Changing our culture from suppression to prevention
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Changing Our Culture… from suppression to prevention. Tammy L. Peavy Fire Safety Education Officer MS State Fire Marshal’s Office. Historical Fires. Did you know….?. Iroquois Theatre Fire December 30, 1903. 602 deaths. Considered “absolutely fireproof” Blocked/locked exits

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Changing Our Culture… from suppression to prevention

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Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Changing Our Culture…from suppression to prevention

Tammy L. Peavy

Fire Safety Education Officer

MS State Fire Marshal’s Office


Historical fires

Historical Fires

Did you know….?


Iroquois theatre fire december 30 1903

Iroquois Theatre FireDecember 30, 1903

602 deaths

Considered “absolutely fireproof”

Blocked/locked exits

Untrained staff

High risk population

Overcrowded

Combustibles

Politics

Fire extinguished in less than 10 minutes


Triangle shirtwaist factory fire march 25 1911 146 deaths

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory FireMarch 25, 1911146 deaths

  • FD 6 blocks away

  • 6 bodies on ground upon FD arrival

  • Fire extinguished in 18 minutes


Station nightclub fire february 20 2003 100 deaths

Station Nightclub FireFebruary 20, 2003100 deaths

  • FD arrived 4.5 minutes into the fire


Rhythm nightclub fire april 23 1940 209 deaths

Rhythm Nightclub FireApril 23, 1940209 deaths

Natchez, Mississippi

One point of egress

Combustible materials

FD on scene in 5 minutes

Fire extinguished in 15 minutes


Residential fires

Residential fires

  • in Mississippi

  • 2007………………77

  • 2008…………..…78

  • 2009…………..…89

  • 2010………………82

  • 2011………….……80

  • 2012……….…..…63

  • 2013……….…..…26

    …and counting


Sean s story

Sean’s Story


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives

www.lifesafetyinitiatives.com


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Initiative #1

Define and advocate the need for a cultural change within the fire service relating to safety incorporating leadership, management, supervision, accountability and personal responsibility.


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Initiative #3

Focus greater attention on the integration of risk management with incident management at al levels, including strategic, tactical, and planning responsibilities.


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Initiative #4

All firefighters must be empowered to stop unsafe practices.


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Initiative #14

Public Education must receive more resources and be championed as a critical fire and life safety program.


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Initiative #15

Advocacy must be strengthened for the enforcement of codes and the installation of home fire sprinklers.


The five step process

The Five Step Process

  • Conduct community analysis

    • Type of incident

    • Where

    • When

    • Who

    • Why

    • How


Nfirs

NFIRS

National Fire Incident Reporting System


The five step process1

The Five Step Process

  • Develop partnerships

    • Churches

    • Rural electric cooperatives

    • Water associations

    • Target audience

    • Others


The five step process2

The Five Step Process

  • Create a strategy

    • What messages

    • Who delivers

    • How to deliver

    • Where

    • Cost

    • Funding source


The five step process3

The Five Step Process

  • Create a strategy

    • Existing programs

      • Remembering When

      • Risk Watch

      • Learn Not to Burn

      • Start Safe


The five step process4

The Five Step Process

  • Create a strategy

    • Existing programs

    • Borrow from others

      • Clowns

      • Puppets

      • Skits


Yahoo groups

Yahoo!Groups

  • MAPFSE

  • NFLSE

  • ePARADE


The five step process5

The Five Step Process

  • Create a strategy

    • Existing programs

    • Borrow from others

    • Create your own


You don t have to do it alone

You don’t have to do it alone!

  • Non-firefighters

  • Volunteers

  • Retired teachers

  • Others


Five e s of fire prevention

Five E’s of Fire Prevention


Funding

Funding

  • Insurance rebate money

  • Assistance to Firefighters GrantFire Prevention & Safety Grant

    • www.fema.gov/firegrants


The five step process6

The Five Step Process

  • Implement the strategy

  • Evaluate

    • Measure your program’s effectiveness


Demonstrating your fire prevention program s worth www usfa dhs gov nfa

Demonstrating Your Fire Prevention Program’s Worthwww.usfa.dhs.gov/nfa


Public fire education planning a five step process

Public Fire Education Planning for Rural Communities:A Five-Step Process

Public Fire Education PlanningA Five Step Process

www.usfa.dhs.gov


Making it work

Making It Work

The Worcester Story


Worcester ma

Worcester, MA

  • Population: 186,000

  • Square miles: 37.6

  • Housing units: 77,314

    • 30,000 houses

    • 45,000 multi-family

    • 30+ high rises


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

  • Offline division formed in March 2007

  • Catalyst joined division December 2008

  • Programs started in January 2009

  • Formal evaluation since 2010

  • Division manned by one, with hopes of expansion


The problem

The Problem

  • 50% of civilian injuries from cooking fires occurred in this complex

  • Occupancy: 4,000

  • Housing Units : 1,300


Partnerships

Partnerships

  • Worcester Fire Department

    • Provided fire trucks and personnel

  • The complex

    • Provided rooms to accommodate workshops

    • Advertisements leading up to events

    • Stovetop FireStop

  • Red Cross

    • Provided personnel

  • Papa Gino’s

    • Provided 50 pizzas


Implementation

Implementation

  • Education

    • Worked with afterschool

    • On-site workshops at each of the 3 high rises

    • On-going relationship with management


Implementation1

Implementation

  • Engineering

    • 2 installed per unit

    • $17 per canister or $34 per unit

    • www.stovetopfirestop.com


Implementation2

Implementation

  • Enforcement

    • Make sure complex is up to code

    • Complex came up with consequences

      • Apartment inspections

      • Non compliance

      • Fire safety institutionalized in welcome package


Evaluation

Evaluation

2005-2010

2011

3 cooking related incidents

1 civilian injury

0 family displacement

$100-$1,000 damages

  • 50% civilian injuries in this complex

  • 1-2 kitchen related fires per month that led to family displacements

  • $15,000-$50,000 damages per incident


Empty shoes

Empty Shoes

No longer filled with dreams…


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Did you know?

The United States suffers one of the worst per-capita fire death rates of any industrialized nation…


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

…and Mississippi suffers one of the worst per-capita fire death rates in the nation!


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

persons in the United States lost their lives from the devastating effects of structure fires in 2011

According to the National Fire Protection Association


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

persons in Mississippi lost their lives from the devastating effects of fires in 2011

According to the Mississippi Fire Marshal’s Office


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Mother…

Brother…

Sister…

Father…

Friends…

Children…


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Represent 6% of annual fire deaths in homes

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Children and Teens ages 5 to 19

represent another 8% of fire deaths

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

represent another 56% of fire deaths

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

represent another 31% of fire deaths

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Of the total reported fire deaths in homes in 2006

2,377 were male

1,563 were female

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

83

Firefighters died in 2011 while in the line of duty

United States Fire Administration – 2011 Firefighter Fatality Statistics


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

  • U.S. Fire Statistics

  • Source: USFA/National Data Center-Residential Building Fires (2009-2011)

    • Estimated 360,900 residential building fires

    • Estimated 2,495 deaths

    • Estimated 13,250 injuries

    • Estimated $7 billion in property losses


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

  • Fire Death and Injuries in

  • One & Two Family Dwellings

  • Fire Deaths 80%

  • Fire Injuries 74%

  • Fire Property Damage 83%

  • Fireground firefighter deaths 70%


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

We should never forget that fire prevention and the fire sprinkler concept represent key interventions necessary to prevent future shoes from being robbed of their dreams…


Changing our culture from suppression to prevention

Empty Shoes…


Empty shoes created by karen alexander marketing coordinator tennessee fire and codes academy

Empty Shoes created by:Karen AlexanderMarketing Coordinator Tennessee Fire and Codes Academy


By madreigat ha adam rav yosef yoizel horowitz

by MadreigatHa’adam, RavYosefYoizel Horowitz

Definitions:

Kasher-to make kosher

Treife-not kosher


Marshall ramsey s blog

Marshall Ramsey’s Blog

October 1, 2012


Adapted from the star thrower by loren c eiseley

Adapted from the Star Thrower by Loren C. Eiseley


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