Memo #1 Project design conditions

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# Memo #1 Project design conditions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Memo #1 Project design conditions. Objective : To determine whether replacement of standard oxide fuel in a large BWR by hydride fuel will result in a higher power Conditions Reference core: see tables in Lecture #2 Rod pitch and rod OD are variables, but must fit in existing duct

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Memo #1 Project design conditions
• Objective: To determine whether replacement of standard oxide fuel in a large BWR by hydride fuel will result in a higher power
• Conditions
• Reference core: see tables in Lecture #2
• Rod pitch and rod OD are variables, but must fit in existing duct
• The number of rods in bundle is a variable
• The hydride fueled fuel assembly has no water rods
• Cladding thickness and initial fuel-cladding gap are variables, but can be chosen around the values in Figs 2.7 and 2.8 of NUREG – 1754
• enrichment of hydride fuel not to exceed 20%; oxide  5%

For calculating the thermal conductivity of hydride fuel use: kU = 0.28 W/cm-K (dispersed phase); kZrH = 0.18 W/cm-K (continuous phase)

• Burnup goal: Total energy output equivalent to 60 MWd/kgU in oxide design
• no refueling
• LHR distribution (pending neutronic analysis):

where  = r/Rcore

-1/2 < z/L < 1/2

• liquid-metal bond can be used in hydride design; He bond in oxide
Inlet nozzle orificing: - none (same flow rate to all bundles) - to produce the same enthalpy rise for all bundles
• Constraint on outlet quality: 0.23
• maximum pressure drop over core: 200 kPa
• main T-H constraint: Critical power ratio (CPR)
• fuel composition: 21 vol. % U metal in ZrH1.6; or 45 wt % U