Class, Wednesday,  Dec 1, 2004
Download
1 / 10

______________________________________ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on

Class, Wednesday, Dec 1, 2004 Announcements. ______________________________________. Changes from schedule in the syllabus: pH and Spectrometer Labs due Friday, Dec 10.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' ______________________________________' - kylan-chan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Class, Wednesday, Dec 1, 2004

Announcements

______________________________________

  • Changes from schedule in the syllabus:

    • pH and Spectrometer Labs due Friday, Dec 10.

    • Last time we discussed Exam 3 on Friday, Dec 10. Will you be able to work longer than an hour at that time, or do you wish to have Exam 3 on Wednesday, Dec 8? The class decided Wed, Dec 8 for Exam 3. I’ll finish lecturing on this Friday, so you have Mon and Fri of next week off.

    • Final Exam, 10:00 AM, Wed., Dec 15.


Titration Curve Problem for a weak acid

______________________________________

  • 40.00 mL of a 0.03320 M alcohol and water solution of

  • p-cresol is going to be titrated with a 0.05000 M solution of KOH. Select 5 or 6 meaningful points for this titration. Use these points to sketch the approximate titration curve to be expected.


Titration Curve Problem for a weak acid: the solution

______________________________________

  • Let HCres represent the acid p-cresol. The chemical equation before the addition of any titrant may then be written as

  • HCres + H2O < == > Cres− + H3O+

  • and Ka = [Cres− ] [H3O+] / [HCres]


Titration Curve Problem for a weak acid: the solution

______________________________________

  • The first step is to calculate the volume of KOH titrant reach the equivalence point.

    • At the equivalence point,

      • the mmol of H+ = mmol of OH-, or

    • Vacid x Concacid = Vbase x Concbase

    • (40.00 mL)(0.03320 M) = Vbase x 0.05000 M

    • Vbase = 26.66 mL, the volume of KOH at eq. pt.


Titration Curve Problem for a weak acid: the solution

______________________________________

  • 2) The following points at selected to calculate the values of the pH at those points:

  • at VKOH = 0.00, 8.00, 20.00, 26.66, 30.00, & 35.00 mL; selection of the ½ V eq pt might also be helpful because at this point, the pH = pKa


Titration Curve Problem for a weak acid: the solution

______________________________________

  • 3) The pH values were calculated as described last lecture for the points selected. Also, recall from last lecture there are two points and two regions. They are

  • Vo, weak acid

  • V8.00 and V20.00, buffer region

  • V26.66 , the eq pt, the weak conj base of the acid.

  • V 30.00 and V35.00, region after eq pt, dilution of

  • excess titrant

  • Selection of the ½ V eq pt (1/2 x 26.66) = 13.33 might also be helpful because at this point, the pH = pKa. The results of these calculations are shown in the table of the next slide.


Titration Curve Problem for a weak acid: the solution

______________________________________


Titration Curve Problem for a weak acid: the solution

______________________________________

Notes: 1) This is not a great titration curve because the break at the eq pt (25.66 mL) is so small. 2) the change between V = 0 and 8 is large; probably good to make an additional calculation in this area, say at V = 4 or 5 mL.


Titration Curve Problem for a Weak Base

______________________________________


Friday we will discuss the following problem; work on it on your own between now and then.

______________________________________

  • The conjugate acid of the weak base cyclohexamine has a pKa = 10.57. 30.00 mL of a 0.06000 M solution of cyclohexamine is to be titrated with a 0.04500 M solution of standard HCl. Find points (pH values) at Vo, 0.25 Vept, 0.50 Vept 0.75 Vept , Vept , 1.1Vept and 1.2 Vept. Use these points to sketch a titration curve.