Homework 1 solutions
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Homework 1 Solutions. Problem One. Use Clausius-Clapeyron Curve. From 0 o C to 3 o C – Change of ~1mb From 25 o C to 28 o C – Change of ~5mb. (8). More r ainfall in tropics due to higher surface temperatures (which results in higher SVP) . (2). Problem 2.

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Homework 1 Solutions

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Homework 1 solutions

Homework 1 Solutions


Problem one

Problem One

  • Use Clausius-Clapeyron Curve

From 0oC to 3oC – Change of ~1mb

From 25oC to 28oC – Change of ~5mb

(8)


Homework 1 solutions

  • More rainfall in tropics due to higher surface temperatures (which results in higher SVP)

(2)


Problem 2

Problem 2

  • Heat Capacity of Ocean > Heat Capacity of Land

    • Therefore land heats up and cools down faster than the ocean

(4)

Monsoon Regions

Summer

Winter

(6)

H

L

H

L

Land

Land

Ocean

Ocean

Cool

Warm

Warm

Cool


Problem 3

Problem 3

  • SSTs generally warm from east to west

  • Results in

    • More Precipitation where SSTs are higher (more moisture due to C-C equation) (3)

    • Warmer boundary layer over warmer SSTs

    • Surface pressure lower over higher SSTs (3)

    • Large scale vertical circulation produced (Walker Cell) (4)

(10)


Homework 1 solutions

  • Thermocline deepens from east to west

  • Thermocline differences due:

    • Easterly trade winds

      • Promote upwelling in east (cooler SSTs) (2)

      • Winds pile up warm water in the west (2)

      • SST Contrasts related to thermocline depth contrasts (2)

(6)


Problem 4

Problem 4

  • Weather – short term variations in the atmospheric circulation (2)

  • Climate – average weather conditions in a region taken over a long period of time (usually 30 years) (2)


Problem 5

Problem 5


Problem 6

Problem 6

  • Timescale differ days vs. 10-30 years vs. 100 years (1)

  • Type of predictability… initial conditions (weather) vs. boundary conditions (climate) vs. both (decadal) (3)


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