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COURSE REDESIGN: Increasing Student Success While Reducing Instructional Costs

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COURSE REDESIGN: Increasing Student Success While Reducing Instructional Costs. TODAY’S DISCUSSION. The National Center for Academic Transformation Proven Models for Successful Redesign Examples of Successful Redesigns.

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Presentation Transcript
today s discussion
TODAY’S DISCUSSION
  • The National Center for Academic Transformation
  • Proven Models for Successful Redesign
  • Examples of Successful Redesigns
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Established in 1999 as a University Center at RPI funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts
  • Became an independent non-profit organization in 2003
  • Mission: help colleges and universities learn how to use technology to improve student learning outcomes and reduce their instructional costs
ncat programs
NCAT PROGRAMS
  • Program in Course Redesign (PCR)
    • 30 institutions
  • Roadmap to Redesign (R2R)
    • 20 institutions
  • Colleagues Committed to Redesign (C2R)
    • 60 institutions
  • State and System-based Programs
    • 60+ institutions
    • AZ, MD, MS, SUNY, TN, TX
traditional instruction
TRADITIONAL INSTRUCTION

Seminars

Lectures

what s wrong with the lecture
WHAT’S WRONG WITH THE LECTURE?
  • Treats all students as if they are the same
  • Ineffective in engaging students
  • Inadequate individual assistance
  • Poor attendance and success rates
  • Students fail to retain learning
what s wrong with multiple sections
WHAT’S WRONG WITH MULTIPLE SECTIONS?
  • In theory: greater interaction
  • In practice: large class size
  • In practice: dominated by the same presentation techniques
  • Lack of coordination
  • Inconsistent outcomes
what does ncat mean by course redesign
WHAT DOES NCAT MEAN BY COURSE REDESIGN?
  • Course redesign is the process of redesigning whole courses (rather than individual classes or sections) to achieve better learning outcomes at a lower cost by taking advantage of the capabilities of information technology.
  • Course redesign is not just about putting courses online.
  • It is about rethinking the way we deliver instruction in light of the possibilities that new technology offers.
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PROGRAM IN

COURSE REDESIGN

To encourage colleges and universities to redesign their approaches to instruction using technology to achieve cost savings as well as quality enhancements.

50,000 students

30 projects

why redesign
WHY REDESIGN?
  • Look for courses where redesign will have a high impact:
  • High withdrawal/failure rates
  • Students on waiting lists
  • Students turned away – graduation bottleneck
  • Over enrollment of courses leading to multiple majors
  • Inconsistency of preparation
  • Difficulty getting qualified adjuncts
  • Difficulty in subsequent courses
academic areas
ACADEMIC AREAS
  • Sciences: Biology, Chemistry, Anatomy & Physiology, Physics, Geology
  • Humanities: English, Spanish, Fine Arts
  • Social Sciences: Psychology, Economics, Sociology
  • Quantitative Area: Math, Statistics, Computing
  • Professional Studies: Accounting, Nutrition, Organizational Behavior, Engineering Statics
all types of institutions
ALL TYPES OF INSTITUTIONS
  • Public
  • Private
  • Research Universities
  • Comprehensive Universities
  • State Colleges
  • Community Colleges
summary of results
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
  • 25 of the original 30 showed improvement; 5 showed equal learning
  • 24 measured retention; 18 showed improvement
  • All 30 showed cost reduction
  • Results in subsequent national and state and system programs have continued to show comparable results
what do the faculty say
WHAT DO THE FACULTY SAY?
  • “It’s the best experience I’ve ever had in a classroom.”
  • “The quality of my worklife has changed immeasurably for the better.”
  • “It’s a lot of work during the transition--but it’s worth it.”
redesign models
REDESIGN MODELS
  • Supplemental – Add to the current structure and/or change the content
  • Replacement – Blend face-to-face with online
  • activities
  • Emporium – Move all classes to a lab setting
  • Fully online – Conduct all (most)
  • learning activities online
  • Buffet – Mix and match according
  • to student preferences
  • Linked Workshop – JIT workshops
  • linked to college level course
redesign characteristics
REDESIGNCHARACTERISTICS
  • Redesign the whole course—not just a single class
  • Emphasize active learning—greater student engagement with the material and with one another
  • Rely heavily on readily available interactive software—used independently and in teams
  • Mastery learning—not self-paced
  • Increase on-demand, individualized assistance
  • Automate only those course components that can benefit from automation—e.g., homework, quizzes, exams
  • Replace single mode instruction with differentiated personnel strategies

Technology enables good pedagogy with large #s of students.

university of hawaii manoa
University of Hawaii, Manoa
  • The course of 600 students annually suffers from problems typical of multiple-section courses
  • course drift and inconsistent learning experiences for students
  • a one-size-fits-all approach
  • course material that needs constant updating
  • an inability to scale beyond the current infrastructure.
university of hawaii manoa1
University of Hawaii, Manoa
  • Traditional: 2 lecture section & 20 lab sections
  • Redesign: 2 hours in optional lecture and 2 hours in lab
  • Lectures are podcast in 30-minute segments – students listen to them as they complete lab exercises & homework
  • 5-minute podcasts of chapter summaries are also available.
university of hawaii manoa2
University of Hawaii, Manoa
  • Results
  • Scores on Midterm and Final Exams
    • Traditional: 66.18 and 68.95
    • Redesign: 83.52 and 75.93
  • Increase in level of questions asked by students indicating greater depth of learning in the redesign
  • Greater consistency in grading
  • Ability to grow without more staff
arizona state university computing and information literacy
Arizona State UniversityComputing and Information Literacy
  • Issues
  • Course is not learner-centered
  • Content does not develop problem-solving skills.
  • Course does not ensure that students with a broad range of learning styles and levels of preparation will master the content and succeed.
  • Course has high DFW rate, among the 30 highest rates at ASU.
arizona state university computing and information literacy1
Arizona State UniversityComputing and Information Literacy
  • Traditional: 8 lecture sections of ~270 - 2200 students annually
  • Redesign in 2 formats
    • Replacement: 2 lecture sections of ~299
      • One optional lecture each week
      • One open, interactive lab each week
      • Online resources
    • Online: 1 online section of up to 500 students
      • Students must pass an online assessment first
arizona state university computing and information literacy2
Arizona State UniversityComputing and Information Literacy
  • All students have
    • Interactive online projects
    • Discussion board
    • Quizzes which are automatically graded
    • Web-based, multi-media resources aligned with the text
arizona state university computing and information literacy3
Arizona State UniversityComputing and Information Literacy
  • Learning Results
  • Redesign course included more challenging content
  • All failing students had multiple missed assignments and/or projects
  • A very small percentages of students in the replacement model came to lecture
arizona state university computing and information literacy4
Arizona State UniversityComputing and Information Literacy
  • Students found the course more applied and valuable
  • Final grades
    • Increase in # of As in redesigned course: from 38% to 62%
    • Students in both formats did equally well at all grade levels
arizona state university computing and information literacy5
Arizona State UniversityComputing and Information Literacy
  • Cost Reduction
  • One faculty coordinator, rather than 2 instructors
  • GTAs: reduced from 2 to 1
  • UGAs: replace 6 undergrad graders with 5 undergrad learning assistants working fewer hours
  • Cost-per-student decreased from $50 to $38, a 24% reduction
other redesign examples
OTHER REDESIGN EXAMPLES
  • Drexel University – Computer Programming
  • State University of New York at Buffalo – Computer Literacy
  • University of Southern Mississippi – Introduction to Computing
faculty benefits
FACULTY BENEFITS
  • Increased opportunity to work directly with students who need help
  • Reduced grading
  • Technology does the tracking and monitoring
  • More practice and interaction for students without faculty effort
  • Ability to try different approaches to meet different student needs
  • Opportunity for continuous improvement of materials and approaches
a streamlined redesign methodology a menu of redesign options
A STREAMLINED REDESIGN METHODOLOGY“A Menu of Redesign Options”

Five Models for Course Redesign

Five Principles of Successful Course Redesign

Cost Reduction Strategies

Course Planning Tool

Course Structure Form

Five Models for Assessing

Student Learning

Five Critical Implementation Issues

Planning Checklist

course redesign increasing student success while reducing instructional costs

COURSE REDESIGN: Increasing Student Success While Reducing Instructional Costs

Carolyn Jarmon, Ph.D.

[email protected]

www.theNCAT.org

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