Jackie Robinson
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Jackie Robinson. Mrs. Wasson. Influential because…. Became the 1 st African-American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) Started 1 st base for Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947 Played 10 seasons 6 World Series Dodgers World Champs in 1955

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Jackie robinson

Jackie Robinson

Mrs. Wasson


Jackie robinson

Influential because…

  • Became the 1st African-American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB)

  • Started 1st base for Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947

  • Played 10 seasons

    • 6 World Series

    • Dodgers World Champs in 1955

    • Selected for 6 consecutive All-Star Games 1949-1954

    • National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949


Jackie robinson

Birth Information

Jack Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson

  • Born January 31, 1919

  • Youngest of 5

  • Middle name honor of former President Theodore Roosevelt (died 25 days before he was born)


Jackie robinson

Early life

  • Parents: Jerry and Mallie Robinson, dad left family in 1920 (1 year old)

  • Moved to Pasadena, California

  • Mom worked odd jobs to support family

  • Lived in poverty in an affluent area

  • Joined a neighborhood gang, but his friend got him to leave


Jackie robinson

Family Life

  • Married Rachel Isum in 1946

    • Met at UCLA

  • 3 Children

    • Jackie, Jr. (died at age 25)

    • Sharon

    • David


Jackie robinson

School years

High School

College

1st athlete to earn varsity letter in 4 sports

1938, won region’s Most Valuable Player for baseball

Played football for semi-professional Honolulu Bears

  • Was encourage to pursue sports by older brother Mack (silver medalist at 1936 Summer Olympics)

  • Lettered in 4 sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball


Jackie robinson

Military Career

  • Drafted to a segregated Army cavalry unit in Fort rile, Kansas in 1942

  • 1944 - Court martialed for refusing to sit in back of bus

    • Was acquitted by all white panel of officers

    • Prohibited him from being deployed overseas

  • Served as a coach for Army athletics

  • Honorable discharge in November 1944


Jackie robinson

Post Military

  • Was athletic director at Sam Huston College in Austin, TX

  • While at Sam Huston College was asked to play professional baseball in the Negro leagues

    • Contract $400 ($5,240 in 2014 dollars) per month


Jackie robinson

Minor league career

  • 1946 – Montreal Royals Class AAA International League (Dodgers affiliate team)

  • Very controversial in racial area like Florida

    • Not allowed to stay in team hotel

    • Some spring training events cancelled

    • Some games called off


Jackie robinson

Major League Career

  • 1947 – Called up to Dodgers at age 28

  • Still racism

    • Some players sit out of games

  • Ended when Manager Leo Durocher stood up for him

    • Threatened to trade players if they did not play


Jackie robinson

More racism in majors

  • Teams threatened to strike

  • Ford Frick, National League President

    • Said striking players would be suspended

    • Caused rough playing towards Robinson


Jackie robinson

Post Baseball Life

  • 1957 - Retired from baseball at age 37

    • Medical problems from diabetes (hard to control it in those days)

  • 1962 - Baseball Hall of Fame

  • 1966 – 1972 TV analyst and commentator

    • 1st African-American TV sports analyst

  • 1972 – Dodgers retired his uniform number 42


Jackie robinson

Death

  • Son, Jackie Robinson Jr. died June 17, 1971

    • Automobile accident

  • Jackie Robinson died October 24, 1972

    • Had heart disease, diabetes which made him almost blind by middle age

    • Died of heart attack


Jackie robinson

Recognition

  • 1997 - #42 retired throughout MLB

    • 1st time a jersey retired throughout a sport

Main entrance of New York Mets, Citi Field called “Jackie Robinson Rotunda”

Brookside park in Pasadena, California - #42 on center field wall


Jackie robinson

“Jackie Robinson Day”

  • April 15, 2004 – 1st “Jackie Robinson Day”

    • Initiated by Major League Baseball

    • An annual tradition

    • April 15 every player on every team wears #42


Jackie robinson

Interesting facts

  • Great at all sports

  • After retirement was vice president of personnel for a coffee company

    • 1st African-American VP of a major American corporation

  • Co-founded Freedom National Bank – black owned and operated bank in Harlem, NY


Jackie robinson

Resources

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackie_Robinson

  • http://www.jackierobinson.com/about/bio.html

  • http://mentalfloss.com/article/50059/42-facts-about-jackie-robinson

  • http://www.biography.com/people/jackie-robinson-9460813

  • http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/jackie-robinson


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