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Making Connections. Building Knowledge Networks. Overview: Learning Process . Our Students?. “. . . Here and there in the midst of their ignorance, there were small disconnected islets of knowledge . . .” George Orwell The Clergyman’s Daughter. Disconnected Islets. Novices vs. Experts.

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Presentation Transcript
Making connections

Making Connections

Building Knowledge Networks



Our students
Our Students?

  • “. . . Here and there in the midst of their ignorance, there were small disconnected islets of knowledge . . .”

    George Orwell

    The Clergyman’s Daughter



Novices vs experts
Novices vs. Experts

“One important way experts’ and novices’ knowledge organizations differ is the number or density of connections among the concepts, facts, and skills they know . . . as experts in our domain, we may organize our knowledge in a way that is quite different from how our students organize theirs.”

Susan Ambrose et al

How Learning Works


How learning works
How Learning Works

Novice Learners

Expert Learners

Novices whose knowledge is “disconnected and lacks coherence can simultaneously hold and use contradictory propositions . . . without noticing the inconsistencies.”

“Experts tend to automatically process information in coherent chunks based on their prior knowledge and then use these chunks to build larger, more interconnected knowledge structures.”


Connected learning

“Experts tend to automatically process information in coherent chunks based on their prior knowledge and then use these chunks to build larger, more interconnected knowledge structures.”

How Learning Works

Connected Learning


Experts vs novices
Experts vs. Novices coherent chunks based on their prior knowledge and then use these chunks to build larger, more interconnected knowledge structures.”


Making connections1
Making Connections coherent chunks based on their prior knowledge and then use these chunks to build larger, more interconnected knowledge structures.”

“It is not a stretch to say that any neuronal network might potentially become connected with any other network, if that connection is a useful one.”

James Zull

The Art of Changing the Brain


The importance of prior knowledge
The Importance of Prior Knowledge coherent chunks based on their prior knowledge and then use these chunks to build larger, more interconnected knowledge structures.”

“We must let our students use the neuronal networks they already have. We cannot create new ones out of thin air or by putting them on a blackboard. And we cannot excise old ones. The only recourse we have is to begin with what the learner brings.”

James Zull

The Art of Changing the Brain


Dorothy s wallpaper

“They [the students] always showed more intelligence when it was a question of making something instead of merely learning.”

Dorothy’s Wallpaper


Making connections2
Making it was a question of Connections


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