Perspectives on agriculture as a mitigation option
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Perspectives on agriculture as a mitigation option Community action & leadership R Gopichandran & Kirit Shelat. Emerging trends . Enduring Farms. Altieri A A & Koohafkan P 2008 Third World Network Small farms & traditional agricultural systems can help mitigate through

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Emerging trends

Perspectives on agriculture as a mitigation option

Community action & leadership

R Gopichandran & KiritShelat

Emerging trends


Enduring farms

Enduring Farms

  • Altieri A A & Koohafkan P 2008 Third World Network

    • Small farms & traditional agricultural systems can help mitigate through

      • carbon conservation

      • sequestration &

      • substitution

      • high bio-diversity more adaptable to weather events


Globally important agricultural heritage systems giahs

“Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)”

FAO

  • Promote agricultural biodiversity

  • ustainyear round yields with less dependence on agrochemicals

    • Chinampas: Islands of productivity Mexico

    • Waru-Warus : platforms of soil surrounded by water pools - South America

    • Traditional water harvesting systems : India

    • Floodwater farming (also called floodwater harvesting) to manage sporadic flashfloods for crop production.


Overseas development institute 2009

Overseas Development Institute 2009 :

  • RiPPLE :

    Research-inspired Policy and Practice Learning in Ethiopia and the Nile Region: Link water and livelihood


Intensive farming may ease climate change

Intensive farming may ease climate change

  • Stanford University study: Less-productive agricultural systems would

    • Destroy larger areas of waste / uncultivated land,

    • Enhance greenhouse-gas emissions &

    • Reduce biodiversity.

      J. A. Burney et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA doi:10.1073/pnas.0914216107; 2010)

      Zerocarbonplatform: http://zerocarbonfarm.com/community/node/137

      Jeff Tolefsonhttp://www.nature.com

  • Increasing crop yields preserve forests and other native lands: Borlaug hypothesis.


Climate witness

Climate Witness

  • WWF Scientific Advisory Panels : M A TEAPs & M A TOCs

  • Empower people; be inclusive – identify impacts rather than telling what the impacts are.

  • Communities to engage – rather than just listen

  • Make it real – Connects issues with real experiences

  • Bring it home – Show climate change is here, not future,

  • Build a network - Engage people who are interested

    NCCSD – Bottom up approach.


Eco system services

Eco system services

  • Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

    • Five major categories

    • Provisioning: production of food and water

    • Regulating: control of climate and disease

    • Supporting: nutrient cycles and crop pollination

    • Cultural: spiritual and recreational benefits &

    • Preserving: maintenance of diversity.


Carbon farming initiative

Carbon Farming Initiative

  • January 2011

    • Encourage biological farming methods

    • Reduce chemical inputs, fuel use, water consumption

    • Enhance

      • soil productivity &

      • diverse cropping systems.

    • Reduce GHG from manure management through regional biogas plants


Way forward

Way forward

Community based

Policy interventions

Access to alternatives

Cross cutting impacts

Use local technical resources

Knowledge and technology transfer

  • Inventory of best practices

    • Scout

    • Validate

    • Information gaps

  • Technical assistance

    • Upscale

    • Information on indicators

  • Pilots to differentiate natural & induced variations


A chemical ecology perspective

A chemical ecology perspective

Plants

Tri trophic interactions

Landscape vis – a vis alternative hosts

Allelochemicals

Cross resistance

Ecological conditioning

  • Age correlated biochemical profiles

  • Allelochemicals

  • Chemotypes

  • Allelopathic compounds

  • Natural & induced resistance

  • Yields

  • Transmission of tolerance characteristics


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