二维电磁模型
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二维电磁模型. 基本方程与无量纲化 基本方程. 无量纲化. 方程化为. 二维时的方程. 网格划分. 时间上利用蛙跳格式. 计算步骤. 稳定性条件. 例子:磁场重联的二维粒子模拟. Magnetic reconnection rapidly converts magnetic energy into plasma energy, which leads to heating and acceleration of ions and electrons.

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二维电磁模型

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二维电磁模型

基本方程与无量纲化

基本方程


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无量纲化

方程化为


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二维时的方程


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网格划分

时间上利用蛙跳格式


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计算步骤


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稳定性条件


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例子:磁场重联的二维粒子模拟

Magnetic reconnection rapidly converts magnetic energy into plasma energy, which leads to heating and acceleration of ions and electrons.


Topology changes of magnetic field lines during magnetic reconnection

Topology changes of magnetic field lines during magnetic reconnection


Particle simulations fu and lu 2006

Particle simulations[Fu and Lu, 2006]

With 2D particle-in-cell simulations we investigate the influence of the guide field on the electron acceleration near X-point and O-point.


Initial conditions and boundary conditions

Initial conditions and boundary conditions:

Initial conditions

1D Harris current sheet in the (x,y) plane

Initial flux perturbation is introduced

Boundary conditions

X direction: periodic

Y direction: ideal conducting boundary

condition for EM fields,

Reflection condition for

particles


Parameters

Parameters


Time evolution of the reconnection flux for

Time evolution of the reconnection flux for


Contours of a b c d at for

Contours of (a) ,(b) , (c) ,(d) at for


Contours of a b c d at for1

Contours of (a) ,(b) , (c) ,(d) at for


Contours of a b c d at for2

Contours of (a) ,(b) , (c) ,(d) at for


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Typical trajectories in (x,y) plane, one passes through X-point (from to , the other is trapped near O-point (from to for


The time evolution of a the kinetic energy b c d for the electron passes through x point

The time evolution of (a) the kinetic energy, (b) , (c) ,(d) for The electron passes through X-point .


Comparison with others hoshino 2005 pritchett 2006

Comparison with others[Hoshino,2005; Pritchett, 2006]


The time evolution of a the kinetic energy b c d for the electron is trapped near o point

The time evolution of (a) the kinetic energy, (b) , (c) ,(d) for The electron is trapped near O-point .


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Typical trajectories in (x,y) plane, one passes through X-point (from to , the other is trapped near O-point (from to for


The time evolution of a the kinetic energy b c d for the electron passes through x point1

The time evolution of (a) the kinetic energy, (b) , (c) ,(d) for The electron passes through X-point .


The time evolution of a the kinetic energy b c d for the electron is trapped near o point1

The time evolution of (a) the kinetic energy, (b) , (c) ,(d) for The electron is trapped near O-point .


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Typical trajectories in (x,y) plane, one passes through X-point (from to , the other is trapped near O-point (from to for


The time evolution of a the kinetic energy b c d for the electron passes through x point2

The time evolution of (a) the kinetic energy, (b) , (c) ,(d) for The electron passes through X-point .


The time evolution of a the kinetic energy b c d for the electron is trapped near o point2

The time evolution of (a) the kinetic energy, (b) , (c) ,(d) for The electron is trapped near O-point .


The positions of the energetic electrons

The positions of the energetic electrons


Comparison with others pritchett 2006

Comparison with others [Pritchett, 2006]

no guide field


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With guide field 1.0B0


Discussion

Discussion

1.Observations of energetic electron in ion diffusion region in magnetotail [Oieroset, 2002]


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Figure 5 shows the plasma temperature, magnetic field vectors, high-speed flows and energetic electron differential fluxes. The bottom four panels denote electron differential fluxes obtained from the RAPID on the four satellites from 35.1 to 244.1keV.

A depletion in the energetic electron fluxes in the diffusion region was detected by all the four satellites. The duration is about 162s. Please note that the first two low energy channels of c3 is not well calibrated (Private communication from Q. G. Zong), while the other energy channels have the same depletion as other satellites.

Similarly, a local minimum of the plasma temperature can also be found near the center of diffusion region


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From Øieroset et al NATURE 2001 Fig 2.

By WIND satellite, the fluxes of energetic electrons up to ~300keV peak near the center of the diffusion region and decrease monotonically away from this region. No secondary acceleration was found in the reconnection.

Note:

the initial guild field is about 50% of the total magnetic field magnitude during the magnetic reconnection.

From Øieroset et al PRL 2002 Fig 1.


Potential applications in solar atmosphere drake et al 2006

Potential applications in Solar atmosphere [Drake et al., 2006]?


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