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Host and Application Security. Lesson 17: Botnets. Almost done with Malware. Now that you’re done with traditional malware, let’s look at an important class or two we’ve ignored: rootkits and botnets. Rootkit. Actually, a pretty loose definition

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Presentation Transcript
almost done with malware
Almost done with Malware
  • Now that you’re done with traditional malware, let’s look at an important class or two we’ve ignored: rootkits and botnets
rootkit
Rootkit
  • Actually, a pretty loose definition
  • Can think of it as a piece of malware that is designed to allow an attacker privileged access to a computer
    • Rootkits usually allow access via the network
    • Rootkits usually are very stealthy, and provide ways an attacker can hide on the box
botnet
Botnet
  • Really, a form of rootkit, but the emphasis is on remote control
recruitment
Recruitment
  • Machines get recruited into botnets a large number of ways
  • Typically, web or email based exploit
  • This installs the bot on the machine
command and control
Command and Control
  • This can be thought of as the “Achilles heel” of the botnet
  • A botnet needs remote control
  • Thus, if we can detect the network traffic, we can detect the botnet
  • However, the botherder makes a large effort to protect his (her) investment
exploitation
Exploitation
  • Lots of uses:
    • DDoS attacks
    • Adware installation
    • Spyware installation
    • Spam
    • Click fraud
    • Spread to other machines
    • ID theft
c2 techniques
C2 Techniques
  • Simple: IRC
  • Complicated: Domain flux
    • Generate different candidate domain names every day
    • Bots “check in” with new domains every day
    • Not all domains need to be registered for this approach to work
c2 features
C2 features
  • Can break down into:
    • Topology: hub and spoke? P2P?
    • Rallying Mechanism: How new bots locate and join the botnet.
    • Communication Protocol: The underlying protocol used…
    • Control Mechanism: How new commands are sent. Callback? Polling?
    • Command Authentication Mechanism: How can we tell if a command is really from the botherder?
to do
To Do
  • Download and read “Your botnet is my botnet: Analysis of a Botnet Takeover”
  • Questions about this could be on the final…
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