ds fy, 10 ]10 ] 10 ] 3 osa cVu dks nck;k tkosxk A

  • bl tkudkjh dks lqjf{kr djus ds fy, yky jax ds END cVu dks nckrs gSa A

  • okMZ la[;k lso gks tkrh gS A


Booth no. lsVdjuk

  • tSls gh okMZ la[;k lsV gks tkosxh e’khu vkils cwFk Øekad dh tkudkjh pkgsxh A

  • cwFk Øekad 78 dks lsV djus ds fy, 10] 10] 7] 8 ds vH;fFk;ksa ds lkeus ds uhys cVu nckrs gSa A

  • tkudkjh dks lqjf{kr djus ds fy, yky jax ds ds END cVu dks nckrs gSa A

  • ernku dsUnz Øekad dh tkudkjh lso gks tkrh gS A

  • /;ku jf[k;s mijksDr tkudkfj;kW vFkkZr okMZ Ø- rFkk ernku dsUnz Ø- dks yky jax ds ENDcVu dks nckdj lso fd;k tkrk gS A blds vkxs dh leLr tkudkfj;kW vius vki lso gksrh tkrh gSa A


Iknksa dh la[;k dkslsVdjuk

  • vc e’khu vxyh tkudkjh inkas dh la{;k ds laca/k esa iwNrh gS A

  • uxjh; fudk; ds fuokZpu esa v/;{k o ik“kZn nks inksa ds fy, fuokZpu gksuk gS ] rc inksa dh la[;k 2 lsV djus ds fy, nwljs uacj dk cVu nck;saxsa A

  • xzke iapk;r ds fuokZpu ds ekeys esa ftyk iapk;r lnL; ] tuin lnL; ,oa ljiap ds fuokZpu e’khu ls fd;k tkuk gS A vr% rhu inksa dh la[;k lsV djus ds fy, rhljs mEehnokj ds lkeus dk cVu nck;saxsa A


vH;fFkZ;ksa dh la[;k dkslsVdjuk

  • vc e’khu izFke in ds fy, izFke mEehokj ds ckjs esa tkuuk pkgsxh A

  • blds fy, izFke mEehnokj ds lkeus dk cVu nck nsrs gSa A

  • blds ckn e’khu izFke in ds vafre mEehnokj ds ckjs esa tkuuk pkgsxh A

  • blds fy, vafre mEehnokj ds lkeus dk cVu nck nsrs gSa A


vH;fFkZ;ksa dh la[;k dkslsVdjuk

  • vc e’khu tkuuk pkgrh gS fd izFke in ds fy, fdrus LFkku ij pquko gksuk gS A pwWfd gekjs ekeys esa ,d gh LFkku dk pquko gksuk gS vr% ge izFke mEehnokj ds lkeus dk cVu nck nsaxsa A

  • vFkkZr ;fn izFke in v/;{k dk gS vkSj f}rh; in ik"kZn dk rks gekjs ekeys esa v/;{k ds ,d in dk fuokZpu ,d gh lhV ds fy, gksuk gS ] blh izdkj ik"kZn dk Hkh ,d gh in gS A


vH;fFkZ;ksa dh la[;k dkslsVdjuk

  • vc e’khu f}rh; in ds fy, izFke mEehokj ds ckjs esa tkuuk pkgsxh A

  • blds fy, f}rh; in ds izFke mEehnokj ds lkeus dk cVu nck nsrs gSa A

  • blds ckn e’khu f}rh; in ds vafre mEehnokj ds ckjs esa tkuuk pkgsxh A

  • blds fy, f}rh; in ds vafre mEehnokj ds lkeus dk cVu nck nsrs gSa A


Moke Poll

  • bysDVªkfudoksfVaxe’khudksokLrfodernkudsfy, rS;kjdjusdsiwoZeksdiksydkvk;kstufd;ktkrkgS A

  • eksdiksye’khu dh fo’oluh;rk ,oaifj’kq)rkdksvH;FkhZ ;k mudsvfHkdrkZds le{k fl) djrkgS A

  • ;g izfØ;kihBklhuvf/kdkjhdksHkhe’khudslQylapkyudsfo"k; esafo’oklfnykrhgSvkSje’khudslHkhcVulqpk: :ilsdk;ZdjjgsgSa ] bldhtkWpdjkrhgS A

  • eksdiksydkvk;kstuokLrfodernkuds le; ls ,d ?k.VsiwoZizkjaHkdjnsukpkfg, A

  • eksdiksytgkW rd laHkogks de ls de nksvH;FkhZ;ksadsvfHkdrkZvksa dh mifLFkresafd;ktkukpkfg, A

  • ;fn eksdiksyizkjaHkdjrs le; dksbZHkhvfHkdrkZmifLFkr u gks ;k ek= ,d vH;FkhZdkvfHkdrkZmifLFkrgksrks 15 fefuVbartkjfd;ktkos


Moke Poll

  • ysfdu 15 fefuVbartkjdjusijHkhdksbZvfHkdrkZ u vkosrkseksdiksyviusghlkfFk;ksads le{k fd;ktkukpkfg, A

  • ekbØksvkCtZcjdsgksusijmUgSaHkhblizfØ;kesa ’kkfeyfd;ktkukpkfg, A

  • eksdiksyizkjaHkdjusdsfy, igysnksuksa ;wfuVksadkstksM+dj ] daVªksy ;wfuVdksvkWudjukpkfg, A

  • bldsIk’pkrfDy;jdkcVunckukpkfg, A bldsnckrsghizn’kZu [k.Mijtkudkfj;kWiznf’krgksusyxrhgSa A ftlesalHkhmEehnokjksadks 00 ervafdrgksuknf’kZrgksrkgS A

  • ;fn fDy;jdkcVunckusijno fy[kkvkosrksDykstdkcVunckdjtkudkfj;kWiznf’kZrgksusnsa ] mldsIk’pkrfjtYV 1 dkcVunckosavkSjtkudkfj;kWiznf’kZrgksusnsa ] vcfDy;jdkcVunckosa A


Moke Poll

  • fDy;jdkcVunckusdscknvkimifLFkrvH;FkhZ;ksa @vfHkdrkZvksalserMkyusdsfy, vkxzgdjsa A vkicSysVdkcVunckdjerfjyhtdjsavkSjlHkhvH;FkhZ;ksa @vfHkdrkZvksalserMyok;sa A

  • MkystkjgserksadkfglkcHkhfy[krstkosa A

  • ;fn lHkhvH;fFkZ;ksadsvfHkdrkZekStwn u gksarcHkhlHkhvH;fFkZ;ksadsi{k esaerMyok;stkosa A blls ;g izekf.krgkstkosxkfdlHkhuhysjaxdsvH;fFkZ;ksadscVudkedjjgsgSa A e’khuesalHkhcVudkedjjgsgSa ;g tkWpdjukHkhgekjk /;s; gSA

  • eksdiksyds le; de ls de 50 erMyok, tkukpkfg, A vr% erksa dh la[;k dksvH;FkhZokjckaVdjerMyok;ktkuklqfo/kkiw.kZgksxk A vFkkZr~ ;fn 09 vH;FkhZgksus dh fLFkfresaizR;sddsi{k esa 06 erMyokb, ] ftllsdqyer 54 gkstkosasaxsa A


Moke Poll

  • ernkulekIrdjusdsckn ;k blizfØ;kesafdlhHkh le; VksVydkcVunckdjdqyMkys x, erksa dh la[;k dkstkWpdjysa A

  • DykstdkcVunckdjernkulekIrdjsa A

  • bldsIk’pkr~ result 1dkcVunckdj ] vH;FkhZokjifj.kkeuksVdjsavkSjvfHkdrkZvksadksHkh fn[kkosa A

  • vcfDy;jdkcVunckdjeksdiksyesaMkys x, erksadkse’khulslkQdjnsa A

  • fDy;jdkcVunckusijiqu% vH;FkhZokjerksa dh la[;k iznf’kZrgksxhfdUrqvc ;g la[;k 00 vkosxh A

  • vcdaVªksy ;wfuVdksfLopvkWQdjlhfyax dh izfØ;kizkjaHkdjsa A

  • e’khudkslhydjusdsckndaVªksy ;wfuVdksvkudjokLrfodernkuizkjaHkdjkosa A


daVªksy ;wfuV dh lhfyax

  • daVªksy ;wfuV ds ifj.kke okyk [k.M dh lhfyax ihBklhu vf/kdkjh ds }kjk dh tkrh gS A

  • lcls igys xzhu isij lhy dk iz;ksx dj bl [k.M ds vkarfjd njokts dks lhy djrs gSa A

  • xzhu isij lhy fof’k"B uacj ;qDr gjs jax dh isij lhy gS A bl ij vafdr uEcj dks ihBklhu vf/kdkjh dks uksV dj ysuk pkfg, vkSj vfHkdrkZvksa dks Hkh uksV djus ds fy, dguk pkfg, A

  • xzhu isij lhy ij ihBklhu vf/kdkjh dks vius gLrk{kj djuk pkfg, vkSj vfHkdrkZvksa dks Hkh ,slk djus ds fy, dguk pkfg, A

  • xzhu isij lhy dks vkarfjd njokts esa yxkus ds mijkar njoktk can dj nsuk pkfg, vkSj Lis’ky Vsx ls Dykst cVu okys lsDlu dks lhy djuk pkfg, A


daVªksy ;wfuV dh lhfyax

  • Lis’kyVsxijdaVªksy ;wfuVdkuacjfy[kktkukgSvkSjbldsfiNysHkkxijihBklhuvf/kdkjhdksviusgLrk{kjdjukgS A

  • Lis’kyVsxdkslhydjusdsmijkarckgjhnjoktsdks can djfLVªilhylsxzhuisijlhydkslhydjukgS A fLVªilhyA B C D vafdrfLVdj ;qDrlhygS A

  • vcckgjhnjoktsdks ,MªlVsxdsek/;e lslhydjnsukpkfg, A


okLrfodernku dh rS;kjh

  • okLrfodernkudsiwoZloZizFkeVksVydkcVunckdje’khuesaMysgq, erksa dh la[;k dksKkrdjukpkfg, A

  • ;fn VksVydkcVunckusijdqyer 00 vkrsgSa ] rksokLrfodernkuizkjaHkdjukpkfg, A

  • ;fn ,slk ugh gksrkgSvkSjVksVydkcVunckusijdqNernf’kZrgksrsgSa ] rksvk’kf;rgSfdeksdiksydsmijkarMkys x, erksadksfDy;jdkcVunckdjgVk;k ugh x;kgS A vr% vclhfyaxgVkdjfDy;jdkcVunck, vkSjiqu% lhfyaxdjokLrfodernkudjkosa A


ernkrkdksernkrklwphesaigpkudjmldhmifLFkfrdksernkrkjftLVjesagLrk{kj ;k vaxwBkfu’kkuhysdjfjdkMZdjuk A

ihBklhuvf/kdkjhds }kjkdaVªksy ;wfuVdscSysVcVudksnckdjerfjyhtdjuk A

ernkrkdkernku d{k esaizos’kdjviusilandsvH;FkhZdsukedslkeus

ernku


cSysV ;wfuVesavH;FkhZdsukedslkeusokykykyySEidktymBukladsrnsrkgSfdernkrkds }kjkfn;kx;kermldsilandsvH;FkhZdsi{k esa My x;kgS A

erMkyusdsifj.kkeLo:i ] daVªksy ;wfuVls ,d chi dh /ofugksrhgS ] tksihBklhuvf/kdkjhdksladsrnsrhgSfderMkyfn;kx;kgS A

vcihBklhuvf/kdkjhvxykerfjyhtdjldrkgS ] blhizdkjernku dh izfØ;kvkxs c<+rhtkosxh A

ernku


dqN /;ku j[kus ;ksX; ckrsa

  • ;fn dksbZernkrkleLrvkSipkfjdrk,Wiw.kZdjusdsmijkarernkulsbadkjdjrkgS ] vkSjvkids }kjkdaVªksy ;wfuVlserfjyhtfd;ktkpqdkgS ] rksvki ml erdsfy, vxysernkrkdkbartkjdjldrsgSa A

  • ;fn ,slkernkrkvafreernkrkgS ] rksvkidaVªksy ;wfuVdsikojfLopdksvkWQdjiqu% vkWudjsa ] ,slkdjuslsvkids }kjkfjyhtfd;kgqvkerlekIrgkstkosxk A

  • bunksuksaghfLFkfr;ksaesaernkrkjftLVjdsfooj.kdsdkyeesa ^^ernkulsbadkjfd;k **vafdrfd;ktkukpkfg, A

  • ;fn dksbZernkrkernku dh xksiuh;rkdksHkaxdjrkgS] rcHkhvkimlsernsuslsbadkjdjldrsgSa ] blfLFkfresavkidksernkrkjftLVjesarnk’k; dh izfof"VdjukgS A


Errors

  • oksfVaxe’khuesanksizdkj dh =qfV;kW fn[kkbZ ns ldrhgSaa &

  • fyadbjj ;k LE ,oaizs’kMbjj ;k PE

  • Link Error & tccSysV ;wfuVdsdusfDVaxdscydksdaVªksy ;wfuVlsmfprizdkjls u tksM+kx;kgksrksrc ;g =qfVvkrhgS A blesacSysVcVudksnckusijizn’kZu [k.MesaLEfy[kkvkrkgS A blslgh <ax lsdusD’kudjnwjfd;ktkldrkgS A

  • blhizdkjtcLykbMfLoplghlsV u fd;kx;kgksrksHkhcSysVcVunckusijlink error vkrhgS A blifjfLFkfresagesanwljhe’khuizkIrdjukpkfg, A


Errors

  • Pressed error & ;fn cSysV ;wfuVdkdksbZernsusokykcVunckjgx;kgS ;k fdlhoLrqls ¼ tSlsydM+hdkVqdM+k ] dkxt ;k vU; dksbZHkhlkeku ½ nckfn;kx;kgSrks ;g =qfV fn[kkbZnsrhgS A blesacSysVcVudksnckusijizn’kZu [k.MesaPEfy[kkvkrkgS A

  • blsnwjdjusdsfy, ihBklhuvf/kdkjhdksvfHkdrkZvksadslkFkernku d{k esaizos’kdj ml lkekudksckgjfudkyysukpkfg, A


Lkko/kkuh

dHkhdHkhdqNernkrkcSysV ;wfuVdscVuijLVhdj ] VsitSlhphtsafpidkdj can djusdkiz;kldjrsgSa A vr% vkidks le; le; ijernku d{k dkHkze.kvfHkdrkZvksadslkFkdjrsjgukpkfg, A EVMdkiz;ksxcM+hlko/kkuhlsdjukpkfg, ] ;g e’khuvkidsdk;Zdksvklkucukus ,oalgk;rkdjusdsfy, gSa A blsviukfe= cukosa A


THANK YOU

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