By margaret i unubun executive secretary abwa
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THE ROLE AND CHALLENGES OF A PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTANCY ORGANIZATION IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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BY MARGARET I. UNUBUN EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, ABWA. THE ROLE AND CHALLENGES OF A PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTANCY ORGANIZATION IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. PREAMBLE.

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THE ROLE AND CHALLENGES OF A PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTANCY ORGANIZATION IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

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By margaret i unubun executive secretary abwa

BY MARGARET I. UNUBUN

EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, ABWA.

THE ROLE AND CHALLENGES OF A PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTANCY ORGANIZATION IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT


Preamble

PREAMBLE

I am delighted to be here with you to discuss the role and challenges of a PAO in national development at this august gathering of eminent professional accountants on whose broad shoulders lie the responsibility of steering the ANAN ship. Let me hasten to say that I see this RETREAT as a highly interactive one that seeks to enhance our individual and collective learning curves.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

I am therefore enthused by the Retreat Caption of “Good Governance Code for a PAO. Also the essence of the Retreat is embedded in the ANAN mission statement and core values of integrity, probity, honesty and good conscience.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

It is a welcome outreach. May I now, congratulate and commend the President and Council of ANAN and all those who have been involved in putting together this very laudable programme. It is a demonstration of the avowed dedication to progress the accountancy profession.


Role of a professional accountancy organization

ROLE OF A PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTANCY ORGANIZATION

Accountancy Profession being so undisputably dynamic, innovative and still developing, Roles and indeed Challenges of PAOs in national development vary albeit not too significantly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction if we focus on basic commonalities. However, it is important to remind ourselves on what the definition of a PAO is and or what it represents.


Contd

...CONTD

It is essentially a membership body comprising of individual professional accountants, who perform a variety of roles in the accountancy field (including financial & management accounting, auditing & quality assurance, taxation, insolvency, liquidation, consultancy and advisory services, etc) and adhere to high quality standards of practice and acting in the Public Interest thereby promoting good corporate governance and consistently applying global standards.


Duties of paos

DUTIES OF PAOs

  • Develop and produce competent and capable accountancy professionals through education, certification and robust and insightful post qualification professional development programs (CPD )carried out on continuous basis.

  • Promote and enforce strong professional and Ethical standards through adoption and implementation of international standards and best practices by its members exhibiting accountability, effective financial management and good governance.

  • Progress quality of financial reporting, strengthen professional behaviour, educate and reinforce best practices through systems that have Review processes, investigation, enforcement and discipline where necessary.


Contd1

...CONTD.

  • Act as a resource to government, regulators and other stakeholders by being a centre of knowledge and expertise with sound policy guidance and advice on accountancy related issues and submit timely input to national budgets.

  • Promote growth and development of the Small and Medium- sized enterprises who require high – quality financial information to support their business plans and facilitate access to credit and expand operations.

  • Act in the public interest and be a repository of information on accountancy in both general and specific terms for both private and public sectors.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

When the PAO functions properly and fulfils its role in the economy, financial information from members would be of such credible and reliable high quality that enhance public confidence and trust in the quality of the work of the accountants. Both existing and potential investors will be able to make better informed decisions.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

This also is a panacea for the development of Capital market which it is given requires credible and reliable financial information to build investor confidence, enhance economic development and increase the attractiveness of a country’s investment climate and thereby encourage inflows of FDIs and general business development.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

Businesses continually require high – quality financial information to support business planning, facilitate access to credit, expand operations and enhancing also the propensity for SMEs to thrive and grow. Further high quality financial information in the public sector enhances impact assessment of fiscal and monetary policy decisions, facilitating transparency and accountability in the use of public funds.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

It also aids internal management decisions in resource allocation, planning and budgeting, and monitoring. When the PAO has the capacity to facilitate the production of high quality financial information by its members, the donor community and development partners would start to show interest in providing assistance.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

The PAO can impact positively on national development where those at the helm of affairs, the governing council remain totally committed and put in place facilities to assist and monitor its members and continually promote professionalism.


Challenges of paos

CHALLENGES OF PAOs

  • Inadequate Capacity--- where the PAO does not have strong membership, access to adequate technical and financial resources, it becomes difficult to provide the necessary training and education programs for members. Development of quality assurance programs and establishing processes of investigation and disciplinary systems may be impossible and non - existent and the public trust and confidence may be impaired.

  • Lack of well focused and balanced Leadership.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

  • Lack of awareness and understanding on the part of government and other stakeholders regarding the importance of the role of professional accountants and the impact of a strong PAO on its members and thereby the economy.

  • Lack of clear legislative framework to support government’s recognition, the legal establishment of a system of educating, certifying the competences of accountancy professionals and the effective independent oversight function .


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

  • Internal weaknesses --- where there is lack of commitment and failure to promote the value of the profession which fuels the inability to attract individuals to the profession. This inhibits strategic planning and governance and thereby failure in providing educational opportunities and guidance to professional accountants.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

These challenges are interrelated and unless adequately addressed could diminish the positive role and impact of a PAO in its jurisdiction and thereby reduce its ability to contribute to economic growth, alleviate the poverty of the citizenry and make wealth creation a mere mirage.


Conclusion

CONCLUSION

The main question really is where do we as a PAO stand. What is our score card like. Are we poised to face the reality on ground and pursue sustainability initiatives and embrace our corporate and social responsibility and continually raise the professional image of our members. Do we have a system of feedback from members to assess their needs. Is there a concerted effort to balance these needs of our members in the various sectors of the economy?


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

Can we emphasize the import of consultation, buy –in where necessary, demonstrate high sense of commitment as well as maintain good member relations.

Can we kick start international debates on emerging issues relating to the education, development and assessment of professional accountants.

Can we establish a system of recognizing and rewarding excellent performance.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

Can we cooperate with other PAOs and leverage on their experience and strengthen the profession for posterity.

No member should be given the opportunity to say “ what is the PAO doing for him or her”.

What we need is the brightest and the best, active, vibrant and effective.


The role and challenges of a professional accountancy organization in national development

Thank you for tolerating me and God bless you all.

Margaret I. Unubun


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