Spanish Colonization of Latin America. Colonization. God, Gold, Glory Spread of the Roman Catholic Religion Reason—Gold , raw materials, and cash crops. Conquistadors were generally men looking to gain fame by conquering others. Columbus and Early Settlements.
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In 1532 Francisco Pizarro led his third expedition into South America, looking for gold.
Pizarro led 200 Spaniards and several South American enemies of the Inca against the 80,000 Inca.
In 1533, Pizarro overthrew the government of Atahualpa and the Spanish took custody of most of South America
5. Alliances with enemies of the Aztecs and Inca
A distinct social class structure was set up in Spanish colonies. 1) Pure Spaniards born in Spain 2) Pure Spaniards born in the Americas 3)Mestizos 4) Pure Natives
The Spanish were brutal toward natives. Thousands were killed in battle, from overwork, and from disease. Natives were forced to work for the Spaniards on plantations and in mines, where they looked for gold and silver.
The Spanish were able to take control of all of the land of Mesoamerica, the western portion of North America, and all of South America except Brazil (which was granted to Portugal in the Treaty of Tordesillas). While they claimed all of the land, most of it was still uninhabited by the Spanish.
Spain used the colonies to become the richest nation on earth.