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Environmental Practices. McGinnis Institute of Beet Sugar Technology 2014 Mr. Louis Knieper. Purpose. Gain familiarity with the environmental issues that affect beet-sugar manufacture Understanding of why these rules exist

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Environmental practices

EnvironmentalPractices

McGinnis Institute of Beet Sugar Technology 2014

Mr. Louis Knieper


Purpose
Purpose

  • Gain familiarity with the environmental issues that affect beet-sugar manufacture

  • Understanding of why these rules exist

  • Gain familiarity of how beet-sugar manufactures are complying with the rules

  • Understand that compliance is not optional


Topics
Topics

  • General discussion on the environment

  • Environmental Rules

  • Air issues for beet-sugar manufactures

  • Water issues for beet-sugar manufactures

  • Solid-waste issues for beet-sugar manufacturers

  • Enforcement of the rules








Minn dak environmental spending
Minn-Dak Environmental Spending

From: Jeff L. Carlson, VP Operations

Sent: Tuesday, March 15, 2005 3:11 PM

To: Steve M. Caspers, CFO

Cc: David H. Roche, CEO

Subject: Environmental Expenses

1997-2005

Total Capital Projects $29.7 million

Environmental Projects 5.59 million (18.8% of total capital projects)

FY 2004 Environmental Expenses

$2,750,000 (this includes all mud, limestone, rock and trash, air pollution control, wastewater processing, permitting and other expenses)


“But there are limits to how responsibly companies can behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”

David Vogel, Professor. Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley and author of The Market for Virtue: The Potential and Limits of Corporate Social Responsibility


Beet sugar manufacturing and the environment
Beet Sugar Manufacturing behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”and the Environment


Inputs for beet sugar manufacture
Inputs for Beet Sugar Manufacture behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”

  • Sugarbeets

  • Fuel

    • Coal

    • Natural Gas

    • Petroleum

    • Coke

    • Biofuels

  • Air

  • Electricity


Inputs for beet sugar manufacture1
Inputs for Beet Sugar Manufacture behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”

  • Limestone

  • Processing Chemicals

  • Sulfur or SO2

  • Cleaning Chemicals

  • Filtering Materials

  • Maintenance Chemicals

  • Maintenance Items (parts, metal, wood,etc.,)


Inputs for beet sugar manufacture2
Inputs for Beet Sugar Manufacture behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”

  • Capital Assets

    • Buildings

    • Land

    • Equipment


Factory inputs to process 1000 tons of sugarbeets
Factory Inputs to Process 1000 Tons of Sugarbeets behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”


Products and byproducts
Products and Byproducts behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”

  • Sugar

  • Pulp (wet or dry)

  • Molasses

  • Separator Concentrate


Every step of beet sugar manufacturing generates wastes
Every Step of Beet Sugar Manufacturing Generates Wastes behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”

  • Piling and Storage

  • Washing

  • Diffusion

  • Pulp Drying

  • Juice Purification and Evaporation

  • Crystallization

  • Steam Production

  • Wastewater Treatment

  • Solid Waste Handling

  • Sugar Packaging

  • Sugar Shipping


Wastes from piling and storage of sugarbeets
Wastes from Piling and Storage of Sugarbeets behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”

  • dirt and rocks

  • weeds

  • beets and beet parts


Wastes from beet cleaning
Wastes from Beet Cleaning behave when behaving responsibly raises their costs and consumers are unwilling to pay higher prices. The most important constraint on the pursuit of virtue is the market”

  • dirt and stones

  • weeds

  • beets and beet pieces

  • wastewater


Wastes from diffusion and purification evaporation and crystallization
Wastes from Diffusion and Purification, Evaporation and Crystallization

  • Wastelime

  • Unburned rock from limekiln

  • Combustion gasses from limekiln

  • Noncondensable gasses

  • Spent chemical cleaning solutions

  • Spent softener regenerating solutions

  • Condensate


Wastes from pulp handling and drying
Wastes from Pulp Handling and Drying Crystallization

  • Discarded pulp

  • Combustion gasses

  • Water vapor

  • Condensed water

  • Ash

  • Dust from dust collectors


Waste from steam and power generation
Waste from Steam and Power Generation Crystallization

  • Ash

  • Combustion Gasses

  • Pollution control wastes (water, dust, chemicals, filters)


Wastes from wastewater treatment
Wastes from Wastewater Treatment Crystallization

  • Sludge (biosolids)

  • Nutrients

  • Noxious gasses


Other wastes
Other Wastes Crystallization

  • Used oil

  • Discarded parts and equipment

  • Construction Wastes

  • Maintenance Wastes

  • Trash and Garbage

  • Discarded Beets

  • Contaminated Storm water

  • Contaminated Soil



Beet sugar factory outputs percent on total tons
Beet Sugar Factory Outputs Tons of Sugarbeets(Percent on Total Tons)


Strategies for handling environmental compliance
Strategies for Handling Environmental Compliance Tons of Sugarbeets

  • Prevention

  • Treatment for Reuse or Release

  • Release to the Environment

  • Storage


Prevention avoids the problem of pollutants
Prevention Tons of Sugarbeets(avoids the problem of pollutants)

  • Goes hand-in hand with cost reduction

    • Fuel efficiency

    • Lower Wastewater Generation

  • Can take large capital investment

    • Steam pulp dryer

    • Dry beet handling


Treatment for reuse or release removes or reduces pollutants to acceptable levels
Treatment for Reuse or Release ( Tons of SugarbeetsRemoves or reduces pollutants to acceptable levels)

  • Treatment for Reuse

    • wastewater

    • waste lime

  • Treatment for Release

    • Stack Gasses

    • wastewater

  • Treatment systems often generate their own wastes

    • dust (particle removal)

    • sludge (wastewater treatment)


Release into environment
Release into Environment Tons of Sugarbeets

  • Limited Capacity to accept Pollutants

  • Highly Regulated

  • Carefully Monitored


Almost all discharges are regulated
Almost all Discharges Are Regulated Tons of Sugarbeets

  • EPA

  • State Department of Health

  • Tribal Environmental Council

  • County Board

  • City Council


Penalties for not obeying environmental rules
Penalties for not Obeying Environmental Rules Tons of Sugarbeets

  • Civil and Criminal

  • Fines

  • Jail

  • Disqualification

  • Escalating


Discharging to the environment is costly
Discharging to the Environment is Costly Tons of Sugarbeets

  • Large Amount of Material

  • Compliance Costs

    • Permitting

    • Pre-discharge costs

    • Discharge monitoring

    • Post-discharge costs

  • Fines if there are problems


Temporary and permanent storage staging areas landfills and ponds
Temporary and Permanent Storage Tons of Sugarbeets(Staging Areas, Landfills and Ponds)

  • Ownership and Operations

  • Permitting

  • Ongoing Care

  • Liability


Strategy for environmental protection must balance many issues
Strategy for Environmental Protection must Balance many Issues

  • Balance Costs and Benefits

  • Should fit into larger corporate strategy

  • Should consider outside stakeholders

  • Should consider short- and long-term consequences


Environmental stewardship is the right thing
Environmental Stewardship is the Right Thing Issues

  • Protects Nature

  • Good Neighbor

  • Reduces Expenses (can make money)

  • Prevents Trouble

  • Part of the Job


Questions
Questions? Issues


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