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YES. Are Graphic Novels Right For You?. Text. Text. Text. by: Nick, Krista, and Tabatha. What is a Graphic Novel?. Author Will Eisner first used the term “graphic novel” in his 1978 work Contract with God only as a marketing term to stick-out from other comics (Rothschild, 1995)

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YES.

Are Graphic Novels Right For You?

Text

Text

Text

  • by: Nick, Krista, and Tabatha


What is a graphic novel
What is a Graphic Novel?

  • Author Will Eisner first used the term “graphic novel” in his 1978 work Contract with God only as a marketing term to stick-out from other comics (Rothschild, 1995)

  • According to Goldsmith (2005), “the graphic novel is a complete within itself and provides a beginning, middle, and an end to the story or information it places before the reader. However, it shares the earmarks of sequential art that comic books incorporate: image and word are bound together in order for the narrative to unfold.” It is basically a comic in a novel length.

  • Art Form, not Genre


How old are you
How old are you?

  • Golden Age:1938-1944

  • Atomic Age:1944-1956-Comic’s Code Authority

  • Silver Age:1956-1972

  • Bronze Age:1972-1986

  • Modern Age(Iron Age):1986-Present

  • With the recent sophistication of this medium, many believe there needs to be a redefinition of “graphic novel” and “comic.” Some argue, such as Alan Moore (author of Watchmen), that “comic” should be applied to all (Kavanagh, 2000).


Historical context
Historical Context

  • Definition Overall need reformatting:

    • “A well done graphic novel offers the immediacy of the prose reading experience, with the pictures and the words working simultaneously, making a graphic novel not only something one reads but something one sees as well, like reading and watching a movie at the same time” Griffith 182).

  • GRAPHIC Novel term (word graphic being associated with Porn).

  • School Libraries-applicable to school libraries, more credibility


Maus a survivor s tale part i my father bleeds history 1986 part 2 and here my troubles began 1991
Maus: A Survivor’s TalePart I: My Father Bleeds History (1986)Part 2: And Here My Troubles Began (1991)

  • Written by Art Spiegelman; story about his Jewish father and his survival in the Holocaust. Jews are depicted as mice (Maus is German for “mouse”), Germans as cats, and Americans as dogs.

  • Pulitzer Prize in 1992, the first graphic novel to ever do so

  • Classical Comics Puffin Graphics: MacBeth and Wizard of Oz


Literacy
Literacy

  • Image literacy: a complex understanding of image within a context.

  • Media literacy: related to Internet and new technology literacies.

  • Semiotic modes: connecting graphic novels to the study of signs and symbols

  • New literacy studies: examine and understand the kinds of literacies.

  • Multiple modalities: comprehending a fused text/illustration format.


Public school libraries
Public School Libraries

  • Motivates Students to Read

  • Exceptional Students

  • Molds to the Curriculum


Building a credible collection
Building a Credible Collection

  • The graphic novel format is new and the presence in libraries is newer. Therefore, collection development for graphic novels is a newer science.

  • Important to note that “graphic novel” is a format and does not define age, taste, or aesthetic interest (Goldsmith, 2005

  • More graphic novels are published for adults than the juvenile audience

  • Libraries should start with a small core collection, and then circulation will tell where to build (Heaney, 2007)


Consider
Consider…

  • Will the collection serve children, adults, teens, ELL?

  • If targeting teens, does the library treat the community’s teens as sophisticated or as older children?

  • Budget?

  • Does library already accommodate the graphic novel format, or will new policies need to be addressed?


Bibliographic resources
Bibliographic Resources

  • Booklist, Library Journal and School Library Journal – offers shorter reviews. School Library Journal focuses on age-appropriate material.

  • Diamond Comics Bookshelf – online site featuring reviews by Kat Kan, an experience librarian and graphic novel fan. It is updated regularly and supplies professionally written reviews. (bookshelf.diamondcomics.com)

  • Comic’s Journal – focuses on comics and graphic novels as an art form

  • Artbomb – Reviews newer released graphic novels and comics (artbomb.net)

  • Grovel – British website that provides information on new Amercican and British graphic novels (grovel.org.uk)


Managing maintaining and promoting your collection
Managing, Maintaining, and Promoting Your Collection

  • Since many graphic novels are divided by series rather then one whole book, it is hard to keep the collection in order

  • Theft is a big issue: if one issue in a volume is missing, that one individual issue needs to be replaced or story is incomplete

  • Cataloging challenges: there may be many authors to one work (i.e. X-Men has 14 different authors); manga, which are Japanese comics, have to be cataloged differently as well

  • It is recommended that libraries adopt a bookstore shelving model for their graphic novels


Advocacy
Advocacy

  • Public Libraries: Intermediary, Ed. Connection, & Appeal

  • Comic Book Legal Defense Fund (CBLDF): non-profit organization for comics, cartoonists, and access and intellectual freedom issues

  • School Library Advocacy


Sources
Sources

  • Cornog, Martha, and Perper, Timothy, ed. 2009. Graphic novels: Beyond the basics. California: ABC-CLIO.

  • Weiner, Robert, ed. 2010. Graphic novels and comics in libraries and archives. North Carolina: McFarland and Company. =

  • Lyga, Allyson, and Lyga, Barry. 2004. Graphic novels in your media center: A definitive guide. Conneticut: Libraries Unlimited.

  • With RefWorks

  • Edwards, Buffy. 2009. Motivating middle school readers: The graphic novel link. School Library Media Activities Monthly 25, no. 8: 56-58, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ837441&site=ehost-live&scope=site; http://www.schoollibrarymedia.com/.

  • Frey, Nancy and Douglas Fisher. 2004. Using graphic novels, anime, and the internet in an urban high school. English Journal 93, no. 3: 19, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ716830&site=ehost-live&scope=site; http://www.ncte.journals/ej/issues.

  • Griffith, Paula E. 2010. Graphic novels in the secondary classroom and school libraries. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy 54, no. 3: 181-189, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ904693&site=ehost-live&scope=site; http://dx.doi.org/10.1598/JAAL.54.3.3.

  • Harris, Violet J. 2008. Selecting books that children will want to read. Reading Teacher 61, no. 5: 426-430, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=29407417&site=ehost-live&scope=site.


Sources1
Sources

  • Haynes, Elizabeth. 2009. Getting started with graphic novels in school libraries. Library Media Connection 27, no. 4: 10-12, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ832387&site=ehost-live&scope=site; http://www.linworth.com/pdf/lmc/reviews_and_articles/tables_of_contents/lmc_January_February_2009_toc.pdf.

  • Irwin, Marilyn and Robin Moeller. 2010. Seeing different: Portrayals of disability in young adult graphic novels. School Library Media Research 13, , http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ888377&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

  • Lyga, Allyson A. W. 2006. GRAPHIC NOVELS FOR (REALLY) YOUNG READERS. (cover story). School Library Journal 52, no. 3: 56-61, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=20089753&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

  • Nylund, Carol. 2007. Selecting mangas and graphic novels. Library Media Connection 25, no. 5: 30, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ762371&site=ehost-live&scope=site; http://www.linworth.com/pdf/lmc/reviews_and_articles/tables_of_contents/lmc_feb07_toc.pdf.

  • Ranker, Jason. 2007. Using comic books as read-alouds: Insights on reading instruction from an english as a second language classroom. Reading Teacher 61, no. 4: 296-305, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27773293&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

  • Rudiger, Hollis Margaret and Megan Schliesman. 2007. Graphic novels and school libraries. Knowledge Quest 36, no. 2-: 57-59, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ826944&site=ehost-live&scope=site; http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/aasl/aaslpubsandjournals/knowledgequest/knowledgequest.cfm.

  • Seyfried, Jonathan. 2008. Graphic novels as educational heavyweights. Knowledge Quest 36, no. 3: 44-48, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=31574475&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

  • Smetana, Linda, Darah Odelson, Heidi Burns, and Dana L. Grisham. 2009. Using graphic novels in the high school classroom: Engaging deaf students with a new genre. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy 53, no. 3: 228-240, http://ezproxy.dom.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ862137&site=ehost-live&scope=site; http://dx.doi.org/10.1598/JAAL.53.3.4.


Sources2
Sources

  • Rothschild, D.A. (1995) Graphic Novels: A Bibliographic Guide To Book-length Comics, Libraries Unlimited, Englewood, CO.

  • Goldsmith, Francisca. (2005) Graphic Novels Now. American Library Association: Chicago.

  • Kavanagh, Barry. (2000) Alan Moore Interview: Northampton / “graphic novel.” http://www.blather.net/articles/amoore/northampton.html (accessed October 17, 2011)

  • Heaney, Mary J. “Graphic Novels: a Sure Bet For Your Library.” Collection Building 26, no. 3 (April 2007): 72-76


Sources3
Sources

  • Crowley, Bill. 2008. Renewing Professional Librarianship: A Fundamental Rethinking. Westport: Libraries Unlimited.

  • Serchay, David. 2008. Graphic Novels for Children and Tweens. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, INC.

  • Goldsmith, Francisca. 2010. The Reader’s Advisory Guide to Graphic Novels. Chicago: American Library Association.

  • Pawuk, Michael. 2007. Graphic Novels: A Genre Guide to Comic Books, Manga and More. Westport: Libraries Unlimited.

  • Mouly, Francoise. 2011. Visual LIteracy. Children & Libraries: The Journal of the Association for Library Services to Children. ALA.

  • Create Your Own Comic: Marvel Super Hero Squad. 2009http://superherosquad.marvel.com/create_your_own_comic. <19 October 2011>.



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