Hiv drugs and prisons in russia
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HIV, drugs and prisons in Russia. Anya Sarang. Russia. estimated 2 mln IDUs 1,5 estimated HIV cases HIV prevalence in IDUs reaches 75% in some cities HCV prevalence reaches 90% Available drug treatment outdated, ineffective, substitution banned No gov’t funded HIV prevention.

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HIV, drugs and prisons in Russia

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Hiv drugs and prisons in russia

HIV, drugs and prisons in Russia

Anya Sarang


Russia

Russia

  • estimated 2 mln IDUs

  • 1,5 estimated HIV cases

  • HIV prevalence in IDUs reaches 75% in some cities

  • HCV prevalence reaches 90%

  • Available drug treatment outdated, ineffective, substitution banned

  • No gov’t funded HIV prevention


Government approach repression and criminalization

government approach: repression and criminalization

  • ~ 1 mln people in prisons???

  • While drug use per se is not criminal…

  • possession of very small amounts is

  • faults in investigation and courts on drug cases:

    • majority of cases not thoroughly reviewed, based on false evidence, provocation (4 cases in ECHR)

    • Courts as “notary’s offices for prosecutors accusations”

  • high rate of incarceration sentencing

  • no alternatives to sentencing (treatment)


Drugs and hiv prevention

Drugs and HIV prevention

  • Over 55% male IDUs report prisons experience

  • Over 50% inmates on drug related charges (st pete)

  • Prisons as structural factors of HIV/TB transmission:

    • Drugs are available (study of 7 prisons demonstrates 43% injected in prison, others confirm)

    • Needles, drug treatment, and prevention not available

Drugs were around but you see a syringe is a

forbidden thing... With drugs it is possible to hide them

somehow, somewhere, but well, how do you hide a

syringe? So, if someone somehow got hold of a

syringe—maybe they brought it in or stole it

from the medical centre—then it was just

superachievement. Then that syringe would do

the rounds and rounds and rounds of the whole

camp. And then you get loads of syphilis, AIDS

and . . . Someone would shoot up once and then in

the course of the next 2 months about 20 people

would be in the isolation ward with viral hepatitis.

(Barnaul, male, 18)


Hiv and tb in prisons

HIV and TB in prisons

  • General conditions unhealthy and humiliating

  • 56.000 of HIV+ (11% of all PLWHs)

  • 40.000 active TB

  • 4371 HIV+TB

  • In 2009 TB grew 14,0% in one year


Problems

Problems

  • Prevention not available

  • Treatment of HIV regularly interrupted

  • Hepatitis C treatment not available

  • TB treatment of poor quality  Russia is one of the main producers of MDR-TB

  • No integration with outside services:

    Stop treatment on release:

    • 20% on ART

    • 50% on TB medications

      Fear: People are afraid to complaint and protect their rights!


Hiv drugs and prisons in russia

Learn about prisons in Russia from first-hand personal testimonials!

www.rylkov-fond.ru


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