Changing our culture from suppression to prevention
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Changing Our Culture… from suppression to prevention. Tammy L. Peavy Fire Safety Education Officer MS State Fire Marshal’s Office. Historical Fires. Did you know….?. Iroquois Theatre Fire December 30, 1903. 602 deaths. Considered “absolutely fireproof” Blocked/locked exits

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Changing Our Culture… from suppression to prevention

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Changing Our Culture…from suppression to prevention

Tammy L. Peavy

Fire Safety Education Officer

MS State Fire Marshal’s Office


Historical Fires

Did you know….?


Iroquois Theatre FireDecember 30, 1903

602 deaths

Considered “absolutely fireproof”

Blocked/locked exits

Untrained staff

High risk population

Overcrowded

Combustibles

Politics

Fire extinguished in less than 10 minutes


Triangle Shirtwaist Factory FireMarch 25, 1911146 deaths

  • FD 6 blocks away

  • 6 bodies on ground upon FD arrival

  • Fire extinguished in 18 minutes


Station Nightclub FireFebruary 20, 2003100 deaths

  • FD arrived 4.5 minutes into the fire


Rhythm Nightclub FireApril 23, 1940209 deaths

Natchez, Mississippi

One point of egress

Combustible materials

FD on scene in 5 minutes

Fire extinguished in 15 minutes


Residential fires

  • in Mississippi

  • 2007………………77

  • 2008…………..…78

  • 2009…………..…89

  • 2010………………82

  • 2011………….……80

  • 2012……….…..…63

  • 2013……….…..…26

    …and counting


Sean’s Story


16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives

www.lifesafetyinitiatives.com


Initiative #1

Define and advocate the need for a cultural change within the fire service relating to safety incorporating leadership, management, supervision, accountability and personal responsibility.


Initiative #3

Focus greater attention on the integration of risk management with incident management at al levels, including strategic, tactical, and planning responsibilities.


Initiative #4

All firefighters must be empowered to stop unsafe practices.


Initiative #14

Public Education must receive more resources and be championed as a critical fire and life safety program.


Initiative #15

Advocacy must be strengthened for the enforcement of codes and the installation of home fire sprinklers.


The Five Step Process

  • Conduct community analysis

    • Type of incident

    • Where

    • When

    • Who

    • Why

    • How


NFIRS

National Fire Incident Reporting System


The Five Step Process

  • Develop partnerships

    • Churches

    • Rural electric cooperatives

    • Water associations

    • Target audience

    • Others


The Five Step Process

  • Create a strategy

    • What messages

    • Who delivers

    • How to deliver

    • Where

    • Cost

    • Funding source


The Five Step Process

  • Create a strategy

    • Existing programs

      • Remembering When

      • Risk Watch

      • Learn Not to Burn

      • Start Safe


The Five Step Process

  • Create a strategy

    • Existing programs

    • Borrow from others

      • Clowns

      • Puppets

      • Skits


Yahoo!Groups

  • MAPFSE

  • NFLSE

  • ePARADE


The Five Step Process

  • Create a strategy

    • Existing programs

    • Borrow from others

    • Create your own


You don’t have to do it alone!

  • Non-firefighters

  • Volunteers

  • Retired teachers

  • Others


Five E’s of Fire Prevention


Funding

  • Insurance rebate money

  • Assistance to Firefighters GrantFire Prevention & Safety Grant

    • www.fema.gov/firegrants


The Five Step Process

  • Implement the strategy

  • Evaluate

    • Measure your program’s effectiveness


Demonstrating Your Fire Prevention Program’s Worthwww.usfa.dhs.gov/nfa


Public Fire Education Planning for Rural Communities:A Five-Step Process

Public Fire Education PlanningA Five Step Process

www.usfa.dhs.gov


Making It Work

The Worcester Story


Worcester, MA

  • Population: 186,000

  • Square miles: 37.6

  • Housing units: 77,314

    • 30,000 houses

    • 45,000 multi-family

    • 30+ high rises


  • Offline division formed in March 2007

  • Catalyst joined division December 2008

  • Programs started in January 2009

  • Formal evaluation since 2010

  • Division manned by one, with hopes of expansion


The Problem

  • 50% of civilian injuries from cooking fires occurred in this complex

  • Occupancy: 4,000

  • Housing Units : 1,300


Partnerships

  • Worcester Fire Department

    • Provided fire trucks and personnel

  • The complex

    • Provided rooms to accommodate workshops

    • Advertisements leading up to events

    • Stovetop FireStop

  • Red Cross

    • Provided personnel

  • Papa Gino’s

    • Provided 50 pizzas


Implementation

  • Education

    • Worked with afterschool

    • On-site workshops at each of the 3 high rises

    • On-going relationship with management


Implementation

  • Engineering

    • 2 installed per unit

    • $17 per canister or $34 per unit

    • www.stovetopfirestop.com


Implementation

  • Enforcement

    • Make sure complex is up to code

    • Complex came up with consequences

      • Apartment inspections

      • Non compliance

      • Fire safety institutionalized in welcome package


Evaluation

2005-2010

2011

3 cooking related incidents

1 civilian injury

0 family displacement

$100-$1,000 damages

  • 50% civilian injuries in this complex

  • 1-2 kitchen related fires per month that led to family displacements

  • $15,000-$50,000 damages per incident


Empty Shoes

No longer filled with dreams…


Did you know?

The United States suffers one of the worst per-capita fire death rates of any industrialized nation…


…and Mississippi suffers one of the worst per-capita fire death rates in the nation!


persons in the United States lost their lives from the devastating effects of structure fires in 2011

According to the National Fire Protection Association


persons in Mississippi lost their lives from the devastating effects of fires in 2011

According to the Mississippi Fire Marshal’s Office


Mother…

Brother…

Sister…

Father…

Friends…

Children…


Represent 6% of annual fire deaths in homes

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


Children and Teens ages 5 to 19

represent another 8% of fire deaths

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


represent another 56% of fire deaths

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


represent another 31% of fire deaths

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


Of the total reported fire deaths in homes in 2006

2,377 were male

1,563 were female

USFA/National Data Center: Fire in the United States 2003-2007


83

Firefighters died in 2011 while in the line of duty

United States Fire Administration – 2011 Firefighter Fatality Statistics


  • U.S. Fire Statistics

  • Source: USFA/National Data Center-Residential Building Fires (2009-2011)

    • Estimated 360,900 residential building fires

    • Estimated 2,495 deaths

    • Estimated 13,250 injuries

    • Estimated $7 billion in property losses


  • Fire Death and Injuries in

  • One & Two Family Dwellings

  • Fire Deaths 80%

  • Fire Injuries 74%

  • Fire Property Damage 83%

  • Fireground firefighter deaths 70%


We should never forget that fire prevention and the fire sprinkler concept represent key interventions necessary to prevent future shoes from being robbed of their dreams…


Empty Shoes…


Empty Shoes created by:Karen AlexanderMarketing Coordinator Tennessee Fire and Codes Academy


by MadreigatHa’adam, RavYosefYoizel Horowitz

Definitions:

Kasher-to make kosher

Treife-not kosher


Marshall Ramsey’s Blog

October 1, 2012


Adapted from the Star Thrower by Loren C. Eiseley


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