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Bridge for Beginners. Lesson 11 Pre-emptive Bidding. Homework – Question 1.  AJ765  A8765  8  Q5.  T7632  K4  87  QJT8.  AQ7  Q986  Q853  Q6.  A76  K6  76  QJT865. Opponents open 1  . What do you bid?. 1 . Pass. P or 1NT. 2 .  AJ754

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Bridge for Beginners

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Bridge for beginners

Bridge for Beginners

Lesson 11

Pre-emptive Bidding


Homework question 1

Homework – Question 1

 AJ765

 A8765

 8

 Q5

 T7632

 K4

 87

 QJT8

 AQ7

 Q986

 Q853

 Q6

 A76

 K6

 76

 QJT865

  • Opponents open 1. What do you bid?

1

Pass

P or 1NT

2

 AJ754

 QT

 3

 AJ653

 AKJ8

 K5

 J6

 QJT86

 AK75

 K5

 KQ8

 Q743

 AK

 AKJT65

 Q5

 JT6

1

2

1NT

2 


Homework question 2

Homework – Question 2

  • Opponents have opened 1. Partner has overcalled.What do you bid?

A

K

Overcall

1

1

1

1NT

Your Bid?

P

3

1

3

9

7

2

J

T

5

3

7

6

3

4


Homework question 3

Homework – Question 3

  • Opponents have opened 1. Partner has overcalled.What do you bid?

Overcall

2

2

2

1NT

Your Bid?

4

2

2

3

Q

8

5

A

K

9

8

6

T

J

6

4

7


Pre emptive bidding

Pre-emptive Bidding

  • HCP are very important in NT contracts

  • In Suit Contracts length is as important

  • So we use rule of 20

  • When the shape is more extreme

  • HCP are less important


Pre emptive bidding1

Pre-emptive Bidding

We have 8 HCP

Rule of 20 = 18

We have 7 ’s

And a poor defensive hand

1 would mislead partner

We make a pre-emptive bid of 3

  • Consider this hand

6

5

4

8

7

6

5

2

A

Q

8

Q

7


Opening bids

Opening Bids

  • Opening 1 of a suit is a normal opener

  • Usually 12-19 HCP

  • Opening 2 of a suit is strong

  • Usually 20+ HCP

  • More next week!!

  • Opening 3 or more of a suit

  • Is weak and pre-emptive


Requirements for a pre empt

Requirements for a Pre-empt

  • At least 7 of the suit bid

  • About 6-9 HCP

  • With longer suit fewer HCP are needed

  • No other 4 card major


Objectives of a pre empt

Objectives of a Pre-empt

  • To get in opponents way

  • They probably have a fit in another suit

  • They may well be stronger than your side

  • You can make it hard for them to find their best contract

  • You do not expect to make the contract

  • But 1 off vul or 2 off non-vul is likely to be good for your side


Assessing what to bid

Assessing what to Bid

  • We should pre-empt as high as is safe

  • Subtract 2 from the long suit length

  • With 7 cards that gives 5

  • Add 1 for each A and K

  • Add 2 vul or 3 non-vul

  • If the result is 9 bid at the 3 level

  • If 10 bid at the 4 level

  • If 11 bid a major at the 4 level and a minor at the 5 level


Pre emptive bidding hand 1

Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 1

We have 8 HCP

Rule of 20 = 18

We have 7 ’s

So count 5

Add 1 for the Ace

Add 2 or 3 according to vulnerability

Vul = 8 – so PASS

Non-vul = 9 Bid 3

6

5

4

8

7

6

A

Q

5

2

8

Q

7


Pre emptive bidding hand 2

Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 2

We have 8 HCP

Rule of 20 = 18

We have 8 ’s

So count 6

Add 1 for the Ace

Add 2 or 3 according to vulnerability

Vul = 9 – so Bid 3

Non-vul = 10 Bid 4

6

5

8

7

6

A

Q

5

4

2

8

Q

7


Pre emptive bidding hand 3

Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 3

We have 8 HCP

Rule of 20 = 18

We have 7 ’s

So count 5

Add 1 for the K

Add 2 or 3 according to vulnerability

Vul = 8 – so Pass

Non-vul = 9 Bid 3

K

6

5

8

7

6

5

Q

4

2

8

Q

7


Pre emptive bidding hand 4

Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 4

We have 8 HCP

Rule of 20 = 19

We have 7 ’s

And we have 4 ’s

So open 1

We may find a better fit in ’s

But if opponents start bidding jump to 3

K

8

6

5

8

7

6

5

K

4

2

Q

7


Pre emptive bidding hand 5

Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 5

We have 4 HCP

Rule of 20 = 14

We have 7 ’s

Count is 5

Pass

Too weak for a pre-empt

Although very temping at favourable vulnerability

8

6

4

Q

9

8

7

6

4

2

8

Q

7


Responding to partner s pre empt

Responding to Partner’s Pre-empt

  • Remember that partner is weak

  • The bid is meant to get in opponents way

  • By taking up much of the bidding space

  • This often makes it difficult for us to find the right contract


Responses to pre emptive bidding hand 1

Responses to Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 1

Partner has opened 3

We have 14 HCP

And honours in the other suits

3NT looks very inviting

How will you run partner’s ’s

With only 1 entry?

Sadly you must Pass

You need 2 of the pre-empt suit for a NT try

K

6

5

4

A

Q

8

7

8

5

K

2

Q


Responses to pre emptive bidding hand 2

Responses to Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 2

Partner has opened 3

We have 16 HCP

And honours in the other suits

3NT looks very inviting

Now we have 2 entries

So bid 3NT hoping to run partners long minor

A

K

6

5

A

8

7

T

8

5

K

2

Q


Responses to pre emptive bidding hand 3

Responses to Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 3

Partner has opened 3

We have 13 HCP

And 6 ’s

3NT looks doubtful

Bid 3

The new suit at the 3 level shows 6 of the suit

Partner supports the major with 2 cards

Re-bids the minor with fewer

A

Q

J

8

7

3

K

3

K

6

4

T

9


Responses to pre emptive bidding hand 4

Responses to Pre-emptive Bidding – Hand 4

Partner has opened 3

We have 9 HCP

And 7 ’s

Both weak hands

PASS

Never bid a pre-empt over partner’s pre-empt

You would be at the 4 level

But if opponents bid a major

Support partner’s ’s

A

7

6

8

3

9

A

J

T

9

7

5

4


When opponents pre empt

When Opponents Pre-empt

  • You bid them to mess up opponents

  • They will do the same to you!

  • In general

  • If you would have overcalled opponents when they opened 1 of a suit

  • You should bid over their pre-empt


Overcalling a pre emptive bid

Overcalling a Pre-emptive Bid

Opponent has opened 3

We have 16 HCP

Bid 3

If you Pass

The pre-empt has been successful

Opponents have probably stolen your contract!

So bid if you can

A

Q

J

7

6

A

J

7

4

K

J

8

2


Pre emptive overcalls

Pre-emptive Overcalls

  • If opponents open 1 of a suit

  • And you have a pre-emptive hand

  • Make a pre-emptive overcall

  • Using the same rules as for pre-emptive openings


Pre emptive overcall

Pre-emptive Overcall

4

RHO bids 1

You should overcall 3

You make it hard for them to find a fit

And partner knows what your hand is like

Q

T

6

5

K

4

2

6

3

Q

5

4


Health warning

Health Warning

  • Never Ever Pre-empt over partner’s opening bid

  • We are trying to mess up the opponents

  • Partners get very upset!


Summary

Summary

  • Pre-empts are powerful weapons

  • Pre-empts are sacrificial

  • Not expected to make

  • But to get in opponents way

  • Be careful not to punish partner for pre-empting by getting carried away with the bidding


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