Ch 12 alcohol thiol
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Ch 12 Alcohol & Thiol. Reactions. Dehydration of Alcohol. An –H and an –OH of adjacent carbon atoms are removed to form and alkene and water Heat and an acid catalyst are needed. Oxidation of Alcohol. Oxidation – loss of H atoms or gain of O 2 atoms

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Ch 12 Alcohol & Thiol

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Ch 12 alcohol thiol

Ch 12 Alcohol & Thiol

Reactions


Dehydration of alcohol

Dehydration of Alcohol

  • An –H and an –OH of adjacent carbon atoms are removed to form and alkene and water

  • Heat and an acid catalyst are needed


Oxidation of alcohol

Oxidation of Alcohol

  • Oxidation – loss of H atoms or gain of O2 atoms

  • Oxidation occurs when there is an increase in the number of C-O bonds

  • In a reduction, the product has fewer bonds between carbon and oxygen


Oxidation of primary alcohol

Oxidation of Primary Alcohol

  • Primary alcohol produces and aldehyde

    • Removes 2 –H atoms (1 –H from the –OH and 1 –H from the carbon bonded to the –OH)

    • Use the symbol [O] to show oxidizing agent


Oxidation of primary alcohol1

Oxidation of Primary Alcohol

  • Aldehyde oxidizes further with the addition of another O2 to form carboxylic acid

    • Very fast reaction…not easily isolated in a lab


Oxidation of secondary alcohol

Oxidation of Secondary Alcohol

  • Secondary alcohols produce ketones

    • Removes 1 –H atom from –OH and 1 –H atom from the carbon bonded to the –OH


Oxidation of secondary alcohol1

Oxidation of Secondary Alcohol

  • Tertiary alcohols do not oxidize

    • No –H on carbon bonded to –OH

    • C-C bonds too strong to oxidize


Oxidation of thiols

Oxidation of Thiols

  • Thiols undergo oxidation by a loss of –H from the –SH group (more than 1 thiol molecule must be present)

  • Oxidized product is called a disulfide

  • Factoid – protein in hair is cross-linked by disulfide bonds

    • In a ‘perm’…these bonds are broken and then oxidized while in the rollers so hair forms disulfide bonds in a new shape


Homework

Homework

Page 399 (12.18 and 12.20)


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