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Communism in China. AND BEYOND!!!. The Chinese Republic. Manchu Dynasty: The last of the Chinese dynasties People were mad that they allowed foreign influence in China Revolution of 1911: No more dynasties Chinese “Republic” began. Nationalist Party. Won the revolution

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Communism in China

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Communism in China

AND BEYOND!!!


The Chinese Republic

  • Manchu Dynasty:

  • The last of the Chinese dynasties

  • People were mad that they allowed foreign influence in China

  • Revolution of 1911:

  • No more dynasties

  • Chinese “Republic” began


Nationalist Party

  • Won the revolution

  • Ran the Chinese Republic

  • Sun Yixian:1st leader of the Chinese Republic

  • Jiang Jieshi: 2ndleader of the Republic


Rise of Communism in China

  • When:began in the 1920’s

  • Reasons:Republic (nationalists) did not make things much better

  • Peasant class was attracted to communism


Mao Zedong

  • 1st leader of the communists in China


Civil War

  • Communists vs. Nationalists

vs.


The “Long March”

  • The “Long March”:the communists ran away to the mountains where they:

  • gathered more people for communism

  • trained to fight (against Nationalists)

  • prepared to run their new communist government


Taiwan


That’s similar to…


100,000


8,000


Japan/World War II

  • Japan / World War II:when Japan attacked China (1937) the communists and nationalists:

  • stopped fighting each other

  • joined together

  • fought the Japanese


Communist Victory

Two Chinas

  • Following WWII, civil war began again

  • Communists won

  • Nationalists ran away to the Island of Taiwan

+ USSR

+ USA


Communist China

  • The People’s Republic of China:official name of Communist China

  • Mao’s China:not everything worked out so well


Mao

Great Leap Forward

  • Mao’s attempt to improve the economy

  • Forced changes in agriculture (communes) and industry

  • It failed


Cultural Revolution

  • Mao’s attempt to re-strengthen communism (1960s)

  • Reaction against intellectuals…many were killed


Cultural Revolution

  • Red Guard – young people sent, by Mao, into rural areas to “re-educate” the people

  • Little Red Book – every good communist had one and memorized it


Deng’s China

  • Deng Xiaoping:(1970’s) took over after the death of Mao…introduced modern changes (economic but not political)


Economic Reform

  • Economic Reform:Deng realized that China needed to reform economically


Economic Reform

  • Allowed some capitalism (private ownership of business)


Economic Reform

  • Allowed some western companies into certain areas of China


Political Freedoms

  • Anti-Communist Protests: new economic freedoms led some Chinese to want political freedoms


Tiananmen Square (1989)

  • Students led a pro-democracy (anti-communism) protest in 1989

  • Government sent in troops – thousands of protesters were killed…no democracy


Recent Events

  • Hu Jintao:current leader of China

  • Return of Hong Kong:

  • Had been a British colony since the 1800’s

  • Returned to China in 1997

  • Not supposed to change to communism for 50 years


Other Communist Governments


Key:

Communist

Democratic

Korea

  • The Partition:after WW II – Korea was split up by the allies: North – communist, South – democratic


Korean War

  • North invaded the South (1953)

  • In order to make one communist Korea

  • United Nations and U.S.stopped the invasion – for CONTAINMENT


Key:

Communist

Democratic

After WWII

Split at the 38th Parallel


Key:

Communist

Democratic

OMG!

Help us fight the Communists, USA!

September 1950

North Korean advance


Key:

Communist

Democratic

Oh, hi U.S. navy!

Maybe you could

BACK OFF?

November 1950

UN advance


Key:

Communist

Democratic

You’re welcome, North Korea 

January 1951

Chinese + North Koreans


Key:

Communist

Democratic

War Ends!

1953

Split at the Armistice Line


Key:

Communist

Democratic

Remember how it looked back in 1950?


NOT!

Key:

Communist

Democratic

OMG!!

SUCH A DIFFERENCE!


France

Vietnam

  • Colonial History:had been a French colony – “French Indo-China”

  • After the French left – Vietnam was split: North – communist, South – democratic


Ho Chi Minh

  • Leader of the communist North Vietnam

  • He was a “Nationalist” leader


Vietnam War

  • North invaded the South

  • Tried to make one communist Vietnam

  • U.S. supported the South – to stop the spread of communism (containment)

  • U.S. eventually pulled out – North won – today there in one Communist Vietnam


If one Asian country falls to Communism, they will all fall one-by-one like DOMINOES


DOMINO THEORY


Ho Chi Minh’s Communist government

Anti-Communist government set up by France and the U.S.


Communism isn’t looking so bad right about now


Vietcong


Two years later…

The North Vietnamese took over the South


1.5 million South Vietnamese flee

  • 1.5 million Vietnamese had died in the war

  • 58,000 Americans died


1975 - Evacuation of Saigon, South Vietnam


Ho Chi Minh City


Cuba

  • Location: Largest island in the Caribbean Sea (90 miles from Florida)

90 miles!


Historical Past

  • 1959 – communists under Fidel Castro took over Cuba

  • Castro was supported by the U.S.S.R.

  • U.S. tried to support a coup(the “Bay of Pigs Invasion”) it didn’t work

  • Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962


Relationship with the U.S. Today

  • Uneasy relationship between Cuba and the U.S.

  • Some trade and travel restrictions continue


Totalitarian

Totalitarian

5-year plan

Collectivism

Great Leap Forward

Purges

Cultural Revolution

Allies in WWII

Enemies in Cold War

Enemies in Cold War

Isolationism

Most Chinese praised

him but changed

his policies

Some Soviets glad

he was gone


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