S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety
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S02-470 HySafe – The network of excellence for hydrogen safety. Thomas JORDAN Institut für Kern- und Energietechnik Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH [email protected] hydrogen. hydrogen. hydrogen. hydrogen. hydrogen. hydrogen. hydrogen. hydrogen. methane. methane. methane.

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S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

S02-470HySafe – The network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Thomas JORDAN Institut für Kern- und EnergietechnikForschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH [email protected]


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

hydrogen

hydrogen

hydrogen

hydrogen

hydrogen

hydrogen

hydrogen

hydrogen

methane

methane

methane

methane

methane

methane

methane

methane

propane

propane

propane

propane

propane

propane

propane

propane

gasoline vap.

gasoline vap.

gasoline vap.

gasoline vap.

gasoline vap.

gasoline vap.

gasoline vap.

gasoline vap.

Introduction– Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Motivation

1,5

5

density

1,0

buoyancy

Safety relevant properties of

  • hydrogen

    - methane

    - propane

    - gasoline vapour

0,5

4

0,0

3

-0,5

3

kg/m

-1,0

rLuft-r Gas(kg/m3)

2

-1,5

-2,0

1

-2,5

-3,0

0

-3,5

0,7

80

0,35

diffusion coefficient

ignition energy

flammability range

0,6

70

0,3

F=1

60

0,5

0,25

50

0,4

/s

0,2

OEG-UEG (%)

2

mJ

40

cm

0,3

0,15

30

0,2

0,1

20

0,1

0,05

10

0

0

0

0,12

140

3

heat of combustion

detonation

sensitivity

laminar burning velocity

120

0,1

2,5

100

F=1

F=1

0,08

2

80

1/mm

MJ/kg

0,06

m/s

1,5

60

0,04

1

40

0,02

0,5

20

0

0

0


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction– Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Motivation

hydrogen

methane

propane

gasoline vapour

100

  • Differences between H2 and other burning gases ~ factor 10 in all important qualities

  • Successful risk management needs H2 specific analyses and mitigation measures

10

1

Related to hydrogen

0,1

Release

Mixing

Zündung

Lam. Deflagration

Turb. Deflagration

Detonation

0,01

F

mix

F

-r

L

S

-1

CJ

-1/2

·

AICC

CJ

AI

st

AICC

h

UFL-LFL

c

i

D

AICC

Q/m

Q/V

P

L

A

T

c

E

l

d

r

s

D

C

r

S

T

r

c

P

Dichte

-sonic

Auftrieb

-turbulent

AICC Druck

Zündenergie

Löschspaltweite

AICC Temperatur

Molekulare Diffusion

Strahlimpuls- laminar

CJ-Detonationsdruck

Detonationszellgröße

Brennbarkeitsgrenzen

Molare stöchiom. Konz.

CJ-Detonationsgeschw.

Laminare Brenngeschw.

Selbstzünd. Temperatur

Spez. Verbrennungswärme

AICC Schallgeschwindigkeit

Volum. Verbrennungswärme

Potential für Flammenbeschl.


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

dt =

Introduction– Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Objectives

NoE HySafe Objectives

  • strengthen and focus, integrate fragmented research on hydrogen safety  competitive scientific and industrial community

  • Promoting public awareness and trustin hydrogen technologies

  • development of an excellent safety culture

General Goal

Contribute to a safe transition to a sustainable developmentin Europe by facilitating the safe introduction of hydrogen technologies / applications


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction– Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Details

Consortium

24 partners from 12 European countries and one Canadian partner

12 public research organisations, 7 industrial partners, 5 universities

~150 scientists

Time schedule

network/project start:03/2004

subsidised max. duration: 5 years

Budget

Total > 13 M€ with a EC grant of max. 7 M€


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction –Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Consortium


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

European Commission

Governing Board

AdvisoryCouncil

Request

Reporting Single Point of Contact

Advise

Reporting

Approval

ManagementOffice

Request

Advise

Sub-CommitteeWP 16

Sub-CommitteeWP 1

Introduction –Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Organisational Structure

Co-ordinatorCo-ordination Committee

CoordinatorNATURALHY

CoordinatorSTORHY

CoordinatorHYWAYS


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

EH

SC

Introduction –Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

External Networking

IEA

RC&S

ISO

CEN

HFP

NorthAmerica

HyApproval

AdvisoryCouncil

European Hydrogen Safety Centre

HyWays

Japan

Russia

StorHy

HyTrain

HyCourse

NATURALHY

HyFire

R&D

E&T

HySAFEST


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

15 Work Packages in 4 Clusters


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Activity Matrix

Risik Control

Phenomena

Mitigation

RC&S

Risik

Analysis

Application /

Scenarios

Distribution

Fires andExplosions

Production

PIRT

Transport

Refueling

Street Vehicles

Other Vehicles

Portables

Stationary

Preliminary Ranking


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

IEF - Experimental Facilities

only 6 out of > 80


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

CFD Club –Benchmarking

SBEP V3 (Dispersion) 240g H2 into „garage“

SBEP V2 (Deflagration)20m hemisphere (Fh-ICT test)


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Numerical Tools I


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Numerical Tools II

> 30 Numerical Tools


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Administration & Risk “environment”Where (application, environment,…)

Technical specification of the event

Equipment spec, location,….

Hazardous Event Specification

What happened and why

Hazardous Event Consequences Specification

Fatalities, injuries, property damage, …

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Integration of Experience

Incidence and Accidents Database (HIAD) Structure:


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Integration/Support of RC&S


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Integration/Support of RC&S


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration–Activities – Dissemination

Research Headlines

  • (Partially) Confined Releases

  • Mitigation

have been determined by - initial PIRT study

- expert questionnaire- state-of-the-art survey

communicate the network’s working topics,

orientate the work on intermediate time scale (proposals for experiments, benchmarking, Internal Projects …)


Internal project inshyde

Internal Project “InsHyde”

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration–Activities – Dissemination

  • Investigation of realistic non-catastrophic releases in (partially) confined areas

  • Determination of permeation and release limits

  • Systematic assessment of mitigation (including detection) measures (sensors + venting + recombiner+...)

  • Simulations and experiments for critical releases

  • Deriving „Recommendations“, → standards, ...


Internal project hytunnel

Internal Project “HyTunnel”

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration–Activities – Dissemination

- Selection of broadly accepted szenarios.- Review of available relevant numerical and experimental simulations- Qualitative assessment on standard mitigation measures effectiveness (benchmark)

  • Experimental part (depending on financing)

  • Extension of the EC Tunnel „directives“

→ Improved Tunnel Safety with H2 as the fuel of the future


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration–Activities – Dissemination

Internal Project “HyTunnel”

Simulation of a LH2 release due to loss of thermal insulation in a tunnel accident


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration–Activities – Dissemination

Further activities …

… in WP9 “IgnHyd” Probabilistic Ignition Modelling

… in WP12 Applicability of existing HZ and Q-D rules

… with EC IP StorHy for storage in road vehicles.

- Bonfire Test Standard / Impinging jet fire (EIHPII)- Safety characterisation of solid storage materials / systems

… cooperation and safety review ofEC STREP HyApproval – handbook for refueling stationsEC STREP HyPER – handbook for small stationary system (under negotiation)


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

WP15: e-Academy

Design of curriculum (living document with many external contributions)

Database of hydrogen industries (publicly accessible via website)

Summer School on Hydrogen Safety HYCOURSEstart 19-24 August 2006 in Belfast

Early stage training HySAFEST, successful application for Marie-Curie-Program and possible clustering with HYFIRE

WP16: RC&S

Safety Assessment / Reporting Framework for FP7(HySafe Safety Action Plan) Guidelines for subsidised projects, safety audits and reporting templates

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

WP1: BRHS

First Edition of Biennial Report on Hydrogen Safety(constituting the iteratively updated “Handbook on Hydrogen Safety”)

Publicly accessible literature database


Int conference ichs

Int. Conference ICHS

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination

Invitation to the 2nd ICHS

on …


Short courses whec programme p 84

Short Courses (WHEC programme p. 84)

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination


Www hysafe net

www.hysafe.net

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities – Dissemination


S02 470 hysafe the network of excellence for hydrogen safety

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration – Activities –Dissemination

Support

NoE HySafe is co-funded by the European Commission within the 6th Framework Programme (2002-2006);Contract n°: SES6-CT-2004-502630.

The network is contributing to the implementation of the Key Action "Integrating and strengthening the ERA" within the Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development.

Thanks to all HySafe colleagues…

… and thank you for your attention.


Internal project hytunnel1

Internal Project “HyTunnel”

Introduction – Networking – Structuring Work – Integration–Activities – Dissemination

  • Accidents in public focus

  • Heterogenous regulations

  • Costly and long term investments


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