Ozone as a Function of Local Wind Speed and Direction: Evidence of Local and Regional Transport
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Ozone as a Function of Local Wind Speed and Direction: Evidence of Local and Regional Transport Rudolf B. Husar and Wandrille P. Renard CAPITA, Center for Air Pollution Impact and Trend Analysis Washington University St. Louis, Missouri. Background.

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Background

Ozone as a Function of Local Wind Speed and Direction: Evidence of Local and Regional TransportRudolf B. Husar and Wandrille P. RenardCAPITA, Center for Air Pollution Impact and Trend Analysis Washington University St. Louis, Missouri


Background

Background

Atmospheric conditions can exert a powerful influence on the distribution of pollutant concentrations in space and time.

Low wind speeds lead to the buildup of high local pollutant concentrations.

Strong ventilation with high wind speeds prevents the local build-up near the sources, but contributes to long-range transport and regional ozone particularly during directionally persistent wind conditions.

In this work, the dependence of ozone concentration on transport is analyzed by classifying the existing ozone concentration data into wind direction and wind speed bins, followed by concentration averaging in each bin.


Schematic illustration of a simple one dimensional model

Schematic illustration of a simple one-dimensional model


Concentration as a function of wind speed at different local source strengths

Concentration as a function of wind speed at different local source strengths


Background

Average ozone concentration at low ( <3 m/s) wind speed. a) 0-90 degrees. b) 90-180 degrees c) 180-270 degrees d) 270-360 degrees


Background

Average ozone concentration at intermediate (3-6 m/s) wind speed. a) 0-90 degrees. b) 90-180 degrees c) 180-270 degrees d) 270-360 degrees


Background

Average ozone concentration at high( >6 m/s) wind speed. a) 0-90 degrees. b) 90-180 degrees c) 180-270 degrees d) 270-360 degrees


Background

Average ozone concentration at all wind speeds. a) 0-90 degrees. b) 90-180 degrees c) 180-270 degrees d) 270-360 degrees


Dependence of ozone concentration on wind speed and direction at different metropolitan areas

Dependence of ozone concentration on wind speed and direction at different metropolitan areas


Dependence of ozone concentration on wind speed and direction at different metropolitan areas1

Dependence of ozone concentration on wind speed and direction at different metropolitan areas


Background

Relative decline of ozone concentrations with wind speed at different metropolitan areas. Strong decline indicates the influence of local sources, while weak decline suggests transported ozone


Ozone concentration roses for selected metropolitan areas

Ozone concentration roses for selected metropolitan areas


Summary and conclusions

Summary and Conclusions

  • Given a ten year (1986-1995) record, the dependence of ozone on wind direction and wind speed has been extracted.

  • In southern urban areas, where episodes are caused by local stagnation, ozone levels decline rapidly with increasing wind speed.

  • In northern cities, more influenced by transport, ozone levels depend less on wind speeds.

  • Tropospheric O3 background levels are found at nearly all of the borders of the OTAG domain, with the exception of the Windsor-Quebec corridor.

  • The wind directional analysis indicates that high ozone concentrations in excess of the tropospheric background originate from within the OTAG region.

  • The high ozone concentration regions roughly coincide with the pattern of anthropogenic precursor emissions as modified by atmospheric dispersion.

  • Consequently, it can be inferred that most of the excess ozone concentrations within the domain result from anthropogenic emissions within the domain and thus controllable by measures within the OTAG domain


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