The english colonies
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The English Colonies. 1605-1774. The Southern Colonies. Founding a New Colony. Founding a New Colony. Jamestown founded May 14, 1607 40 miles up James River in Virginia Lack of preparation Surrounded by marshes Disease carrying mosquitos. Jamestown. 105 colonists 2/3 died by winter

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The English Colonies

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The english colonies

The English Colonies

1605-1774


The southern colonies

The Southern Colonies


Founding a new colony

Founding a New Colony


Founding a new colony1

Founding a New Colony

  • Jamestown founded May 14, 1607

  • 40 miles up James River in Virginia

  • Lack of preparation

  • Surrounded by marshes

  • Disease carrying mosquitos


Jamestown

Jamestown

  • 105 colonists

  • 2/3 died by winter

  • Lack of preparation

  • Disease carrying mosquitos


John smith

John Smith


The real john smith

The Real John Smith


John smith s impact

John Smith’s Impact

  • John Smith

  • Took Control of Jamestown 1608

  • Colonists rewarded for harder work

  • Powhatan Confederacy of Native Americans


John rolfe

John Rolfe

+

=


John rolfe s impact

John Rolfe’s Impact

  • John Rolfe made Jamestown profitable

  • Introduced new type of tobacco

  • Sold well in England


Powhatan confederacy

Powhatan Confederacy

+

=


Powhatan confederacy1

Powhatan Confederacy

  • John Rolfe married Pocahontas in 1614

  • Strengthened relations with Powhatan


Powhatan confederacy2

Powhatan Confederacy


War in virginia

War in Virginia

  • In 1622, colonists killed Powhatan leader

  • Powhatan retaliated later that year

  • Fighting continued for 20 more years


Headright system

Headright System

  • Colonists paid passage to Virginia

  • Received 50 acres of land

  • 50 additional acres for every new person brought.

  • Richer colonists + relatives (servants) = large amounts of land


Indentured servants

Indentured Servants

  • High death rates in Virginia

  • Majority of workers indentured servants

  • Contracted to work 4-7 years for person who paid passage


Expansion of slavery

Expansion of Slavery


Expansion of slavery1

Expansion of Slavery

  • First Africans brought in 1619 by Dutch

  • Demand for workers soon outpaced supply of indentured servants

  • Cost of slaves fell

  • By mid-1600s most Africans in Virginia were kept as slaves


Jamestown grows

Jamestown Grows

  • Economy of Jamestown grew

  • Colonial officials asked for more taxes

  • Poor colonists began to protest


Nathaniel bacon

Nathaniel Bacon


Nathaniel bacon1

Nathaniel Bacon

  • Opposed to trade with American Indians

  • Attacked friendly tribe in 1676


Bacon s rebellion

Bacon’s Rebellion


Bacon s rebellion1

Bacon’s Rebellion

  • Bacon attacked and burned Jamestown

  • Controlled much of the colony

  • …But died shortly after of dysentery


Other southern colonies

Other Southern Colonies

  • Church of England v. Roman Catholic Church

  • English Catholics were not allowed to worship freely

  • English leaders feared English Catholics would join other Catholic nations like France and Spain


Maryland

Maryland

Fightin’ Turtles

…Technically it’s a terrapin


Maryland1

Maryland

  • Proposed by Lord George Calvert as a haven for Catholics in America in 1620

  • Charter awarded in 1632 to Cecilius Calvert

  • Colony established in 1634 and named in honor of Queen Henrietta Maria


Maryland2

Maryland

  • By the 1640s, Protestants began moving into the colony

  • Religious conflicts arose

  • Cecilius Calvert (a.k.a Lord Baltimore) proposed the Toleration Act of 1649

  • Made it a crime to restrict the rights of all Christians

  • First law supporting religious tolerance in the colonies


North carolina

North Carolina

  • Settlers of North Carolina came primarily from Virginia


North carolina1

North Carolina

  • Split from South Carolina in 1712

  • Economy relied heavily on tobacco production


South carolina

South Carolina

  • Settlers of South Carolina came primarily from Europe


South carolina1

South Carolina

  • Like Virginia, those who paid their passage from Europe received large land grants

  • By 1730, some 20,000 slaves lived in South Carolina, compared to 10,000 white settlers

Remember this fact for later


Georgia

Georgia

  • Charter granted to James Oglethorpe in 1732

  • Intended as a buffer between

    Spanish Florida and the rest

    of the colonies

  • Oglethorpe wanted a place

    where debtors could make a

    fresh start

What a nice guy…


Georgia1

Georgia

  • In 1733 Oglethorpe founded Savannah

  • Did not want large plantations owned by a few

  • Outlawed slavery to accomplish this

  • But less than 20 years later….

  • New laws were passed and Georgia was soon filled with large rice plantations worked by thousands of slaves


Economies of southern colonies

Economies of Southern Colonies

  • Depended on agriculture

  • Many small farms and some large plantations

  • Warm climate and long growing season

  • Cash crops

  • By 1700s, slaves

    replaced indentured

    servants as main source

    of labor


Slave codes

Slave Codes

  • Slave Codes - Laws to control slaves

Virginia, 1705 – "If any slave resists his master...

and in correcting such a slave, shall happen to be killed in such correction...

the master shall be free of all punishment...

as if such accident never happened."

South Carolina, 1712 - Any slave who evades capture for 20 days or more

is to be publicly whipped for the first offense;

branded with the letter R on the right cheek for the second offense;

and lose one ear for the third offense;

and castrated for the fourth offense.

Alabama, 1833 - "Any person or persons who attempt to teach any free person of color,

or slave, to spell, read, or write, shall, upon conviction thereof by indictment,

be fined in a sum not less than two hundred and fifty dollars,

nor more than five hundred dollars."


The english colonies

“Tortures, murder, and every other imaginable barbarity…are practiced upon the poor slaves with impunity. I hope the slave-trade will be abolished.”

  • OlaudahEquinao


The big idea

The Big Idea

  • Despite a difficult beginning, the Southern Colonies soon flourished


Main ideas

Main Ideas

  • Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in America


Main ideas1

Main Ideas

  • Daily life in Virginia was challenging to the colonists


Main ideas2

Main Ideas

  • Religious freedom and economic opportunities were motives for founding other southern colonies


Main ideas3

Main Ideas

  • Farming and slavery were important to the economies of the southern colonies


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